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General Chemistry - Standalone boo...

11th Edition
Steven D. Gammon + 7 others
ISBN: 9781305580343

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BuyFindarrow_forward

General Chemistry - Standalone boo...

11th Edition
Steven D. Gammon + 7 others
ISBN: 9781305580343
Textbook Problem

Pure liquid hydrogen fluoride ionizes in a way similar to that of water.

  1. a Write the equilibrium reaction for the auto-ionization of liquid hydrogen fluoride.
  2. b Will sodium fluoride be an acid or a base in liquid hydrogen fluoride? Why?
  3. c Perchloric acid is a strong acid in liquid hydrogen fluoride. Write the chemical equation for the ionization reaction. What is the conjugate acid in this medium?

(a)

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation:

The equilibrium reaction for the given reaction has to be written.

Concept introduction:

Auto-ionization:

Auto ionization is also said to be self-ionization.  The reaction in which two like molecules undergo reactions to produce ions is said to be auto-ionization or self-ionization.

Ionization:

Formation of ions in the form of negative charged and positive charged by losing or gaining electrons is said to be ionization.

Explanation

Hydrogen fluoride dissociates to its corresponding ions by auto-ionization and the chemical equilibrium reaction can be represented as follows.

The equilibrium reaction is 2HF(l) 

(b)

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation:

In the given liquid hydrogen fluoride, sodium fluoride is an acid or a base has to be identified and explained.

Concept introduction:

Auto-ionization:

Auto ionization is also said to be self-ionization.  The reaction in which two like molecules undergo reactions to produce ions is said to be auto-ionization or self-ionization.

Ionization:

Formation of ions in the form of negative charged and positive charged by losing or gaining electrons is said to be ionization.

(c)

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation:

The chemical equation for the given ionization reaction and its conjugate acid has to be written.

Concept introduction:

Auto-ionization:

Auto ionization is also said to be self-ionization.  The reaction in which two like molecules undergo reactions to produce ions is said to be auto-ionization or self-ionization.

Ionization:

Formation of ions in the form of negative charged and positive charged by losing or gaining electrons is said to be ionization.

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Chapter 15 Solutions

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Sect-15.8 P-15.8ESect-15.8 P-15.9ESect-15.8 P-15.10ESect-15.8 P-15.4CCCh-15 P-15.1QPCh-15 P-15.2QPCh-15 P-15.3QPCh-15 P-15.4QPCh-15 P-15.5QPCh-15 P-15.6QPCh-15 P-15.7QPCh-15 P-15.8QPCh-15 P-15.9QPCh-15 P-15.10QPCh-15 P-15.11QPCh-15 P-15.12QPCh-15 P-15.13QPCh-15 P-15.14QPCh-15 P-15.15QPCh-15 P-15.16QPCh-15 P-15.17QPCh-15 P-15.18QPCh-15 P-15.19QPCh-15 P-15.20QPCh-15 P-15.21QPCh-15 P-15.22QPCh-15 P-15.23QPCh-15 P-15.24QPCh-15 P-15.25QPCh-15 P-15.26QPCh-15 P-15.27QPCh-15 P-15.28QPCh-15 P-15.29QPCh-15 P-15.30QPCh-15 P-15.31QPCh-15 P-15.32QPCh-15 P-15.33QPCh-15 P-15.34QPCh-15 P-15.35QPCh-15 P-15.36QPCh-15 P-15.37QPCh-15 P-15.38QPCh-15 P-15.39QPCh-15 P-15.40QPCh-15 P-15.41QPCh-15 P-15.42QPCh-15 P-15.43QPCh-15 P-15.44QPCh-15 P-15.45QPCh-15 P-15.46QPCh-15 P-15.47QPCh-15 P-15.48QPCh-15 P-15.49QPCh-15 P-15.50QPCh-15 P-15.51QPCh-15 P-15.52QPCh-15 P-15.53QPCh-15 P-15.54QPCh-15 P-15.55QPCh-15 P-15.56QPCh-15 P-15.57QPCh-15 P-15.58QPCh-15 P-15.59QPCh-15 P-15.60QPCh-15 P-15.61QPCh-15 P-15.62QPCh-15 P-15.63QPCh-15 P-15.64QPCh-15 P-15.65QPCh-15 P-15.66QPCh-15 P-15.67QPCh-15 P-15.68QPCh-15 P-15.69QPCh-15 P-15.70QPCh-15 P-15.71QPCh-15 P-15.72QPCh-15 P-15.73QPCh-15 P-15.74QPCh-15 P-15.75QPCh-15 P-15.76QPCh-15 P-15.77QPCh-15 P-15.78QPCh-15 P-15.79QPCh-15 P-15.80QPCh-15 P-15.81QPCh-15 P-15.82QPCh-15 P-15.83QPCh-15 P-15.84QPCh-15 P-15.85QPCh-15 P-15.86QPCh-15 P-15.87QPCh-15 P-15.88QPCh-15 P-15.89QPCh-15 P-15.90QPCh-15 P-15.91QPCh-15 P-15.92QPCh-15 P-15.93QPCh-15 P-15.94QPCh-15 P-15.95QPCh-15 P-15.96QPCh-15 P-15.97QPCh-15 P-15.98QPCh-15 P-15.99QPCh-15 P-15.100QPCh-15 P-15.101QPCh-15 P-15.102QPCh-15 P-15.103QPCh-15 P-15.104QPCh-15 P-15.105QPCh-15 P-15.106QPCh-15 P-15.107QPCh-15 P-15.108QPCh-15 P-15.109QPCh-15 P-15.110QPCh-15 P-15.111QPCh-15 P-15.112QPCh-15 P-15.113QPCh-15 P-15.114QPCh-15 P-15.115QPCh-15 P-15.116QPCh-15 P-15.117QPCh-15 P-15.118QPCh-15 P-15.119QPCh-15 P-15.120QPCh-15 P-15.121QPCh-15 P-15.122QPCh-15 P-15.123QPCh-15 P-15.124QPCh-15 P-15.125QPCh-15 P-15.126QPCh-15 P-15.127QPCh-15 P-15.128QPCh-15 P-15.129QPCh-15 P-15.130QPCh-15 P-15.131QPCh-15 P-15.132QP

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