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An Introduction to Physical Science

14th Edition
James Shipman + 3 others
Publisher: Cengage Learning
ISBN: 9781305079137

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Chapter
Section
BuyFindarrow_forward

An Introduction to Physical Science

14th Edition
James Shipman + 3 others
Publisher: Cengage Learning
ISBN: 9781305079137
Chapter 15, Problem 14FIB
Textbook Problem
1 views

The Sun reaches its farthest northerly position in the sky on ___. (15.5)

To determine

To fill in the blank: The term used to describe the time when the sun reaches its farthest northerly position in the sky.

Explanation of Solution

The term solstice means “the Sun stands still”. This term is used to denote the day when the highest altitudes for latitudes (that is, above 2312°N ) is reached in the northern hemisphere. This happens on June 21 every year

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Chapter 15 Solutions

An Introduction to Physical Science
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Ch. 15.4 - What would be the latitude of the ship in Example...Ch. 15.4 - Make drawings illustrating the determination of...Ch. 15.5 - What gives rise to the Earths seasons?Ch. 15.5 - Why is our present-day calendar called the...Ch. 15.6 - How long is the Earths precession period?Ch. 15.6 - What is the effect of the Earths precession?Ch. 15 - KEY TERMS 1. Cartesian coordinate system (15.1) 2....Ch. 15 - KEY TERMS 1. Cartesian coordinate system (15.1) 2....Ch. 15 - KEY TERMS 1. Cartesian coordinate system (15.1) 2....Ch. 15 - KEY TERMS 1. Cartesian coordinate system (15.1) 2....Ch. 15 - KEY TERMS 1. Cartesian coordinate system (15.1) 2....Ch. 15 - KEY TERMS 1. Cartesian coordinate system (15.1) 2....Ch. 15 - KEY TERMS 1. Cartesian coordinate system (15.1) 2....Ch. 15 - KEY TERMS 1. Cartesian coordinate system (15.1) 2....Ch. 15 - KEY TERMS 1. Cartesian coordinate system (15.1) 2....Ch. 15 - KEY TERMS 1. Cartesian coordinate system (15.1) 2....Ch. 15 - KEY TERMS 1. Cartesian coordinate system (15.1) 2....Ch. 15 - KEY TERMS 1. Cartesian coordinate system (15.1) 2....Ch. 15 - KEY TERMS 1. Cartesian coordinate system (15.1) 2....Ch. 15 - KEY TERMS 1. Cartesian coordinate system (15.1) 2....Ch. 15 - KEY TERMS 1. Cartesian coordinate system (15.1) 2....Ch. 15 - KEY TERMS 1. Cartesian coordinate system (15.1) 2....Ch. 15 - KEY TERMS 1. Cartesian coordinate system (15.1) 2....Ch. 15 - KEY TERMS 1. Cartesian coordinate system (15.1) 2....Ch. 15 - KEY TERMS 1. Cartesian coordinate system (15.1) 2....Ch. 15 - KEY TERMS 1. Cartesian coordinate system (15.1) 2....Ch. 15 - KEY TERMS 1. Cartesian coordinate system (15.1) 2....Ch. 15 - KEY TERMS 1. Cartesian coordinate system (15.1) 2....Ch. 15 - KEY TERMS 1. Cartesian coordinate system (15.1) 2....Ch. 15 - What must a coordinate system have? (15.1) (a) an...Ch. 15 - Which of the following defines a Cartesian...Ch. 15 - Which of the following is true about latitude?...Ch. 15 - Which of the following is true about longitude?...Ch. 15 - Which of the following is true of meridians?...Ch. 15 - What is the longitude and latitude of the North...Ch. 15 - What is a mean solar day? (15.3) (a) a day that...Ch. 15 - When is the Sun overhead on a persons meridian at...Ch. 15 - How does a solar day compare with a sidereal day?...Ch. 15 - During the month of January, how does the number...Ch. 15 - If the altitude of the Sun is measured to be 25,...Ch. 15 - What is the altitude of the Sun when it is just...Ch. 15 - In early sailing days, what was used to determine...Ch. 15 - Why does the Earth have seasons? (15.5) (a) The...Ch. 15 - Which of the following is true for an observer at...Ch. 15 - From September 22 to March 21, in what direction...Ch. 15 - When does the longest day occur for latitudes...Ch. 15 - Which of the following is true for the Gregorian...Ch. 15 - What can be said about the precession of the...Ch. 15 - What is the approximate period of the Earths...Ch. 15 - A Cartesian coordinate system is also called a(n)...Ch. 15 - Cartesian coordinates (x, y) are referenced to the...Ch. 15 - Circles drawn around the Earth parallel to the...Ch. 15 - A(n) ___ is a circle whose plane passes through...Ch. 15 - A position north or south of the equator is...Ch. 15 - A position east or west of the prime meridian is...Ch. 15 - The international time standard is called a(n)...Ch. 15 - The Earth is divided into ___ time zones. (15.3)Ch. 15 - The conterminous United States has ___ time zones....Ch. 15 - Crossing the International Date Line traveling...Ch. 15 - The angle of the Sun above the horizon is called...Ch. 15 - Latitude can be determined by knowing the date and...Ch. 15 - On a sailing ship with its marine chronometer set...Ch. 15 - The Sun reaches its farthest northerly position in...Ch. 15 - Most of the United States lies above the Tropic of...Ch. 15 - The tropical year is called the year of the ___....Ch. 15 - One of the earliest calendars is based on...Ch. 15 - The Gregorian calendar is based on the position of...Ch. 15 - A year is given as 2010 ce. The ce stands for ___....Ch. 15 - The precession of the Earths axis is much like...Ch. 15 - How is the origin defined in a Cartesian...Ch. 15 - What, on a sphere, is analogous to a...Ch. 15 - State a reference point and then use a...Ch. 15 - What are the minimum and maximum values for...Ch. 15 - What are the reference points for longitude and...Ch. 15 - What are the names of lines of equal (a) longitude...Ch. 15 - What are the latitude and longitude of the...Ch. 15 - At what point on or inside the Earth are...Ch. 15 - Are meridians great circles? Explain.Ch. 15 - Are any parallels great circles? Explain.Ch. 15 - Give the longitude of the central meridian for...Ch. 15 - What do a.m. and p.m. mean? How about GMT and UTC?Ch. 15 - How is the length of the year defined?Ch. 15 - What are two advantages of Daylight Saving Time?...Ch. 15 - Distinguish between a solar day and a sidereal...Ch. 15 - How does the date change when one crosses the IDL?Ch. 15 - Explain why the Sun moves 15/h.Ch. 15 - What simple tool can be used to determine a ships...Ch. 15 - What is your zenith? Distinguish between altitude...Ch. 15 - How were the latitude and longitude of a ship...Ch. 15 - At what latitudes can the noonday Sun be seen...Ch. 15 - On what celestial body is the Babylonian calendar...Ch. 15 - Give the times during the year when a place near...Ch. 15 - Where is the noon Sun directly overhead on (a) the...Ch. 15 - What is the origin of the month?Ch. 15 - Distinguish between the Julian and Gregorian...Ch. 15 - How often is there a leap year in the Gregorian...Ch. 15 - Explain how the circle of illumination changes...Ch. 15 - Which century year will next be a leap year?Ch. 15 - What effect does the precession of the Earths axis...Ch. 15 - What two other solar system bodies are involved to...Ch. 15 - How long does it take the Earths axis to process...Ch. 15 - Visualize the connections and give the answers in...Ch. 15 - When measuring time using a sundial, are you...Ch. 15 - How could an observer in the Northern Hemisphere...Ch. 15 - Is there a place on the Earths surface where 1 of...Ch. 15 - Barrow, Alaska (71N), gets 24 hours of daylight...Ch. 15 - Describe the path of the Sun across the sky at the...Ch. 15 - (a) Can you travel continuously eastward and...Ch. 15 - What is the implication for someone born on...Ch. 15 - Why does a persons zodiac sign change over long...Ch. 15 - What is the number of latitude degrees between...Ch. 15 - What is the number of latitude degrees between...Ch. 15 - What is the number of nautical miles between place...Ch. 15 - What is the number of nautical miles between place...Ch. 15 - What are the latitude and longitude of the point...Ch. 15 - What are the latitude and longitude of the point...Ch. 15 - What are the standard time and date at (40N, 118W)...Ch. 15 - What are the standard time and date at (40N, 110W)...Ch. 15 - When it is 10 p.m. standard time on November 26 in...Ch. 15 - When it is 10 a.m. standard time on February 22 in...Ch. 15 - When it is 12 noon in London, what is the standard...Ch. 15 - When it is 12 noon in London, what is the standard...Ch. 15 - Some military personnel stationed at a base in...Ch. 15 - It is 6 a.m. on July 1 in London (51.5N, 0). What...Ch. 15 - What is the altitude of the Sun for someone in...Ch. 15 - What is the altitude of the Sun for someone in...Ch. 15 - What is the latitude of someone in the United...Ch. 15 - What is the latitude of someone in Europe who sees...Ch. 15 - Determine the month and day when the Sun is at...Ch. 15 - Determine the month and day when the Sun is at...Ch. 15 - At approximately what latitude is the noonday Sun...Ch. 15 - At approximately what latitude is the noonday Sun...Ch. 15 - A ships captain with a sextant measures the...Ch. 15 - Later in the voyage, on March 21, the captain in...Ch. 15 - Shooting the Sun with a sextant, the first mate on...Ch. 15 - On December 7, the first mate on a ship measures...Ch. 15 - The reading taken on a sailing ship shows that on...Ch. 15 - On June 21, the altitude of the noonday Sun is...

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