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Chemistry: An Atoms First Approach

2nd Edition
Steven S. Zumdahl + 1 other
Publisher: Cengage Learning
ISBN: 9781305079243

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BuyFindarrow_forward

Chemistry: An Atoms First Approach

2nd Edition
Steven S. Zumdahl + 1 other
Publisher: Cengage Learning
ISBN: 9781305079243
Chapter 15, Problem 17Q
Textbook Problem
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Silver chloride dissolves readily in 2 M NH3 but is quite insoluble in 2 M NH4NO3. Explain.

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation: The dissolution of Silver chloride in 2M NH3 but its insolubility in 2M NH4NO3 is to be explained.

Concept introduction: The qualitative analysis is used for the detection of ions present in a given solution. The ions have a tendency to give a particular product with a given reagent. This forms the basis for the analysis of given ions.

Explanation of Solution

Explanation

To determine: The dissolution of Silver chloride in 2M NH3 but its insolubility in 2M NH4NO3 .

Silver chloride dissolves readily in 2M NH3 because when Silver chloride reacts with Ammonia, it leads to the formation of [Ag(NH3)2]+ complex

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Chapter 15 Solutions

Chemistry: An Atoms First Approach
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Ch. 15 - Which of the following will affect the total...Ch. 15 - Devise as many ways as you can to experimentally...Ch. 15 - You are browsing through the Handbook of...Ch. 15 - A friend tells you: The constant Ksp of a salt is...Ch. 15 - Explain the following phenomenon: You have a test...Ch. 15 - What happens to the Ksp value of a solid as the...Ch. 15 - Which is more likely to dissolve in an acidic...Ch. 15 - For which of the following is the Ksp value of the...Ch. 15 - Ag2S(s) has a larger molar solubility than CuS...Ch. 15 - Solubility is an equilibrium position, whereas Ksp...Ch. 15 - The salts in Table 15-1, with the possible...Ch. 15 - When Na3PO4(aq) is added to a solution containing...Ch. 15 - The common ion effect for ionic solids (salts) is...Ch. 15 - Sulfide precipitates are generally grouped as...Ch. 15 - List some ways one can increase the solubility of...Ch. 15 - The stepwise formation constants for a complex ion...Ch. 15 - Silver chloride dissolves readily in 2 M NH3 but...Ch. 15 - If a solution contains either Pb2+(aq) or Ag+(aq),...Ch. 15 - Write balanced equations for the dissolution...Ch. 15 - Write balanced equations for the dissolution...Ch. 15 - Use the following data to calculate the Ksp value...Ch. 15 - Use the following data to calculate the Ksp value...Ch. 15 - Approximately 0.14 g nickel(II) hydroxide,...Ch. 15 - The solubility of the ionic compound M2X3, having...Ch. 15 - The concentration of Pb2+ in a solution saturated...Ch. 15 - The concentration of Ag+ in a solution saturated...Ch. 15 - Calculate the solubility of each of the following...Ch. 15 - Calculate the solubility of each of the following...Ch. 15 - Cream of tartar, a common ingredient in cooking,...Ch. 15 - Barium sulfate is a contrast agent for X-ray scans...Ch. 15 - Calculate the molar solubility of Mg(OH)2, Ksp =...Ch. 15 - Calculate the molar solubility of Cd(OH)2, Ksp =...Ch. 15 - Calculate the molar solubility of Al(OH)3, Ksp = 2...Ch. 15 - Calculate the molar solubility of Co(OH)3, Ksp =...Ch. 15 - For each of the following pairs of solids,...Ch. 15 - For each of the following pairs of solids,...Ch. 15 - Calculate the solubility (in moles per liter) of...Ch. 15 - Calculate the solubility of Co(OH)2(s) (Ksp = 2.5 ...Ch. 15 - The Ksp for silver sulfate (Ag2SO4) is 1.2 105....Ch. 15 - The Ksp for lead iodide (PbI2) is 1.4 108....Ch. 15 - Calculate the solubility of solid Ca3(PO4)2 (Ksp =...Ch. 15 - Calculate the solubility of solid Pb3(P04)2 (Ksp =...Ch. 15 - The solubility of Ce(IO3)3 in a 0.20-M KIO3...Ch. 15 - The solubility of Pb(IO3)(s) in a 0.10-M KIO3...Ch. 15 - Which of the substances in Exercises 27 and 28...Ch. 15 - For which salt in each of the following groups...Ch. 15 - What mass of ZnS (Ksp = 2.5 1022) will dissolve...Ch. 15 - The concentration of Mg2+ in seawater is 0.052 M....Ch. 15 - Will a precipitate form when 100.0 mL of 4.0 104...Ch. 15 - A solution contains 1.0 105 M Ag+ and 2.0 106 M...Ch. 15 - A solution is prepared by mixing 100.0 mL of 1.0 ...Ch. 15 - A solution contains 2.0 103 M Ce3+ and 1.0 102 M...Ch. 15 - Calculate the final concentrations of K+(aq),...Ch. 15 - A solution is prepared by mixing 75.0 mL of 0.020...Ch. 15 - A 50.0-mL sample of 0.00200 M AgNO3 is added to...Ch. 15 - A solution is prepared by mixing 50.0 mL of 0.10 M...Ch. 15 - A solution contains 1.0 105 M Na3PO4. What is the...Ch. 15 - The Ksp of Al(OH)3 is 2 1032. At what pH will a...Ch. 15 - A solution is 1 104 M in NaF, Na2S, and Na3PO4....Ch. 15 - A solution contains 0.25 M Ni(NO3)2 and 0.25 M...Ch. 15 - Write equations for the stepwise formation of each...Ch. 15 - Write equations for the stepwise formation of each...Ch. 15 - In the presence of CN, Fe3+ forms the complex ion...Ch. 15 - In the presence of NH3, Cu2+ forms the complex ion...Ch. 15 - When aqueous KI is added gradually to mercury(II)...Ch. 15 - As sodium chloride solution is added to a solution...Ch. 15 - The overall formation constant for HgI42 is 1.0 ...Ch. 15 - A solution is prepared by adding 0.10 mole of...Ch. 15 - A solution is formed by mixing 50.0 mL of 10.0 M...Ch. 15 - A solution is prepared by mixing 100.0 mL of 1.0 ...Ch. 15 - a. Calculate the molar solubility of AgI in pure...Ch. 15 - Solutions of sodium thiosulfate are used to...Ch. 15 - Kf for the complex ion Ag(NH3)2+ is 1.7 107. Ksp...Ch. 15 - The copper(I) ion forms a chloride salt that has...Ch. 15 - A series of chemicals were added to some...Ch. 15 - The solubility of copper(II) hydroxide in water...Ch. 15 - A solution contains 0.018 mole each of I, Br, and...Ch. 15 - You have two salts, AgX and AgY, with very similar...Ch. 15 - Tooth enamel is composed of the mineral...Ch. 15 - The U.S. Public Health Service recommends the...Ch. 15 - What mass of Ca(NO3)2 must be added to 1.0 L of a...Ch. 15 - Calculate the mass of manganese hydroxide present...Ch. 15 - On a hot day, a 200.0-mL sample of a saturated...Ch. 15 - The active ingredient of Pepto-Bismol is the...Ch. 15 - Nanotechnology has become an important field, with...Ch. 15 - The equilibrium constant for the following...Ch. 15 - Calculate the concentration of Pb2+ in each of the...Ch. 15 - Will a precipitate of Cd(OH)2 form if 1.0 mL of...Ch. 15 - a. Using the Ksp value for Cu(OH)2 (1.6 1019) and...Ch. 15 - Describe how you could separate the ions in each...Ch. 15 - The solubility rules outlined in Chapter 6 say...Ch. 15 - In the chapter discussion of precipitate...Ch. 15 - Assuming that the solubility of Ca3(PO4)2(s) is...Ch. 15 - Order the following solids (ad) from least soluble...Ch. 15 - The Ksp for PbI2(s) 1.4 108. Calculate the...Ch. 15 - The solubility of Pb(IO3)2(s) in a 7.2 102-M KIO3...Ch. 15 - A 50.0-mL sample of 0.0413 M AgNO3(aq) is added to...Ch. 15 - The Hg2+ ion forms complex ions with I as...Ch. 15 - The copper(I) ion forms a complex ion with CN...Ch. 15 - Consider a solution made by mixing 500.0 mL of 4.0...Ch. 15 - a. Calculate the molar solubility of AgBr in pure...Ch. 15 - Calculate the equilibrium concentrations of NH3,...Ch. 15 - Calculate the solubility of AgCN(s) (Ksp = 2.2 ...Ch. 15 - Calcium oxalate (CaC2O4) is relatively insoluble...Ch. 15 - What is the maximum possible concentration of Ni2+...Ch. 15 - A mixture contains 1.0 103 M Cu2+ and 1.0 103 M...Ch. 15 - Sodium tripolyphosphate (Na5P3O10) is used in many...Ch. 15 - You add an excess of solid MX in 250g water. You...Ch. 15 - a. Calculate the molar solubility of SrF2 in...Ch. 15 - A solution saturated with a salt of the type M3X2...Ch. 15 - Consider 1.0 L of an aqueous solution that...Ch. 15 - The Ksp for Q, a slightly soluble ionic compound...Ch. 15 - Aluminum ions react with the hydroxide ion to form...

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