BuyFindarrow_forward

Chemistry

9th Edition
Steven S. Zumdahl
ISBN: 9781133611097

Solutions

Chapter
Section
BuyFindarrow_forward

Chemistry

9th Edition
Steven S. Zumdahl
ISBN: 9781133611097
Textbook Problem

A buffer solution is prepared by mixing 75.0 mL of 0.275 M fluorobenzoic acid (C7H5O2F) with 55.0 mL of 0.472 M sodium fluorobenzoate. The pKa of this weak acid is 2.90. What is the pH of the buffer solution?

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation: The formation of a buffer solution by the mixing of Fluorobenzoic acid and Sodium fluorobenzoate is given. The value of pH of buffer solution is to be calculated.

Concept introduction: The solution of weak acid and their conjugate base which upon addition of an acid or base resists the change in pH is called buffer solution. The pH of the buffer solution remains constant.

To determine: value of pH of given buffer solution is to be calculated.

Explanation

Explanation

Given

The concentration of Fluorobenzoic acid is 0.275M .

The concentration of Sodium fluorobenzoate is 0.472M .

The volume of Fluorobenzoic acid is 75.0mL .

The volume of Sodium fluorobenzoate is 55.0mL .

The pKa is 2.90 .

The conversion of mL into L is done as,

1mL=0.001L

The conversion of all the given species into L is done as,

75.0mL=75.0×0.001L=0.075L55.0mL=55.0×0.001L=0.055L

The concentration of any species is given as,

Concentration=NumberofmolesVolumeofsolutioninlitres (1)

Rearrange the above equation to obtain the value of number of moles.

Numberofmoles=Concentration×Volumeofsolutioninlitres (2)

Substitute the value of concentration and volume of Fluorobenzoic acid in the equation (2).

Numberofmoles=Concentration×Volumeofsolutioninlitres=0.275M×0.075L=0.021moles

Similarly, substitute the value of concentration and volume of Sodium fluorobenzoate in the equation (2).

Numberofmoles=Concentration×Volumeofsolutioninlitres=0.472M×0.055L=0.026moles

The total volume =VolumeofFluorobenzoicacid+VolumeofSodiumfluorobenzoate=0

Still sussing out bartleby?

Check out a sample textbook solution.

See a sample solution

The Solution to Your Study Problems

Bartleby provides explanations to thousands of textbook problems written by our experts, many with advanced degrees!

Get Started

Chapter 15 Solutions

Show all chapter solutions add

Additional Science Solutions

Find more solutions based on key concepts

Show solutions add

The nervous system sends messages to the glands, telling them what to do. T F

Nutrition: Concepts and Controversies - Standalone book (MindTap Course List)

What is genomics?

Human Heredity: Principles and Issues (MindTap Course List)

Review. A block having mass m and charge + Q is connected to an insulating spring having a force constant k. Th...

Physics for Scientists and Engineers, Technology Update (No access codes included)