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Introductory Chemistry: A Foundati...

9th Edition
Steven S. Zumdahl + 1 other
ISBN: 9781337399425

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BuyFindarrow_forward

Introductory Chemistry: A Foundati...

9th Edition
Steven S. Zumdahl + 1 other
ISBN: 9781337399425
Textbook Problem
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Discuss the types of intermolecular forces acting in the liquid state of each of the following substances.

msp;  a . Xe b .  NH 3 c .  F 2 d .  lCl            

Interpretation Introduction

(a)

Interpretation:

The type of intermolecular forces present in liquid state of xenon molecule must be explained.

Concept Introduction:

Various intermolecular forces are dipole-dipole interaction, ion-dipole interaction, induced dipole −induced dipole interaction.

Dipole-dipole interaction is present in molecules with permanent dipole moment. Positive pole of one dipole interacts with negative pole of another dipole.

In ion dipole interaction one dipole interact with another ion. Out of the two different poles one with opposite charge with respect to the ion interacts.

In non polar molecule induced dipole-induced dipole interaction is present. In this case one dipole is created which induces dipole in nearby non polar molecules.

Explanation

In xenon gas there is very weak forces of attraction. This force is known as Lon...

Interpretation Introduction

(b)

Interpretation:

The type of intermolecular forces present in liquid state of ammonia molecule must be explained.

Concept Introduction:

Various intermolecular forces are dipole-dipole interaction, ion-dipole interaction, induced dipole −induced dipole interaction.

Dipole-dipole interaction is present in molecules with permanent dipole moment. Positive pole of one dipole interacts with negative pole of another dipole.

In ion dipole interaction one dipole interact with another ion. Out of the two different poles one with opposite charge with respect to the ion interacts.

In non-polar molecule induced dipole-induced dipole interaction is present. In this case one dipole is created which induces dipole in nearby non-polar molecules.

Interpretation Introduction

(c)

Interpretation:

The type of intermolecular forces are present in liquid state of fluorine molecule must be explained.

Concept Introduction:

Various intermolecular forces are dipole-dipole interaction, ion-dipole interaction, induced dipole −induced dipole interaction.

Dipole-dipole interaction is present in molecules with permanent dipole moment. Positive pole of one dipole interacts with negative pole of another dipole.

In ion dipole interaction one dipole interact with another ion. Out of the two different poles one with opposite charge with respect to the ion interacts.

In non-polar molecule induced dipole-induced dipole interaction is present. In this case one dipole is created which induces dipole in nearby non-polar molecules.

(d)

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation:

The type of intermolecular forces are present in liquid state of Iodine monochloride molecule must be explained.

Concept Introduction:

Various intermolecular forces are dipole-dipole interaction, ion-dipole interaction, induced dipole −induced dipole interaction.

Dipole-dipole interaction is present in molecules with permanent dipole moment. Positive pole of one dipole interacts with negative pole of another dipole.

In ion dipole interaction one dipole interact with another ion. Out of the two different poles one with opposite charge with respect to the ion interacts.

In non-polar molecule induced dipole-induced dipole interaction is present. In this case one dipole is created which induces dipole in nearby non-polar molecules.

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