27th Edition
WARREN + 5 others
ISBN: 9781337272094




27th Edition
WARREN + 5 others
ISBN: 9781337272094
Textbook Problem

Valuing trading securities at fair value

On January 1, Valuation Allowance for Trading Investments had a zero balance. On December 31, the cost of the trading securities portfolio was $260,000, and the fair value was $214,000. Prepare the December 31 adjusting journal entry to record the unrealized gain or loss on trading investments.

To determine

Trading securities: These are short-term investments in debt and equity securities with an intention of trading and earning profits due to changes in market prices.

Journal entry: Journal entry is a set of economic events which can be measured in monetary terms. These are recorded chronologically and systematically.

Debit and credit rules:

  • Debit an increase in asset account, increase in expense account, decrease in liability account, and decrease in stockholders’ equity accounts.
  • Credit decrease in asset account, increase in revenue account, increase in liability account, and increase in stockholders’ equity accounts.

To journalize: The year-end valuation of trading securities transaction


  • Unrealized Loss on Trading Investments is an adjustment account used to report gain or loss on adjusting cost of investment at fair market value. Since loss has occurred and losses reduce stockholders’ equity value, and a decrease in stockholders’ equity value is debited.
  • Valuation Allowance for Trading Investments is a contra-asset account. The account is credited because the market price was decreased (loss) to $214,000 from the cost of $260,000.

Working Notes:

Compute the unrealized gain (loss) as on December 31...

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