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Introductory Chemistry: A Foundati...

9th Edition
Steven S. Zumdahl + 1 other
ISBN: 9781337399425

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BuyFindarrow_forward

Introductory Chemistry: A Foundati...

9th Edition
Steven S. Zumdahl + 1 other
ISBN: 9781337399425
Textbook Problem
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Consider the iodine monochloride molecule, ICI. Because chlorine is more electronegative than iodine, this molecule is a dipole. How would you expect iodine monochloride molecules in the gaseous state to orient themselves with respect to each other as the sample is cooled and the molecules begin to aggregate? Sketch the orientation you would expect.

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation:

A sketch must be given for iodine monochloride molecules showing the orientation of the dipole.

Concept Introduction:

Molecules possessing permanent dipoles are attracted to each other by a force said to be dipole-dipole interaction. Polar molecules have dipole-dipole interaction.

Explanation

In gaseous state there is no particular orientation due to high kinetic energy of gas molecules.

As shown in the sketch it’s clear that there is positive charge on iodine atom and negative charge on chlorine. So negative pole of the molecule will interact with other molecule’s positive pole. Thus chlorine atom of one molecule will interact with iodine atom of other molecule...

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