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Use Table 13-3 to help answer the following questions. a. Which is the stronger base, ClO 4 − or C 6 H 5 NH 2 ? b. Which is the stronger base, H 2 O or C 6 H 5 NH 2 ? c. Which is the stronger base, OH − or C 6 H 5 NH 2 ? d. Which is the stronger base, C 6 H 5 NH 2 or CH 3 NH 2 ?

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Chemistry

10th Edition
Steven S. Zumdahl + 2 others
Publisher: Cengage Learning
ISBN: 9781305957404

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Chapter
Section
BuyFindarrow_forward

Chemistry

10th Edition
Steven S. Zumdahl + 2 others
Publisher: Cengage Learning
ISBN: 9781305957404
Chapter 14, Problem 88E
Textbook Problem
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Use Table 13-3 to help answer the following questions.

a. Which is the stronger base, ClO4 or C6H5NH2?

b. Which is the stronger base, H2O or C6H5NH2?

c. Which is the stronger base, OH or C6H5NH2?

d. Which is the stronger base, C6H5NH2 or CH3NH2?

(a)

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation: The stronger acid out of the given two alternatives is to be identified using Table 133 .

Concept introduction: A molecule or an ion that is capable of donating a proton or accepting an electron pair in a chemical reaction is known as an acid. The equilibrium constant for the dissociation reaction of a given acid is known as the acid dissociation constant and is denoted by the symbol, Ka .

The acidic strength increases with an increase in the value of Ka .

To identify: The stronger acid out of the given two alternatives.

Explanation of Solution

HClO4 is a type of an acid, whereas C6H5NH3+ is the conjugate acid of C6H5NH2 .

The Ka value of HClO4</

(b)

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation: The stronger acid out of the given two alternatives is to be identified using Table 133 .

Concept introduction: A molecule or an ion that is capable of donating a proton or accepting an electron pair in a chemical reaction is known as an acid. The equilibrium constant for the dissociation reaction of a given acid is known as the acid dissociation constant and is denoted by the symbol, Ka .

The acidic strength increases with an increase in the value of Ka .

To identify: The stronger acid out of the given two alternatives.

(c)

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation: The stronger acid out of the given two alternatives is to be identified using Table 133 .

Concept introduction: A molecule or an ion that is capable of donating a proton or accepting an electron pair in a chemical reaction is known as an acid. The equilibrium constant for the dissociation reaction of a given acid is known as the acid dissociation constant and is denoted by the symbol, Ka .

The acidic strength increases with an increase in the value of Ka .

To identify: The stronger acid out of the given two alternatives.

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Chapter 14 Solutions

Chemistry
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