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Introductory Chemistry: A Foundati...

9th Edition
Steven S. Zumdahl + 1 other
ISBN: 9781337399425

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BuyFindarrow_forward

Introductory Chemistry: A Foundati...

9th Edition
Steven S. Zumdahl + 1 other
ISBN: 9781337399425
Textbook Problem
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What are London dispersion force and how do they arise in a nonpolar molecule? Are London forces typically stronger or weaker than dipole-dipole attractions between polar molecules? Are London forces stronger or weaker than covalent bonds? Explain.

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation:

What are London dispersion forces and how do they arrive in non polar molecules must be explained? Whether London forces are typically stronger or weaker with respect to dipole-dipole interaction must also be explained. Whether London forces are stronger or weaker with respect to covalent bonds must be explained.

Concept Introduction:

London force is a weaker force which depends on surface area of molecules.

Explanation

In a non polar molecule sometime a dipole moment is induced due to unequal electronic charge distribution. The induced dipole can now induce another molecule to have a temporary dipole moment. In this way all the molecules in the sample can be arranged in a way such that all the molecules are interacting through induced dipole −induced dipole interaction. This leads to the development of London force. This force depends on surface area of the molecule...

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