BuyFindarrow_forward

Chemistry & Chemical Reactivity

10th Edition
John C. Kotz + 3 others
ISBN: 9781337399074

Solutions

Chapter
Section
BuyFindarrow_forward

Chemistry & Chemical Reactivity

10th Edition
John C. Kotz + 3 others
ISBN: 9781337399074
Textbook Problem

The reaction between ozone and nitrogen dioxide at 231 K is first-order in both [NO2] and [O3].

2 NO2(g) + O3(g) → N2O5(g) + O2(g)

  1. (a) Write the rate equation for the reaction.
  2. (b) If the concentration of NO2 is tripled (and [O3] is not changed), what is the change in the reaction rate?
  3. (c) What is the effect on reaction rate if the concentration of O3 is halved (with no change in [NO2])?

(a)

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation:

The rate equation for the reaction has to be written.

Concept introduction:

Rate law or rate equation: The relationship between the reactant concentrations and reaction rate is expressed by an equation.

  aA + bBxXRate of reaction = k [A]m[B]nTotalorderof reaction = (m + n)

Order of a reaction: The order of a reaction with respect to a particular reactant is the exponent of its concentration term in the rate law expression, and the overall reaction order is the sum of the exponents on all concentration terms.

Rate constant, k: It is a proportionality constant that relates rate and concentration at a given temperature.

Explanation

The rate of the reaction is given as,

  Reaction Rate = k [A]n,where n is the order of the reactant.Givenreaction 2NO2(g)+  O3(g)N2O5(g)+O2<

(b)

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation:

The change in rate of the reaction when the concentration is tripled has to be given.

Concept introduction:

Rate law or rate equation: The relationship between the reactant concentrations and reaction rate is expressed by an equation.

  aA + bBxXRate of reaction = k [A]m[B]nTotalorderof reaction = (m + n)

Order of a reaction: The order of a reaction with respect to a particular reactant is the exponent of its concentration term in the rate law expression, and the overall reaction order is the sum of the exponents on all concentration terms.

Rate constant, k: It is a proportionality constant that relates rate and concentration at a given temperature.

(c)

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation:

The effect on the reaction rate if the concentration of O3 is halved has to be given.

Concept introduction:

Rate law or rate equation: The relationship between the reactant concentrations and reaction rate is expressed by an equation.

  aA + bBxXRate of reaction = k [A]m[B]nTotalorderof reaction = (m + n)

Order of a reaction: The order of a reaction with respect to a particular reactant is the exponent of its concentration term in the rate law expression, and the overall reaction order is the sum of the exponents on all concentration terms.

Rate constant, k: It is a proportionality constant that relates rate and concentration at a given temperature.

Still sussing out bartleby?

Check out a sample textbook solution.

See a sample solution

The Solution to Your Study Problems

Bartleby provides explanations to thousands of textbook problems written by our experts, many with advanced degrees!

Get Started

Chapter 14 Solutions

Show all chapter solutions add

Additional Science Solutions

Find more solutions based on key concepts

Show solutions add

Adolescents are likely to grow out of early disordered eating behaviors by young adulthood. T F

Nutrition: Concepts and Controversies - Standalone book (MindTap Course List)

Expalin the difference between cytosol and cytoplasm in both prokaryotes and eukaryotes.

Biology: The Unity and Diversity of Life (MindTap Course List)

4 Which LDH isozyme is monitored in the case of a heart attack?

Introduction to General, Organic and Biochemistry

How can errors in the cell cycle lead to cancer in humans?

Human Heredity: Principles and Issues (MindTap Course List)

What is the plasma membrane, and what are its main functions?

Biology: The Dynamic Science (MindTap Course List)