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Chemistry & Chemical Reactivity

10th Edition
John C. Kotz + 3 others
ISBN: 9781337399074

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BuyFindarrow_forward

Chemistry & Chemical Reactivity

10th Edition
John C. Kotz + 3 others
ISBN: 9781337399074
Textbook Problem

Compare the lock-and-key and induced-fit models for substrate binding to an enzyme.

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation:

The two models that describe the binding of substrate to an enzyme that is the lock-and-key model and the induced fit model has to be compared.

Concept introduction:

Enzyme: Enzymes are biological catalyst which their active site binds with the reaction in order to accomplish a reaction. The active site in enzyme is referred to the site where the takes place.

Substrate: The substrate is one which binds with the enzyme.

Lock-and-key model: It is model that describes the binding of substrate with an enzyme where enzyme is considered as lock and the substrate is considered as the key in this model. The particular lock fits only with the correct sized key so as the particular enzyme binds with the particular substrate.

Induced fit model: This also explains the binding of the substrate with the enzyme where the enzyme makes changes itself to fit into the shape of the substrate.

Explanation

The Lock-and-key model describes the binding of substrate with an enzyme where enzyme is considered as lock and the substrate is considered as the key in this model. The particular lock fits only with the correct sized key so as the particular enzyme binds with the particular substrate...

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