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StatisticsEssentials of Statistics for the Behavioral SciencesIn a study similar to one conducted by Fallon and Rozin (1985). a psychologist prepared a set of silhouettes showing different female body shapes ranging from somewhat thin to somewhat heavy and asked a group of women to indicate which body figure they thought men would consider the most attractive. Then a group of men were shown the same set of profiles and asked which image they considered the most attractive. The following hypothetical data show the number of individuals who selected each of the four body image profiles. a. Do the data indicate a significant difference between the actual preferences for the men and the preferences predicted by the women? Test at the .05 level of significance. b. Compute the phi-coefficient to measure the strength of the relationship. Body Image Profiles Somewhat Thin Slightly Thin Slightly Heavy Somewhat Heavy Women 29 25 IK 8 80 Men 11 15 22 12 60 40 40 40 20BuyFind*arrow_forward*

8th Edition

Frederick J Gravetter + 1 other

Publisher: Cengage Learning

ISBN: 9781133956570

Chapter 15, Problem 19P

Textbook Problem

In a study similar to one conducted by Fallon and Rozin (1985). a psychologist prepared a set of silhouettes showing different female body shapes ranging from somewhat thin to somewhat heavy and asked a group of women to indicate which body figure they thought men would consider the most attractive. Then a group of men were shown the same set of profiles and asked which image they considered the most attractive. The following hypothetical data show the number of individuals who selected each of the four body image profiles.

**a.** Do the data indicate a significant difference between the actual preferences for the men and the preferences predicted by the women? Test at the .05 level of significance.

**b.** Compute the phi-coefficient to measure the strength of the relationship.

Body Image Profiles | |||||

Somewhat Thin | Slightly Thin | Slightly Heavy | Somewhat Heavy | ||

Women | 29 | 25 | IK | 8 | 80 |

Men | 11 | 15 | 22 | 12 | 60 |

40 | 40 | 40 | 20 |

Essentials of Statistics for the Behavioral Sciences

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