   Chapter 14.4, Problem 16E Mathematical Applications for the ...

11th Edition
Ronald J. Harshbarger + 1 other
ISBN: 9781305108042

Solutions

Chapter
Section Mathematical Applications for the ...

11th Edition
Ronald J. Harshbarger + 1 other
ISBN: 9781305108042
Textbook Problem

In Problems 1-16, find each function’s relative maxima, relative minima, and saddle points, if they exist. z = 6 x y − x 3 − y 2

To determine

To calculate: The relative maxima, relative minima, and saddle points of z=6xyx3y2, if they exist.

Explanation

Given Information:

The provided function is z=6xyx3y2.

Formula used:

To calculate relative maxima and minima of the z=f(x,y),

(1) Find the partial derivatives zx and zy.

(2) Find the critical points, that is, the point(s) that satisfy zx=0 and zy=0.

(3) Then find all the second partial derivatives and evaluate the value of D at each critical point, where D=(zxx)(zyy)(zxy)2=2zx22zy2(2zxy)2.

(a) If D>0, then relative minimum occurs if zxx>0 and relative maximum occurs if zxx<0.

(b) If D<0, then neither a relative maximum nor a relative minimum occurs.

For a function f(x,y), the partial derivative of f with respect to x is calculated by taking the derivative of f(x,y) with respect to x and keeping the other variable y constant and the partial derivative of f with respect to y is calculated by taking the derivative of f(x,y) with respect to y and keeping the other variable x constant. The partial derivative of f with respect to x is denoted by fx and with respect to y is denoted by fy.

For a function z(x,y), the second partial derivative,

(1) When both derivatives are taken with respect to x is zxx=2zx2=x(zx).

(2) When both derivatives are taken with respect to y is zyy=2zy2=y(zy).

(3) When first derivative is taken with respect to x and second derivative is taken with respect to y is zxy=2zyx=y(zx).

(4) When first derivative is taken with respect to y and second derivative is taken with respect to x is zyx=2zxy=x(zy).

Power of x rule for a real number n is such that, if f(x)=xn then f(x)=nxn1.

Chain rule for function f(x)=u(v(x)) is f(x)=u(v(x))v(x).

Constant function rule for a constant c is such that, if f(x)=c then f(x)=0.

Coefficient rule for a constant c is such that, if f(x)=cu(x), where u(x) is a differentiable function of x, then f(x)=cu(x).

Calculation:

Consider the function, z=6xyx3y2.

Use the power of x rule for derivatives, the constant function rule, the chain rule, and the coefficient rule,

Thus,

zx=06y3x2=02y=x2y=x22

And,

zy=06x2y=03xy=0

Now, calculate the values of x and y.

Substitute x22 for y in 3xy=0.

3x(x22)=0x(3x2)=0

Simplify it further,

x=0 or x=6

Since, y=x22, thus, when x=0, y=0 and when x=6, y=622=362=18.

Consider the point, (0,0).

Substitute 0 for x and 0 for y in z=6xyx3y2.

z=6xyx3y2=6(0)(0)00=0

Now, consider the point, (6,18)

Still sussing out bartleby?

Check out a sample textbook solution.

See a sample solution

The Solution to Your Study Problems

Bartleby provides explanations to thousands of textbook problems written by our experts, many with advanced degrees!

Get Started

Graph the following points: P(4,2),Q(2,4),R(1,3),S(4,2),T(2,1),U(2,0),V(4,4)

Finite Mathematics and Applied Calculus (MindTap Course List)

Factoring Completely Factor the expression completely. 116. x6 + 64

Precalculus: Mathematics for Calculus (Standalone Book)

Find all values of x such that sin 2x = sin x and 0 x 2.

Single Variable Calculus: Early Transcendentals

n=11n2(n+3)

Calculus: Early Transcendental Functions (MindTap Course List)

For y = x sin x, y = _____. a) x cos x b) x cos x + 1 c) cos x d) x cos x + sin x

Study Guide for Stewart's Single Variable Calculus: Early Transcendentals, 8th 