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Introductory Chemistry: A Foundati...

9th Edition
Steven S. Zumdahl + 1 other
ISBN: 9781337399425

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Section
BuyFindarrow_forward

Introductory Chemistry: A Foundati...

9th Edition
Steven S. Zumdahl + 1 other
ISBN: 9781337399425
Textbook Problem
20 views

Calculate how many grams of solute and solvent are needed to prepare the following solutions.

g of 3.91% iron(III) chloride solution

g of 11.9% sucrose solution

45 kg of 12.5% sodium chloride solution

g of 15.1% potassium nitrate solution

Interpretation Introduction

(a)

Interpretation:

The grams of solute and solvent needed to prepare the given solution are to be calculated.

Concept Introduction:

Solution is composed of solute and solvent particles. Solute particles are always present in a lower amount as compared to the amount of the solvent in the solution. The solution can be concentrated and diluted on the basis of number of moles of solute present in the particular amount of the solvent. Mass percent is used to describe the quantity of a substance in the solution.

Explanation

It is given that 525g of 3.91% iron(III) chloride solution is prepared.

The grams of solute is calculated by the formula,

Massofsoluteingrams=Massofsolution×%ofsolute100

Substitute the values of mass of solution and % of solute particles in the above expression.

` Massofsoluteingrams=525g×3.91100=20

Interpretation Introduction

(b)

Interpretation:

The grams of solute and solvent needed to prepare the given solution are to be calculated.

Concept Introduction:

Solution is composed of solute and solvent particles. Solute particles are always present in a lower amount as compared to the amount of the solvent in the solution. The solution can be concentrated and diluted on the basis of number of moles of solute present in the particular amount of the solvent. Mass percent is used to describe the quantity of a substance in the solution.

Interpretation Introduction

(c)

Interpretation:

The grams of solute and solvent needed to prepare the given solution are to be calculated.

Concept Introduction:

Solution is composed of solute and solvent particles. Solute particles are always present in a lower amount as compared to the amount of the solvent in the solution. The solution can be concentrated and diluted on the basis of number of moles of solute present in the particular amount of the solvent. Mass percent is used to describe the quantity of a substance in the solution.

Interpretation Introduction

(d)

Interpretation:

The grams of solute and solvent needed to prepare the given solution are to be calculated.

Concept Introduction:

Solution is composed of solute and solvent particles. Solute particles are always present in a lower amount as compared to the amount of the solvent in the solution. The solution can be concentrated and diluted on the basis ofnumber of moles of solute present in the particular amount of the solvent. Mass percent is used to describe the quantity of a substance in the solution.

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Chapter 15 Solutions

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Sect-15.8 P-15.10SCSect-15.8 P-15.11SCCh-15 P-1ALQCh-15 P-2ALQCh-15 P-3ALQCh-15 P-4ALQCh-15 P-5ALQCh-15 P-6ALQCh-15 P-7ALQCh-15 P-8ALQCh-15 P-9ALQCh-15 P-10ALQCh-15 P-11ALQCh-15 P-12ALQCh-15 P-13ALQCh-15 P-14ALQCh-15 P-1QAPCh-15 P-2QAPCh-15 P-3QAPCh-15 P-4QAPCh-15 P-5QAPCh-15 P-6QAPCh-15 P-7QAPCh-15 P-8QAPCh-15 P-9QAPCh-15 P-10QAPCh-15 P-11QAPCh-15 P-12QAPCh-15 P-13QAPCh-15 P-14QAPCh-15 P-15QAPCh-15 P-16QAPCh-15 P-17QAPCh-15 P-18QAPCh-15 P-19QAPCh-15 P-20QAPCh-15 P-21QAPCh-15 P-22QAPCh-15 P-23QAPCh-15 P-24QAPCh-15 P-25QAPCh-15 P-26QAPCh-15 P-27QAPCh-15 P-28QAPCh-15 P-29QAPCh-15 P-30QAPCh-15 P-31QAPCh-15 P-32QAPCh-15 P-33QAPCh-15 P-34QAPCh-15 P-35QAPCh-15 P-36QAPCh-15 P-37QAPCh-15 P-38QAPCh-15 P-39QAPCh-15 P-40QAPCh-15 P-41QAPCh-15 P-42QAPCh-15 P-43QAPCh-15 P-44QAPCh-15 P-45QAPCh-15 P-46QAPCh-15 P-47QAPCh-15 P-48QAPCh-15 P-49QAPCh-15 P-50QAPCh-15 P-51QAPCh-15 P-52QAPCh-15 P-53QAPCh-15 P-54QAPCh-15 P-55QAPCh-15 P-56QAPCh-15 P-57QAPCh-15 P-58QAPCh-15 P-59QAPCh-15 P-60QAPCh-15 P-61QAPCh-15 P-62QAPCh-15 P-63QAPCh-15 P-64QAPCh-15 P-65QAPCh-15 P-66QAPCh-15 P-67QAPCh-15 P-68QAPCh-15 P-69QAPCh-15 P-70QAPCh-15 P-71QAPCh-15 P-72QAPCh-15 P-73QAPCh-15 P-74QAPCh-15 P-75QAPCh-15 P-76QAPCh-15 P-77QAPCh-15 P-78QAPCh-15 P-79QAPCh-15 P-80QAPCh-15 P-81QAPCh-15 P-82QAPCh-15 P-83QAPCh-15 P-84QAPCh-15 P-85QAPCh-15 P-86QAPCh-15 P-87QAPCh-15 P-88QAPCh-15 P-89APCh-15 P-90APCh-15 P-91APCh-15 P-92APCh-15 P-93APCh-15 P-94APCh-15 P-95APCh-15 P-96APCh-15 P-97APCh-15 P-98APCh-15 P-99APCh-15 P-100APCh-15 P-101APCh-15 P-102APCh-15 P-103APCh-15 P-104APCh-15 P-105APCh-15 P-106APCh-15 P-107APCh-15 P-108APCh-15 P-109APCh-15 P-110APCh-15 P-111APCh-15 P-112APCh-15 P-113APCh-15 P-114APCh-15 P-115APCh-15 P-116APCh-15 P-117APCh-15 P-118APCh-15 P-119APCh-15 P-120APCh-15 P-121APCh-15 P-122APCh-15 P-123APCh-15 P-124APCh-15 P-125APCh-15 P-126APCh-15 P-127APCh-15 P-128APCh-15 P-129APCh-15 P-130APCh-15 P-131APCh-15 P-132APCh-15 P-133APCh-15 P-134APCh-15 P-135APCh-15 P-136APCh-15 P-137CPCh-15 P-138CPCh-15 P-139CPCh-15 P-140CPCh-15 P-141CPCh-15 P-142CPCh-15 P-143CPCh-15 P-1CRCh-15 P-2CRCh-15 P-3CRCh-15 P-4CRCh-15 P-5CRCh-15 P-6CRCh-15 P-7CRCh-15 P-8CRCh-15 P-9CRCh-15 P-10CRCh-15 P-11CRCh-15 P-12CRCh-15 P-13CRCh-15 P-14CRCh-15 P-15CRCh-15 P-16CRCh-15 P-17CRCh-15 P-18CRCh-15 P-19CRCh-15 P-20CRCh-15 P-21CRCh-15 P-22CRCh-15 P-23CRCh-15 P-24CRCh-15 P-25CRCh-15 P-26CRCh-15 P-27CRCh-15 P-28CRCh-15 P-29CRCh-15 P-30CRCh-15 P-31CRCh-15 P-32CRCh-15 P-33CRCh-15 P-34CRCh-15 P-35CRCh-15 P-36CRCh-15 P-37CRCh-15 P-38CRCh-15 P-39CRCh-15 P-40CRCh-15 P-41CRCh-15 P-42CR

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