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Chemistry for Today: General, Orga...

9th Edition
Spencer L. Seager + 2 others
ISBN: 9781305960060

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Chapter
Section
BuyFindarrow_forward

Chemistry for Today: General, Orga...

9th Edition
Spencer L. Seager + 2 others
ISBN: 9781305960060
Textbook Problem

Which of the following would be classified as a ketone?

a.

b.

c.

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation:

The correct option corresponding to the compound having a ketone functional group is to be identified.

Concept Introduction:

A carbonyl group has a carbon atom that is connected to an oxygen atom through a double bond and a single bonded to two other carbon atoms respectively.

An aldehyde consists of a carbonyl group that is single bonded to a minimum one hydrogen atom. The structural formula of an aldehyde is RCOH.

A ketone consists of a carbonyl group that is single bonded to two carbon atoms. The structural formula of a ketone is RCOR.

Explanation

Reason for correct answer:

The compounds in option (b) and (c) are 4-hydroxybutan-2-one and propan-2-one. In both the compounds, the carbonyl group is present at the second carbon atom, which is single bonded to two other carbon atoms. So, they are classified as ketone

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