Chapter 13.8, Problem 33E

BuyFind*arrow_forward*

11th Edition

Ronald J. Harshbarger + 1 other

ISBN: 9781305108042

Textbook Problem

** Pollution monitoring** Suppose that the presence of phosphates in certain waste products dumped into a lake promotes the growth of algae. Rampant growth of algae affects the oxygen supply in the water, so an environmental group wishes to estimate the area of algae growth. Group members measure across the algae growth (see Figure 13.34) and obtain the data (in feet) in the table.

x |
Width w |
x |
Width w |

0 | 0 | 50 | 27 |

10 | 15 | 60 | 24 |

20 | 18 | 70 | 23 |

30 | 18 | 80 | 0 |

40 | 30 |

(a) Can either the Trapezoidal Rule or Simpsonâ€™s Rule be used to calculate the area of the algae growth?

(b) When either the Trapezoidal Rule or Simpsonâ€™s Rule can be used, which is usually more accurate?

(c) Use Simpsonâ€™s Rule to approximate the area of the algae growth.

**(a)**

To determine

If the area of the algae growth can be calculated from the Trapezoidal Rule or Simpson’s Rule.

Explanation

**Given Information:**

The provided table is as follows:

x |
Width w |
x |
Width w |

0 | 0 | 50 | 27 |

10 | 15 | 60 | 24 |

20 | 18 | 70 | 23 |

30 | 18 | 80 | 0 |

40 | 30 |

And the provided figure is,

Consider the provided table,

x |
Width w |
x |
Width w |

0 | 0 | 50 | 27 |

10 | 15 | 60 | 24 |

20 | 18 | 70 | 23 |

30 | 18 | 80 | 0 |

40 | 30 |

Now, the value of

To develop the Trapezoidal rule formula, it is always assumed that

Within each subdivision, the area is approximated using trapezoid.

Thus, since there are no pairs and also, the divisions are

Therefore, the trapezoidal rule can be used for the approximation of the above function.

Now, another numerical method, Simpsonâ€™s rule, uses a parabola to approximate the function over each pair of subintervals and then uses the areas under the parabolas to approximate the area under the curve

**(b)**

To determine

Which method Simpson’s rule or Trapezoidal rule is more accurate to calculate the area of the growth of algae.

**(c)**

To determine

**To calculate:** The area of the algae growth by Simpson’s Rule if the presence of phosphates in certain waste products dumped into a lake sponsors the growth of algae.

Sect-13.1 P-1CPSect-13.1 P-2CPSect-13.1 P-1ESect-13.1 P-2ESect-13.1 P-3ESect-13.1 P-4ESect-13.1 P-5ESect-13.1 P-6ESect-13.1 P-7ESect-13.1 P-8E

Sect-13.1 P-9ESect-13.1 P-10ESect-13.1 P-11ESect-13.1 P-12ESect-13.1 P-13ESect-13.1 P-14ESect-13.1 P-15ESect-13.1 P-16ESect-13.1 P-17ESect-13.1 P-18ESect-13.1 P-19ESect-13.1 P-20ESect-13.1 P-21ESect-13.1 P-22ESect-13.1 P-23ESect-13.1 P-24ESect-13.1 P-25ESect-13.1 P-26ESect-13.1 P-27ESect-13.1 P-28ESect-13.1 P-29ESect-13.1 P-30ESect-13.1 P-31ESect-13.1 P-32ESect-13.1 P-33ESect-13.1 P-34ESect-13.1 P-35ESect-13.1 P-36ESect-13.1 P-37ESect-13.1 P-38ESect-13.1 P-39ESect-13.1 P-40ESect-13.2 P-1CPSect-13.2 P-2CPSect-13.2 P-1ESect-13.2 P-2ESect-13.2 P-3ESect-13.2 P-4ESect-13.2 P-5ESect-13.2 P-6ESect-13.2 P-9ESect-13.2 P-10ESect-13.2 P-11ESect-13.2 P-12ESect-13.2 P-7ESect-13.2 P-8ESect-13.2 P-23ESect-13.2 P-24ESect-13.2 P-13ESect-13.2 P-14ESect-13.2 P-15ESect-13.2 P-16ESect-13.2 P-17ESect-13.2 P-18ESect-13.2 P-19ESect-13.2 P-20ESect-13.2 P-21ESect-13.2 P-22ESect-13.2 P-25ESect-13.2 P-26ESect-13.2 P-27ESect-13.2 P-28ESect-13.2 P-29ESect-13.2 P-30ESect-13.2 P-31ESect-13.2 P-32ESect-13.2 P-33ESect-13.2 P-34ESect-13.2 P-35ESect-13.2 P-36ESect-13.2 P-37ESect-13.2 P-38ESect-13.2 P-39ESect-13.2 P-40ESect-13.2 P-41ESect-13.2 P-42ESect-13.2 P-43ESect-13.2 P-44ESect-13.2 P-45ESect-13.2 P-46ESect-13.2 P-47ESect-13.2 P-48ESect-13.2 P-49ESect-13.2 P-50ESect-13.2 P-51ESect-13.2 P-52ESect-13.2 P-53ESect-13.2 P-54ESect-13.2 P-55ESect-13.2 P-56ESect-13.2 P-57ESect-13.2 P-58ESect-13.2 P-59ESect-13.2 P-60ESect-13.2 P-61ESect-13.2 P-62ESect-13.2 P-63ESect-13.2 P-64ESect-13.2 P-65ESect-13.2 P-66ESect-13.2 P-67ESect-13.2 P-68ESect-13.3 P-1CPSect-13.3 P-2CPSect-13.3 P-3CPSect-13.3 P-1ESect-13.3 P-2ESect-13.3 P-3ESect-13.3 P-4ESect-13.3 P-5ESect-13.3 P-6ESect-13.3 P-7ESect-13.3 P-8ESect-13.3 P-9ESect-13.3 P-10ESect-13.3 P-11ESect-13.3 P-12ESect-13.3 P-13ESect-13.3 P-14ESect-13.3 P-15ESect-13.3 P-16ESect-13.3 P-17ESect-13.3 P-18ESect-13.3 P-19ESect-13.3 P-20ESect-13.3 P-21ESect-13.3 P-22ESect-13.3 P-23ESect-13.3 P-24ESect-13.3 P-25ESect-13.3 P-26ESect-13.3 P-27ESect-13.3 P-28ESect-13.3 P-29ESect-13.3 P-30ESect-13.3 P-31ESect-13.3 P-32ESect-13.3 P-33ESect-13.3 P-34ESect-13.3 P-35ESect-13.3 P-36ESect-13.3 P-37ESect-13.3 P-38ESect-13.3 P-39ESect-13.3 P-40ESect-13.3 P-41ESect-13.3 P-42ESect-13.3 P-43ESect-13.3 P-44ESect-13.3 P-45ESect-13.3 P-46ESect-13.3 P-47ESect-13.3 P-48ESect-13.3 P-49ESect-13.3 P-50ESect-13.4 P-1CPSect-13.4 P-2CPSect-13.4 P-3CPSect-13.4 P-1ESect-13.4 P-2ESect-13.4 P-3ESect-13.4 P-4ESect-13.4 P-5ESect-13.4 P-6ESect-13.4 P-7ESect-13.4 P-8ESect-13.4 P-9ESect-13.4 P-10ESect-13.4 P-11ESect-13.4 P-12ESect-13.4 P-13ESect-13.4 P-14ESect-13.4 P-15ESect-13.4 P-16ESect-13.4 P-17ESect-13.4 P-18ESect-13.4 P-19ESect-13.4 P-20ESect-13.4 P-21ESect-13.4 P-22ESect-13.4 P-23ESect-13.4 P-24ESect-13.4 P-25ESect-13.4 P-26ESect-13.4 P-27ESect-13.4 P-28ESect-13.4 P-29ESect-13.4 P-30ESect-13.4 P-31ESect-13.4 P-32ESect-13.4 P-33ESect-13.4 P-34ESect-13.4 P-35ESect-13.4 P-36ESect-13.5 P-1CPSect-13.5 P-2CPSect-13.5 P-3CPSect-13.5 P-4CPSect-13.5 P-5CPSect-13.5 P-6CPSect-13.5 P-1ESect-13.5 P-2ESect-13.5 P-3ESect-13.5 P-4ESect-13.5 P-5ESect-13.5 P-6ESect-13.5 P-7ESect-13.5 P-8ESect-13.5 P-9ESect-13.5 P-10ESect-13.5 P-11ESect-13.5 P-12ESect-13.5 P-13ESect-13.5 P-14ESect-13.5 P-15ESect-13.5 P-16ESect-13.5 P-17ESect-13.5 P-18ESect-13.5 P-19ESect-13.5 P-20ESect-13.5 P-21ESect-13.5 P-22ESect-13.5 P-23ESect-13.5 P-24ESect-13.5 P-25ESect-13.5 P-26ESect-13.5 P-27ESect-13.5 P-28ESect-13.5 P-29ESect-13.5 P-30ESect-13.5 P-31ESect-13.5 P-32ESect-13.5 P-33ESect-13.5 P-34ESect-13.5 P-35ESect-13.5 P-36ESect-13.5 P-37ESect-13.5 P-38ESect-13.5 P-39ESect-13.5 P-40ESect-13.5 P-41ESect-13.5 P-42ESect-13.6 P-1CPSect-13.6 P-2CPSect-13.6 P-1ESect-13.6 P-2ESect-13.6 P-3ESect-13.6 P-4ESect-13.6 P-5ESect-13.6 P-6ESect-13.6 P-7ESect-13.6 P-8ESect-13.6 P-9ESect-13.6 P-10ESect-13.6 P-11ESect-13.6 P-12ESect-13.6 P-13ESect-13.6 P-14ESect-13.6 P-15ESect-13.6 P-16ESect-13.6 P-17ESect-13.6 P-18ESect-13.6 P-19ESect-13.6 P-20ESect-13.6 P-21ESect-13.6 P-22ESect-13.6 P-23ESect-13.6 P-24ESect-13.6 P-25ESect-13.6 P-26ESect-13.6 P-27ESect-13.6 P-28ESect-13.6 P-29ESect-13.6 P-30ESect-13.6 P-31ESect-13.6 P-32ESect-13.6 P-33ESect-13.6 P-34ESect-13.6 P-35ESect-13.6 P-36ESect-13.6 P-37ESect-13.6 P-38ESect-13.7 P-1CPSect-13.7 P-2CPSect-13.7 P-1ESect-13.7 P-2ESect-13.7 P-3ESect-13.7 P-4ESect-13.7 P-5ESect-13.7 P-6ESect-13.7 P-7ESect-13.7 P-8ESect-13.7 P-9ESect-13.7 P-10ESect-13.7 P-11ESect-13.7 P-12ESect-13.7 P-13ESect-13.7 P-14ESect-13.7 P-15ESect-13.7 P-16ESect-13.7 P-17ESect-13.7 P-18ESect-13.7 P-19ESect-13.7 P-20ESect-13.7 P-21ESect-13.7 P-22ESect-13.7 P-23ESect-13.7 P-24ESect-13.7 P-25ESect-13.7 P-26ESect-13.7 P-27ESect-13.7 P-28ESect-13.7 P-29ESect-13.7 P-30ESect-13.7 P-31ESect-13.7 P-32ESect-13.7 P-33ESect-13.7 P-34ESect-13.7 P-35ESect-13.7 P-36ESect-13.7 P-37ESect-13.7 P-38ESect-13.7 P-39ESect-13.7 P-40ESect-13.7 P-41ESect-13.7 P-42ESect-13.7 P-43ESect-13.7 P-44ESect-13.7 P-45ESect-13.7 P-47ESect-13.8 P-1CPSect-13.8 P-2CPSect-13.8 P-3CPSect-13.8 P-1ESect-13.8 P-2ESect-13.8 P-3ESect-13.8 P-4ESect-13.8 P-5ESect-13.8 P-6ESect-13.8 P-7ESect-13.8 P-8ESect-13.8 P-9ESect-13.8 P-10ESect-13.8 P-11ESect-13.8 P-12ESect-13.8 P-13ESect-13.8 P-14ESect-13.8 P-15ESect-13.8 P-16ESect-13.8 P-17ESect-13.8 P-18ESect-13.8 P-19ESect-13.8 P-20ESect-13.8 P-21ESect-13.8 P-22ESect-13.8 P-23ESect-13.8 P-24ESect-13.8 P-25ESect-13.8 P-26ESect-13.8 P-27ESect-13.8 P-28ESect-13.8 P-29ESect-13.8 P-30ESect-13.8 P-31ESect-13.8 P-32ESect-13.8 P-33ESect-13.8 P-34ECh-13 P-1RECh-13 P-2RECh-13 P-3RECh-13 P-4RECh-13 P-5RECh-13 P-6RECh-13 P-7RECh-13 P-8RECh-13 P-9RECh-13 P-10RECh-13 P-11RECh-13 P-12RECh-13 P-13RECh-13 P-14RECh-13 P-15RECh-13 P-16RECh-13 P-17RECh-13 P-18RECh-13 P-19RECh-13 P-20RECh-13 P-21RECh-13 P-22RECh-13 P-23RECh-13 P-24RECh-13 P-25RECh-13 P-26RECh-13 P-27RECh-13 P-28RECh-13 P-29RECh-13 P-30RECh-13 P-31RECh-13 P-32RECh-13 P-33RECh-13 P-34RECh-13 P-35RECh-13 P-36RECh-13 P-37RECh-13 P-38RECh-13 P-39RECh-13 P-40RECh-13 P-41RECh-13 P-42RECh-13 P-43RECh-13 P-44RECh-13 P-45RECh-13 P-46RECh-13 P-47RECh-13 P-48RECh-13 P-49RECh-13 P-50RECh-13 P-51RECh-13 P-53RECh-13 P-54RECh-13 P-55RECh-13 P-1TCh-13 P-2TCh-13 P-3TCh-13 P-4TCh-13 P-5TCh-13 P-6TCh-13 P-7TCh-13 P-8TCh-13 P-9TCh-13 P-10TCh-13 P-11TCh-13 P-12TCh-13 P-13TCh-13 P-14TCh-13 P-15TCh-13 P-16T

Mathematical Excursions (MindTap Course List)

Finite Mathematics

Elementary Technical Mathematics

Mathematical Applications for the Management, Life, and Social Sciences

Intermediate Algebra

Elementary Geometry For College Students, 7e

Multivariable Calculus

Trigonometry (MindTap Course List)

Calculus: Early Transcendentals

Elements Of Modern Algebra

Understanding Basic Statistics

Statistics for The Behavioral Sciences (MindTap Course List)

Calculus: Early Transcendental Functions

Probability and Statistics for Engineering and the Sciences

Contemporary Mathematics for Business & Consumers

Single Variable Calculus: Early Transcendentals, Volume I

Finite Mathematics and Applied Calculus (MindTap Course List)

Applied Calculus

Precalculus: Mathematics for Calculus (Standalone Book)

Applied Calculus for the Managerial, Life, and Social Sciences: A Brief Approach

Single Variable Calculus: Early Transcendentals

Calculus: An Applied Approach (MindTap Course List)

Essentials Of Statistics

Essentials of Statistics for The Behavioral Sciences (MindTap Course List)

Calculus (MindTap Course List)

Single Variable Calculus

Calculus of a Single Variable

Finite Mathematics for the Managerial, Life, and Social Sciences

Calculus: Early Transcendental Functions (MindTap Course List)

Elementary Geometry for College Students

Mathematics For Machine Technology

Study Guide for Stewart's Single Variable Calculus: Early Transcendentals, 8th

Research Methods for the Behavioral Sciences (MindTap Course List)

College Algebra (MindTap Course List)

Statistics for Business & Economics, Revised (MindTap Course List)

STATISTICS F/BUSINESS+ECONOMICS-TEXT

Study Guide for Stewart's Multivariable Calculus, 8th

Research Methods for the Behavioral Sciences (MindTap Course List)

Multivariable Calculus

Introduction To Statistics And Data Analysis

Calculus (MindTap Course List)