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Chemistry for Today: General, Orga...

9th Edition
Spencer L. Seager + 2 others
Publisher: Cengage Learning
ISBN: 9781305960060

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Chapter
Section
BuyFindarrow_forward

Chemistry for Today: General, Orga...

9th Edition
Spencer L. Seager + 2 others
Publisher: Cengage Learning
ISBN: 9781305960060
Chapter 14, Problem 14.52E
Textbook Problem
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Using Table 14.3 , name an aldehyde or ketone used in the following ways:

a. Peppermint flavoring

b. Flavoring for margarines

c. Cinnamon flavoring

d. Vanilla flavoring

Interpretation Introduction

(a)

Interpretation:

The aldehyde or ketone that is used in peppermint flavoring is to be named.

Concept introduction:

Aldehydes and ketones contain carbonyl functional group in their parent chain and are named by adding suffix –al and –one to the name of the parent alkane. The structural formula of an aldehyde is RCOH and the structural formula of a ketone is RCOR.

Explanation of Solution

A ketone is used in peppermint flavoring and mint plants. Its name is menthone and its structure is shown below...

Interpretation Introduction

(b)

Interpretation:

The aldehyde or ketone that is used in flavoring for margarines is to be named.

Concept introduction:

Aldehydes and ketones contain carbonyl functional group in their parent chain and are named by adding suffix –al and –one to the name of the parent alkane. The structural formula of an aldehyde is RCOH and the structural formula of a ketone is RCOR.

Interpretation Introduction

(c)

Interpretation:

The aldehyde or ketone that is used in cinnamon flavoring is to be named.

Concept introduction:

Aldehydes and ketones contain carbonyl functional group in their parent chain and are named by adding suffix –al and –one to the name of the parent alkane. The structural formula of an aldehyde is RCOH and the structural formula of a ketone is RCOR.

Interpretation Introduction

(d)

Interpretation:

The aldehyde or ketone that is used in vanilla flavoring is to be named.

Concept introduction:

Aldehydes and ketones contain carbonyl functional group in their parent chain and are named by adding suffix –al and –one to the name of the parent alkane. The structural formula of an aldehyde is RCOH and the structural formula of a ketone is RCOR.

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Chapter 14 Solutions

Chemistry for Today: General, Organic, and Biochemistry
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Ch. 14 - Each of the following names is wrong. Give the...Ch. 14 - Each of the following names is wrong. Give the...Ch. 14 - Why does hydrogen bonding not take place between...Ch. 14 - Most of the remaining water in washed laboratory...Ch. 14 - The boiling point of propanal is 49C, whereas the...Ch. 14 - Explain why propane boils at 42C, whereas ethanal,...Ch. 14 - Use a dotted line to show hydrogen bonding between...Ch. 14 - Use a dotted line to show hydrogen bonding between...Ch. 14 - Arrange the following compounds in order of...Ch. 14 - The compounds menthone and menthol are fragment...Ch. 14 - Write an equation for the formation of the...Ch. 14 - Write an equation for the formation of the...Ch. 14 - Identify the following structures as hemiacetals,...Ch. 14 - Identify the following structures as hemiacetals,...Ch. 14 - Label each of the following as acetals, ketals, or...Ch. 14 - Label each of the following as acetals, ketals, or...Ch. 14 - Label each of the following structures as a cyclic...Ch. 14 - Label each of the following structures as a...Ch. 14 - What two functional groups react to form the...Ch. 14 - Hemiacetals are sometimes referred to as potential...Ch. 14 - Complete the following statements: a. Oxidation of...Ch. 14 - What observation characterizes a positive Tollens...Ch. 14 - Which of the following compounds will react with...Ch. 14 - Which of the following compounds will react with...Ch. 14 - What is the formula of the precipitate that forms...Ch. 14 - Not all aldehyde give a positve Bendicts test....Ch. 14 - A stockroom assistant prepares three bottles, each...Ch. 14 - Glucose, the sugar present within the blood, gives...Ch. 14 - Fructose, present with glucose in honey, reacts...Ch. 14 - Glucose can exsits as a cyclic hemiacetal because...Ch. 14 - After an intramolcular reaction, fructose forms a...Ch. 14 - Complete the following equations. If no reaction...Ch. 14 - Complete the following equations. If no reaction...Ch. 14 - Describe the products that result when hydrogen...Ch. 14 - Draw structural formulas for the products of the...Ch. 14 - Draw structural formulas for the products of the...Ch. 14 - The following compounds are cyclic acetals or...Ch. 14 - The following compounds are cyclic acetals or...Ch. 14 - Write equations to show how the following...Ch. 14 - Write equations to show how the following...Ch. 14 - Identify the most important aldehyde and ketone...Ch. 14 - Using Table 14.3, name an aldehyde or ketone used...Ch. 14 - Arrange the following compounds starting with the...Ch. 14 - CH3COH(O)CH3COOHacetaldehydeaceticacid You need to...Ch. 14 - The addition of water to aldehydes and ketones...Ch. 14 - Draw the product that would result when...Ch. 14 - Formaldehyde levels above 0.10mg/1000L of ambient...Ch. 14 - In the IUPAC name for the following ketone, it is...Ch. 14 - Why can formaldehyde (CH2O) be prepared in the...Ch. 14 - Other addition reactions of aldehydes occur....Ch. 14 - In the labels of some consumer products, ketone...Ch. 14 - In Figure 14.6, it is noted that acetone is used...Ch. 14 - Vanilla flavoring is either extracted from a...Ch. 14 - The structure of fructose in Exercise 14.39...Ch. 14 - The use of acetone in laboratory experiments must...Ch. 14 - Look ahead to Chapter 17 and locate the structure...Ch. 14 - Identify the functional group designated by each...Ch. 14 - Which of the following would be classified as a...

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