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Introductory Chemistry: A Foundati...

9th Edition
Steven S. Zumdahl + 1 other
ISBN: 9781337399425

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BuyFindarrow_forward

Introductory Chemistry: A Foundati...

9th Edition
Steven S. Zumdahl + 1 other
ISBN: 9781337399425
Textbook Problem
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When dry ammonia gas ( NH 3 ) is bubbled into a

msp;  125 mL sample of water, the volume of the sample (initially, at least) decreases slightly. Suggest a reason for this.

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation:

The reason for slight decrease in the volume of sample when dry ammonia gas is bubbled into a 125 mL sample of water should be explained.

Concept Introduction:

Hydrogen bond is formed between the hydrogen and an atom with high electronegativity surrounding the hydrogen. The hydrogen bond can be intermolecular or intramolecular depending if it is formed in between two molecules or within a molecule respectively. The solubility of ammonia gas in water is very high due to strong hydrogen bonding as nitrogen is more electronegative than hydrogen.

Explanation

Given information:

Volume of water is 125 mL in which ammonia gas was bubbled.

Among known common gases ammonia has very high solubility in water. The solubility of ammonia is around 703 cc/mL. This means 1 ml water can dissolve 703 cc ammonia

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