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Introductory Chemistry: A Foundati...

9th Edition
Steven S. Zumdahl + 1 other
ISBN: 9781337399425

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BuyFindarrow_forward

Introductory Chemistry: A Foundati...

9th Edition
Steven S. Zumdahl + 1 other
ISBN: 9781337399425
Textbook Problem
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u have learned the postulates of the kinetic molecular theory. What if we could not assume the fourth postulate to be true? How would this affect the measured pressure of a gas?

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation:

The importance and effect of fourth postulate of Kinetic molecular theory should be determined on measured pressure of gas.

Concept Introduction:

The kinetic molecular theory represents the behavior of the gas. With the help of this theory, many scientists had developed laws explaining the properties of the gases like Charles’s law, Boyle’s law etc. There are five postulates are there in this kinetic molecular theory.

  1. There is a continuous motion along with straight line travelling in molecules of gas and a direction change observed when they colloids with other molecules and walls of the container.
  2. When there is a comparison done in between size of molecules and distance of them, the molecules are small.
  3. The collisions between the gas molecules and the container walls results into the pressure applied by a gas.
  4. The gases do not have any attraction and repulsion forces thus, the collisions are elastic, or no energy is lost by the gaseous molecules.
  5. The temperature of gas in Kelvin unit is directly proportional to the kinetic energy of the gas.
Explanation

The kinetic molecular theory represents the behavior of the gas. With the help of this theory, many scientists had developed laws explaining the properties of the gases like Charles’s law, Boyle’s law etc. There are five postulates are there in this kinetic molecular theory.

  1. There is a continuous motion along with straight line travelling in molecules of gas and a direction change observed when they colloids with other molecules and walls of the container.
  2. When there is a comparison done in between size of molecules and distance of them, the molecules are small.
  3. The collisions between the gas molecules and the container walls results into the pressure applied by a gas.
  4. The gases do not have any attraction and repulsion forces thus, the collisions are elastic, or no energy is lost by the gaseous molecules.
  5. The temperature of gas in Kelvin unit is directly proportional to the kinetic energy of the gas.

The each postulate explains the different laws which are derived from them only by different scientists.

Following are the different laws derived from above mentioned postulates:

  1. Amonton’s Law- On increasing the temperature, the average kinetic energy of the molecule of the gas increases.
  2. Charles’s law- The volume of an ideal gas at constant pressure is directly proportional to the absolute temperature...

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Sect-13.6 P-13.10SCSect-13.8 P-1CTSect-13.10 P-13.11SCSect-13.10 P-1CTSect-13.10 P-13.12SCCh-13 P-1ALQCh-13 P-2ALQCh-13 P-3ALQCh-13 P-4ALQCh-13 P-5ALQCh-13 P-6ALQCh-13 P-7ALQCh-13 P-8ALQCh-13 P-9ALQCh-13 P-10ALQCh-13 P-11ALQCh-13 P-12ALQCh-13 P-13ALQCh-13 P-14ALQCh-13 P-15ALQCh-13 P-16ALQCh-13 P-17ALQCh-13 P-18ALQCh-13 P-19ALQCh-13 P-20ALQCh-13 P-21ALQCh-13 P-22ALQCh-13 P-23ALQCh-13 P-1QAPCh-13 P-2QAPCh-13 P-3QAPCh-13 P-4QAPCh-13 P-5QAPCh-13 P-6QAPCh-13 P-7QAPCh-13 P-8QAPCh-13 P-9QAPCh-13 P-10QAPCh-13 P-11QAPCh-13 P-12QAPCh-13 P-13QAPCh-13 P-14QAPCh-13 P-15QAPCh-13 P-16QAPCh-13 P-17QAPCh-13 P-18QAPCh-13 P-19QAPCh-13 P-20QAPCh-13 P-21QAPCh-13 P-22QAPCh-13 P-23QAPCh-13 P-24QAPCh-13 P-25QAPCh-13 P-26QAPCh-13 P-27QAPCh-13 P-28QAPCh-13 P-29QAPCh-13 P-30QAPCh-13 P-31QAPCh-13 P-32QAPCh-13 P-33QAPCh-13 P-34QAPCh-13 P-35QAPCh-13 P-36QAPCh-13 P-37QAPCh-13 P-38QAPCh-13 P-39QAPCh-13 P-40QAPCh-13 P-41QAPCh-13 P-42QAPCh-13 P-43QAPCh-13 P-44QAPCh-13 P-45QAPCh-13 P-46QAPCh-13 P-47QAPCh-13 P-48QAPCh-13 P-49QAPCh-13 P-50QAPCh-13 P-51QAPCh-13 P-52QAPCh-13 P-53QAPCh-13 P-54QAPCh-13 P-55QAPCh-13 P-56QAPCh-13 P-57QAPCh-13 P-58QAPCh-13 P-59QAPCh-13 P-60QAPCh-13 P-61QAPCh-13 P-62QAPCh-13 P-63QAPCh-13 P-64QAPCh-13 P-65QAPCh-13 P-66QAPCh-13 P-67QAPCh-13 P-68QAPCh-13 P-69QAPCh-13 P-70QAPCh-13 P-71QAPCh-13 P-72QAPCh-13 P-73QAPCh-13 P-74QAPCh-13 P-75QAPCh-13 P-76QAPCh-13 P-77QAPCh-13 P-78QAPCh-13 P-79QAPCh-13 P-80QAPCh-13 P-81QAPCh-13 P-82QAPCh-13 P-83QAPCh-13 P-84QAPCh-13 P-85QAPCh-13 P-86QAPCh-13 P-87QAPCh-13 P-88QAPCh-13 P-89QAPCh-13 P-90QAPCh-13 P-91QAPCh-13 P-92QAPCh-13 P-93QAPCh-13 P-94QAPCh-13 P-95QAPCh-13 P-96QAPCh-13 P-97QAPCh-13 P-98QAPCh-13 P-99QAPCh-13 P-100QAPCh-13 P-101QAPCh-13 P-102QAPCh-13 P-103APCh-13 P-104APCh-13 P-105APCh-13 P-106APCh-13 P-107APCh-13 P-108APCh-13 P-109APCh-13 P-110APCh-13 P-111APCh-13 P-112APCh-13 P-113APCh-13 P-114APCh-13 P-115APCh-13 P-116APCh-13 P-117APCh-13 P-118APCh-13 P-119APCh-13 P-120APCh-13 P-121APCh-13 P-122APCh-13 P-123APCh-13 P-124APCh-13 P-125APCh-13 P-126APCh-13 P-127APCh-13 P-128APCh-13 P-129APCh-13 P-130APCh-13 P-131APCh-13 P-132APCh-13 P-133APCh-13 P-134APCh-13 P-135APCh-13 P-136APCh-13 P-137APCh-13 P-138APCh-13 P-139APCh-13 P-140APCh-13 P-141APCh-13 P-142APCh-13 P-143APCh-13 P-144APCh-13 P-145APCh-13 P-146APCh-13 P-147APCh-13 P-148APCh-13 P-149APCh-13 P-150CPCh-13 P-151CPCh-13 P-152CPCh-13 P-153CPCh-13 P-154CPCh-13 P-155CPCh-13 P-156CPCh-13 P-157CP

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