Introductory Chemistry: A Foundati...

9th Edition
Steven S. Zumdahl + 1 other
ISBN: 9781337399425



Introductory Chemistry: A Foundati...

9th Edition
Steven S. Zumdahl + 1 other
ISBN: 9781337399425
Textbook Problem

What are London dispersion force and how do they arise in a nonpolar molecule? Are London forces typically stronger or weaker than dipole-dipole attractions between polar molecules? Are London forces stronger or weaker than covalent bonds? Explain.

Interpretation Introduction


What are London dispersion forces and how do they arrive in non polar molecules must be explained? Whether London forces are typically stronger or weaker with respect to dipole-dipole interaction must also be explained. Whether London forces are stronger or weaker with respect to covalent bonds must be explained.

Concept Introduction:

London force is a weaker force which depends on surface area of molecules.


In a non polar molecule sometime a dipole moment is induced due to unequal electronic charge distribution. The induced dipole can now induce another molecule to have a temporary dipole moment. In this way all the molecules in the sample can be arranged in a way such that all the molecules are interacting through induced dipole −induced dipole interaction. This leads to the development of London force. This force depends on surface area of the molecule...

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