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Organic And Biological Chemistry

7th Edition
STOKER + 1 other
ISBN: 9781305081079

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Chapter
Section
BuyFindarrow_forward

Organic And Biological Chemistry

7th Edition
STOKER + 1 other
ISBN: 9781305081079
Textbook Problem

Which of the following is an incorrect structural representation for an alkane that contains a chain of five carbon atoms?

  1. a. C—C—C—C—C
  2. b. CH3—CH2—CH2—CH2—CH3
  3. c. CH3—(CH2)4—CH3
  4. d. no correct response

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation:

The incorrect structural representation of an alkane with a chain of five carbon atoms has to be identified from the given set of options.

Concept Introduction:

The organic compounds can be represented in two-dimensional structural format known as Structural Formula.  From this we can identify the bonding between various atoms present in the molecule.  Condensed structural formula and expanded structural formula are two types of structural formulas.

Expanded structural formula is the one in which all the atoms in molecule and all bonds connecting the atoms are shown clearly.  If a molecule is represented using expanded structural formula means more space will be occupied.

Organic And Biological Chemistry, Chapter 1.5, Problem 2QQ , additional homework tip  1

Condensed structural formula basically uses grouping of atoms.  The central atom and the atoms that are connected to them are considered as groups and they are written.  This is a very short hand representation of structural formula.

Organic And Biological Chemistry, Chapter 1.5, Problem 2QQ , additional homework tip  2

Skeletal structural formula is also used in organic chemistry to represent the structure of a compound.  This is same as the condensed structural formula, where the bonding between the carbon atoms is only shown and not the hydrogen atoms that is attached to the carbon atom.

Explanation

Reason for correct option:

The problem statement reads that the alkane contains five carbon atoms.  On considering the given structural representation as shown below,

    Given representation CH3(CH2)4CH3MolecularFormula C6H14

The total number of carbon atoms in the given representation is found to be six

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