   Chapter 14, Problem 10PS

Chapter
Section
Textbook Problem

Nitrosyl bromide, NOBr, is formed from NO and Br2:2 NO(g) + Br2(g) → 2 NOBr(g)Experiments show that this reaction is second-order in NO and first-order in Br2. (a) Write the rate equation for the reaction. (b) How does the initial reaction rate change if the concentration of Br2 is changed from 0.0022 mol/L to 0.0066 mol/L? (c) What is the change in the initial rate if the concentration of NO is changed from 0.0024 mol/L to 0.0012 mol/L?

(a)

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation:

The rate equation for the reaction has to be written.

Concept introduction:

Rate law or rate equation: The relationship between the reactant concentrations and reaction rate is expressed by an equation.

aA + bBxXRate of reaction = k [A]m[B]nTotalorderof reaction = (m + n)

Order of a reaction: The order of a reaction with respect to a particular reactant is the exponent of its concentration term in the rate law expression, and the overall reaction order is the sum of the exponents on all concentration terms.

Rate constant, k: It is a proportionality constant that relates rate and concentration at a given temperature.

Explanation

The rate equation for the reaction is written as,

Reaction Rate = k [A]n,where n is the order of the reactant.Givenreaction 2 NO(g)+  Br2(g)®NOBr(g)In both [NO

(b)

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation:

The change in the initial rate of the reaction has to be given.

Concept introduction:

Rate law or rate equation: The relationship between the reactant concentrations and reaction rate is expressed by an equation.

aA + bBxXRate of reaction = k [A]m[B]nTotalorderof reaction = (m + n)

Order of a reaction: The order of a reaction with respect to a particular reactant is the exponent of its concentration term in the rate law expression, and the overall reaction order is the sum of the exponents on all concentration terms.

Rate constant, k: It is a proportionality constant that relates rate and concentration at a given temperature.

(c)

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation:

The change in the initial rate of the reaction has to be given.

Concept introduction:

Rate law or rate equation: The relationship between the reactant concentrations and reaction rate is expressed by an equation.

aA + bBxXRate of reaction = k [A]m[B]nTotalorderof reaction = (m + n)

Order of a reaction: The order of a reaction with respect to a particular reactant is the exponent of its concentration term in the rate law expression, and the overall reaction order is the sum of the exponents on all concentration terms.

Rate constant, k: It is a proportionality constant that relates rate and concentration at a given temperature.

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