   Chapter 15, Problem 17QAP ### Introductory Chemistry: A Foundati...

9th Edition
Steven S. Zumdahl + 1 other
ISBN: 9781337399425

#### Solutions

Chapter
Section ### Introductory Chemistry: A Foundati...

9th Edition
Steven S. Zumdahl + 1 other
ISBN: 9781337399425
Textbook Problem
31 views

# Calculate the mass, in grams, of solute present in each of the following solutions. g of 1.5 1% ammonium chloride solution g of 2.91% sodium chloride solution 31 kg of 4.92% potassium nitrate solution mg of 12.5% ammonium nitrate solution

Interpretation Introduction

(a)

Interpretation:

The mass, in grams, of solute present in the given solution is to be calculated.

Concept Introduction:

Solution is composed of solute and solvent particles. Solute particles are always present in a lower amount as compared to the amount of the solvent in the solution. The solution can be concentrated and diluted on the basis of number of moles of solute present in the particular amount of the solvent. Mass percent is used to describe the quantity of a substance in the solution.

Explanation

It is given that in the given solution of 375g, 1.51% ammonium chloride is added.

The mass, in grams, of solute is calculated by the formula,

Massofsoluteingrams=Massofsolution×%ofsolute100

Substitute the values of mass of solution and % of solute in the above expression

Interpretation Introduction

(b)

Interpretation:

The mass, in grams, of solute present in the given solution is to be calculated.

Concept Introduction:

Solution is composed of solute and solvent particles. Solute particles are always present in a lower amount as compared to the amount of the solvent in the solution. The solution can be concentrated and diluted on the basis of number of moles of solute present in the particular amount of the solvent. Mass percent is used to describe the quantity of a substance in the solution.

Interpretation Introduction

(c)

Interpretation:

The mass, in grams, of solute present in the given solution is to be calculated.

Concept Introduction:

Solution is composed of solute and solvent particles. Solute particles are always present in a lower amount as compared to the amount of the solvent in the solution. The solution can be concentrated and diluted on the basis of number of moles of solute present in the particular amount of the solvent. Mass percent is used to describe the quantity of a substance in the solution.

Interpretation Introduction

(d)

Interpretation:

The mass, in grams, of solute present in the given solution is to be calculated.

Concept Introduction:

Solution is composed of solute and solvent particles. Solute particles are always present in a lower amount as compared to the amount of the solvent in the solution. The solution can be concentrated and diluted on the basis of number of moles of solute present in the particular amount of the solvent. Mass percent is used to describe the quantity of a substance in the solution.

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