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Fossil fuel, nuclear, and hydroelectric power plants all require a transmission network to transport electricity from where it is generated to where it is used. MCFCs, with their smaller size and portability, can be placed much closer to where the power is needed, reducing the need for transmission lines. With this in mind, explain why MCFCs may have a greater advantage for providing power in developing countries versus in developed countries.

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Chemistry In Focus

7th Edition
Tro + 1 other
Publisher: Cengage Learning,
ISBN: 9781337399692

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Chapter
Section
BuyFindarrow_forward

Chemistry In Focus

7th Edition
Tro + 1 other
Publisher: Cengage Learning,
ISBN: 9781337399692
Chapter 14, Problem 44E
Textbook Problem
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Fossil fuel, nuclear, and hydroelectric power plants all require a transmission network to transport electricity from where it is generated to where it is used. MCFCs, with their smaller size and portability, can be placed much closer to where the power is needed, reducing the need for transmission lines. With this in mind, explain why MCFCs may have a greater advantage for providing power in developing countries versus in developed countries.

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation:

The reason why the MCFC have a greater advantage for providing power in developing countries is to be discussed.

Concept Introduction:

The hydrogen-oxygen fuel cell is a device that generates electricity by a chemical reaction between a source fuel and an oxidant.

The molten carbonate fuel cells use potassium carbonate as an electron transfer medium and methane is used as a fuel.

The advantage of the molten carbonate fuel cells is that they have high efficiency.

Explanation of Solution

The molten carbonate fuel cells use potassium carbonate as an electron transfer medium and methane is used as a fuel. The chemical energy is directly converted into electricity without involving intermediate steps in the electrochemical reaction. During these energy conversions, no heat is lost. The advantage of molten carbonate fuel cells is that they have high efficiency. The electricity is generated by the oxidation of methane in the fuel cells, which is more efficient than the methane oxidation in a conventional power plant...

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Chapter 14 Solutions

Chemistry In Focus
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Ch. 14 - Can an oxidation reaction occur without a...Ch. 14 - Why is carbon oxidized in the following reaction...Ch. 14 - Why is bromine reduced in the following reaction...Ch. 14 - What is an oxidizing agent? A reducing agent?Ch. 14 - Name some common oxidizing and reducing agents,...Ch. 14 - Write equations for respiration and...Ch. 14 - Explain how an electrochemical cell works. Include...Ch. 14 - Use chemical equations to explain how an...Ch. 14 - Use chemical equations to describe a Leclanch dry...Ch. 14 - What is a fuel cell? How is it different from a...Ch. 14 - Give a thermodynamic argument for why it is more...Ch. 14 - Use chemical equations to explain how the...Ch. 14 - Use chemical equations to explain how the molten...Ch. 14 - Explain with the help of chemical equations why...Ch. 14 - Explain how each of the following helps prevent...Ch. 14 - How might aging and oxidation be related?Ch. 14 - What are free radicals, and how might they affect...Ch. 14 - What are the chemical similarities among the...Ch. 14 - What are the chemical similarities among the...Ch. 14 - Draw Lewis structures for each chemical reaction,...Ch. 14 - Draw Lewis structures for each chemical reaction,...Ch. 14 - For each reaction, indicate which elements are...Ch. 14 - For each reaction, indicate which elements are...Ch. 14 - For each reaction, indicate which elements are...Ch. 14 - For each reaction, indicate which elements are...Ch. 14 - For each reaction, identify the oxidizing agent...Ch. 14 - For each reaction, identify the oxidizing agent...Ch. 14 - Identify the oxidizing agent and the reducing...Ch. 14 - Identify the oxidizing agent and the reducing...Ch. 14 - Which would you expect to be a better oxidizing...Ch. 14 - Which would you expect to be a better reducing...Ch. 14 - Sum each of the following oxidation and reduction...Ch. 14 - Sum each of the following oxidation and reduction...Ch. 14 - A chemist attempts to protect two pieces of iron...Ch. 14 - A friend tells you that a health-related website...Ch. 14 - Which of the following factors might affect the...Ch. 14 - An engineer suggests using a plastic can instead...Ch. 14 - A molten carbonate fuel cell (MCFC) costs...Ch. 14 - Fossil fuel, nuclear, and hydroelectric power...Ch. 14 - The following diagram shows an electrochemical...Ch. 14 - The following diagram shows a molecular view of...

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