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Chemistry for Today: General, Orga...

9th Edition
Spencer L. Seager + 2 others
Publisher: Cengage Learning
ISBN: 9781305960060
BuyFind

Chemistry for Today: General, Orga...

9th Edition
Spencer L. Seager + 2 others
Publisher: Cengage Learning
ISBN: 9781305960060

Solutions

Chapter
Section
Chapter 14, Problem 14.68E
Textbook Problem

Which of the following would be classified as a ketone?

a.

Chapter 14, Problem 14.68E, Which of the following would be classified as a ketone? a. b. c. , example  1

b.

Chapter 14, Problem 14.68E, Which of the following would be classified as a ketone? a. b. c. , example  2

c.

Chapter 14, Problem 14.68E, Which of the following would be classified as a ketone? a. b. c. , example  3

Expert Solution
Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation:

The correct option corresponding to the compound having a ketone functional group is to be identified.

Concept Introduction:

A carbonyl group has a carbon atom that is connected to an oxygen atom through a double bond and a single bonded to two other carbon atoms respectively.

An aldehyde consists of a carbonyl group that is single bonded to a minimum one hydrogen atom. The structural formula of an aldehyde is RCOH.

A ketone consists of a carbonyl group that is single bonded to two carbon atoms. The structural formula of a ketone is RCOR.

Explanation of Solution

Reason for correct answer:

The compounds in option (b) and (c) are 4-hydroxybutan-2-one and propan-2-one. In both the compounds, the carbonyl group is present at the second carbon atom, which is single bonded to two other carbon atoms. So, they are classified as ketone

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Chapter 14 Solutions

Chemistry for Today: General, Organic, and Biochemistry
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Ch. 14 - Each of the following names is wrong. Give the...Ch. 14 - Each of the following names is wrong. Give the...Ch. 14 - Why does hydrogen bonding not take place between...Ch. 14 - Most of the remaining water in washed laboratory...Ch. 14 - The boiling point of propanal is 49C, whereas the...Ch. 14 - Explain why propane boils at 42C, whereas ethanal,...Ch. 14 - Use a dotted line to show hydrogen bonding between...Ch. 14 - Use a dotted line to show hydrogen bonding between...Ch. 14 - Arrange the following compounds in order of...Ch. 14 - The compounds menthone and menthol are fragment...Ch. 14 - Write an equation for the formation of the...Ch. 14 - Write an equation for the formation of the...Ch. 14 - Identify the following structures as hemiacetals,...Ch. 14 - Identify the following structures as hemiacetals,...Ch. 14 - Label each of the following as acetals, ketals, or...Ch. 14 - Label each of the following as acetals, ketals, or...Ch. 14 - Label each of the following structures as a cyclic...Ch. 14 - Label each of the following structures as a...Ch. 14 - What two functional groups react to form the...Ch. 14 - Hemiacetals are sometimes referred to as potential...Ch. 14 - Complete the following statements: a. Oxidation of...Ch. 14 - What observation characterizes a positive Tollens...Ch. 14 - Which of the following compounds will react with...Ch. 14 - Which of the following compounds will react with...Ch. 14 - What is the formula of the precipitate that forms...Ch. 14 - Not all aldehyde give a positve Bendicts test....Ch. 14 - A stockroom assistant prepares three bottles, each...Ch. 14 - Glucose, the sugar present within the blood, gives...Ch. 14 - Fructose, present with glucose in honey, reacts...Ch. 14 - Glucose can exsits as a cyclic hemiacetal because...Ch. 14 - After an intramolcular reaction, fructose forms a...Ch. 14 - Complete the following equations. If no reaction...Ch. 14 - Complete the following equations. If no reaction...Ch. 14 - Describe the products that result when hydrogen...Ch. 14 - Draw structural formulas for the products of the...Ch. 14 - Draw structural formulas for the products of the...Ch. 14 - The following compounds are cyclic acetals or...Ch. 14 - The following compounds are cyclic acetals or...Ch. 14 - Write equations to show how the following...Ch. 14 - Write equations to show how the following...Ch. 14 - Identify the most important aldehyde and ketone...Ch. 14 - Using Table 14.3, name an aldehyde or ketone used...Ch. 14 - Arrange the following compounds starting with the...Ch. 14 - CH3COH(O)CH3COOHacetaldehydeaceticacid You need to...Ch. 14 - The addition of water to aldehydes and ketones...Ch. 14 - Draw the product that would result when...Ch. 14 - Formaldehyde levels above 0.10mg/1000L of ambient...Ch. 14 - In the IUPAC name for the following ketone, it is...Ch. 14 - Why can formaldehyde (CH2O) be prepared in the...Ch. 14 - Other addition reactions of aldehydes occur....Ch. 14 - In the labels of some consumer products, ketone...Ch. 14 - In Figure 14.6, it is noted that acetone is used...Ch. 14 - Vanilla flavoring is either extracted from a...Ch. 14 - The structure of fructose in Exercise 14.39...Ch. 14 - The use of acetone in laboratory experiments must...Ch. 14 - Look ahead to Chapter 17 and locate the structure...Ch. 14 - Identify the functional group designated by each...Ch. 14 - Which of the following would be classified as a...

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