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Introductory Chemistry: A Foundati...

9th Edition
Steven S. Zumdahl + 1 other
ISBN: 9781337399425

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BuyFindarrow_forward

Introductory Chemistry: A Foundati...

9th Edition
Steven S. Zumdahl + 1 other
ISBN: 9781337399425
Textbook Problem
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Rank the following compounds from lowest to highest boiling point.

msp;  a .  CH 3 CH 2 CH 2 Cl b .  CH 3 CH 2 C1 c .  CH 3 CH 2 CH 2 CH 2 C1 d .  CH 3 Cl

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation:

The four given compounds must be ranked from lowest to highest boiling point.

Concept Introduction:

The temperature at which the external pressure and the vapor pressure of a liquid becomes equal is said to be the boiling point of the liquid.

Explanation

Given information:

CH3Cl,  CH3CH2Cl,  CH3CH2CH2Cl and CH3CH2CH2CH2Cl.

Boiling point increases with increase in Van der Waal forces of attraction.

The given chloroalkanes differ in chain length. With the increase in chain length London force will be increasing as this force depends on surface area.

The surface area of the four chloroalkanes follows the following order

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