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Introductory Chemistry: A Foundati...

9th Edition
Steven S. Zumdahl + 1 other
ISBN: 9781337399425

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BuyFindarrow_forward

Introductory Chemistry: A Foundati...

9th Edition
Steven S. Zumdahl + 1 other
ISBN: 9781337399425
Textbook Problem
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What volume of 0.250 M HCI is required to neutralize each of the following solutions?

a. 25.0 mL of 0.103 M sodium hydroxide, NaOH

b. 50.0 mL of 0.00501 M calcium hydroxide, Ca(OH)2

c. 20.0 mL of 0.226 M ammonia, NH3

d. 15.0 mL of 0.0991 M potassium hydroxide, KOH

Interpretation Introduction

(a)

Interpretation:

The volume of 0.250MHCl required to neutralize 25.0mL of 0.103MNaOH is to be calculated.

Concept Introduction:

Neutralization is the process in which an acid and a base react with each other to give salt and water. The general reaction of acid and base is represented as:

AH+BOHAB+H2O

The molarity of a solution is defined as the number of moles of solute dissolved in one liter of the solution. The formula for molarity is given as:

M=nV

Where,

  • n represents the number of moles of the solute.
  • V represents the volume of the solution.
Explanation

The molarity of the given HCl solution is 0.250M.

The molarity of the given NaOH solution is 0.103M.

The volume of the 0.103MNaOH is 25.0mL.

The neutralization reaction between HCl and NaOH is represented as:

HClaq+NaOHaqNaClaq+H2Ol

The relation between molarities of HCl and NaOH is given as:

M1V1=M2V2

Where,

  • M1 represents the molarity of HCl.
  • V1 represents the volume of HCl.
  • M2 represents the molarity of NaOH
Interpretation Introduction

(b)

Interpretation:

The volume of 0.250MHCl required to neutralize 50.0mL of 0.00501MCaOH2 is to be calculated.

Concept Introduction:

Neutralization is the process in which an acid and a base react with each other to give salt and water. The general reaction of acid and base is represented as:

AH+BOHAB+H2O

The molarity of a solution is defined as the number of moles of solute dissolved in one liter of the solution. The formula for molarity is given as:

M=nV

Where,

  • n represents the number of moles of the solute.
  • V represents the volume of the solution.
Interpretation Introduction

(c)

Interpretation:

The volume of 0.250MHCl required to neutralize 20.0mL of 0.226MNH3 is to be calculated.

Concept Introduction:

Neutralization is the process in which an acid and a base react with each other to give salt and water. The general reaction of acid and base is represented as:

AH+BOHAB+H2O

The molarity of a solution is defined as the number of moles of solute dissolved in one liter of the solution. The formula for molarity is given as:

M=nV

Where,

  • n represents the number of moles of the solute.
  • V represents the volume of the solution.
Interpretation Introduction

(d)

Interpretation:

The volume of 0.250MHCl required to neutralize 15.0mL of 0.0991MKOH is to be calculated.

Concept Introduction:

Neutralization is the process in which an acid and a base react with each other to give salt and water. The general reaction of acid and base is represented as:

AH+BOHAB+H2O

The molarity of a solution is defined as the number of moles of solute dissolved in one liter of the solution. The formula for molarity is given as:

M=nV

Where,

  • n represents the number of moles of the solute.
  • V represents the volume of the solution.

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