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General Chemistry - Standalone boo...

11th Edition
Steven D. Gammon + 7 others
ISBN: 9781305580343

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BuyFindarrow_forward

General Chemistry - Standalone boo...

11th Edition
Steven D. Gammon + 7 others
ISBN: 9781305580343
Textbook Problem

a Consider the hydrated aluminum ion Al(H2O)63+ as a Brønsted–Lowry acid. Write the chemical equation in which this ion loses a proton in a reaction with ammonia, NH3. Identify the conjugate acids and bases in this reaction. b Ethanethiol, CH3CH2SH, is a malodorous compound present in petroleum. It is removed from petroleum by reaction with sulfuric acid. Write a chemical equation for this reaction, identifying acid and base conjugates.

(a)

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation:

A chemical equation for the given information has to be written and the conjugate acid, base has to be identified.

Concept introduction:

Acid:

According to Bronsted-Lowry theory, a species which donates a proton in a proton transfer-reaction is said to be an acid.

Base:

According to Bronsted-Lowry theory, a species which accepts a proton in a proton transfer-reaction is said to be base.

Conjugated acid:

In the conjugate acid-base pair, a species which can donates a proton is said to be conjugated acid.

Conjugated base:

In the conjugate acid-base pair, a species which can accepts a proton is said to be conjugated base.

Explanation

The hydrated aluminum ion acts as Bronsted-Lowry acid and it can react with ammonia a Bronsted-Lowry base to produce as mentioned ions in the following reaction.

[Al(H2O)6]3+ + NH3[Al(H2O)5OH]2+ + NH4+acidbase<

(b)

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation:

A chemical equation for the given information has to be written and the conjugate acid, base has to be identified.

Concept introduction:

Acid:

According to Bronsted-Lowry theory, a species which donates a proton in a proton transfer-reaction is said to be an acid.

Base:

According to Bronsted-Lowry theory, a species which accepts a proton in a proton transfer-reaction is said to be base.

Conjugated acid:

In the conjugate acid-base pair, a species which can donates a proton is said to be conjugated acid.

Conjugated base:

In the conjugate acid-base pair, a species which can accepts a proton is said to be conjugated base.

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Chapter 15 Solutions

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Sect-15.8 P-15.8ESect-15.8 P-15.9ESect-15.8 P-15.10ESect-15.8 P-15.4CCCh-15 P-15.1QPCh-15 P-15.2QPCh-15 P-15.3QPCh-15 P-15.4QPCh-15 P-15.5QPCh-15 P-15.6QPCh-15 P-15.7QPCh-15 P-15.8QPCh-15 P-15.9QPCh-15 P-15.10QPCh-15 P-15.11QPCh-15 P-15.12QPCh-15 P-15.13QPCh-15 P-15.14QPCh-15 P-15.15QPCh-15 P-15.16QPCh-15 P-15.17QPCh-15 P-15.18QPCh-15 P-15.19QPCh-15 P-15.20QPCh-15 P-15.21QPCh-15 P-15.22QPCh-15 P-15.23QPCh-15 P-15.24QPCh-15 P-15.25QPCh-15 P-15.26QPCh-15 P-15.27QPCh-15 P-15.28QPCh-15 P-15.29QPCh-15 P-15.30QPCh-15 P-15.31QPCh-15 P-15.32QPCh-15 P-15.33QPCh-15 P-15.34QPCh-15 P-15.35QPCh-15 P-15.36QPCh-15 P-15.37QPCh-15 P-15.38QPCh-15 P-15.39QPCh-15 P-15.40QPCh-15 P-15.41QPCh-15 P-15.42QPCh-15 P-15.43QPCh-15 P-15.44QPCh-15 P-15.45QPCh-15 P-15.46QPCh-15 P-15.47QPCh-15 P-15.48QPCh-15 P-15.49QPCh-15 P-15.50QPCh-15 P-15.51QPCh-15 P-15.52QPCh-15 P-15.53QPCh-15 P-15.54QPCh-15 P-15.55QPCh-15 P-15.56QPCh-15 P-15.57QPCh-15 P-15.58QPCh-15 P-15.59QPCh-15 P-15.60QPCh-15 P-15.61QPCh-15 P-15.62QPCh-15 P-15.63QPCh-15 P-15.64QPCh-15 P-15.65QPCh-15 P-15.66QPCh-15 P-15.67QPCh-15 P-15.68QPCh-15 P-15.69QPCh-15 P-15.70QPCh-15 P-15.71QPCh-15 P-15.72QPCh-15 P-15.73QPCh-15 P-15.74QPCh-15 P-15.75QPCh-15 P-15.76QPCh-15 P-15.77QPCh-15 P-15.78QPCh-15 P-15.79QPCh-15 P-15.80QPCh-15 P-15.81QPCh-15 P-15.82QPCh-15 P-15.83QPCh-15 P-15.84QPCh-15 P-15.85QPCh-15 P-15.86QPCh-15 P-15.87QPCh-15 P-15.88QPCh-15 P-15.89QPCh-15 P-15.90QPCh-15 P-15.91QPCh-15 P-15.92QPCh-15 P-15.93QPCh-15 P-15.94QPCh-15 P-15.95QPCh-15 P-15.96QPCh-15 P-15.97QPCh-15 P-15.98QPCh-15 P-15.99QPCh-15 P-15.100QPCh-15 P-15.101QPCh-15 P-15.102QPCh-15 P-15.103QPCh-15 P-15.104QPCh-15 P-15.105QPCh-15 P-15.106QPCh-15 P-15.107QPCh-15 P-15.108QPCh-15 P-15.109QPCh-15 P-15.110QPCh-15 P-15.111QPCh-15 P-15.112QPCh-15 P-15.113QPCh-15 P-15.114QPCh-15 P-15.115QPCh-15 P-15.116QPCh-15 P-15.117QPCh-15 P-15.118QPCh-15 P-15.119QPCh-15 P-15.120QPCh-15 P-15.121QPCh-15 P-15.122QPCh-15 P-15.123QPCh-15 P-15.124QPCh-15 P-15.125QPCh-15 P-15.126QPCh-15 P-15.127QPCh-15 P-15.128QPCh-15 P-15.129QPCh-15 P-15.130QPCh-15 P-15.131QPCh-15 P-15.132QP

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