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College Physics

11th Edition
Raymond A. Serway + 1 other
ISBN: 9781305952300

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BuyFindarrow_forward

College Physics

11th Edition
Raymond A. Serway + 1 other
ISBN: 9781305952300
Textbook Problem

Each of the following statements is related to conductors in electrostatic equilibrium. Choose the words that make each statement correct. (i) The net charge is always zero [(a) inside; (b) on] the surface of an isolated conductor. (ii) The electric field is always zero [(c) inside; (d) just outside] a perfect conductor. (iii) The charge density on the surface of an isolated, charged conductor is highest where the surface is [(e) sharpest; (f) smoothest].

(i)

To determine
The net charge of a conductor.

Explanation

Electric field inside the isolated conductor is always zero. From Gauss’s law,

SE.dS=qinsideε0 (I)

  • E is the electric field.
  • S is any closed surface.
  • qinside is the charge inside the Gaussian surface

(ii)

To determine
The electric field of a conductor.

(iii)

To determine
The charge density on the surface of a conductor.

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