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College Accounting, Chapters 1-27

23rd Edition
HEINTZ + 1 other
ISBN: 9781337794756

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Chapter
Section
BuyFindarrow_forward

College Accounting, Chapters 1-27

23rd Edition
HEINTZ + 1 other
ISBN: 9781337794756
Textbook Problem

FINANCIAL RATIOS Use the work sheet and financial statements prepared in Problem 15-8B. All sales are credit sales. The Accounts Receivable balance on January 1 was $38,200.

REQUIRED

Prepare the following financial ratios:

  1. (a) Working capital
  2. (b) Current ratio
  3. (c) Quick ratio
  4. (d) Return on owner’s equity
  5. (e) Accounts receivable turnover and the average number of days required to collect receivables
  6. (f) Inventory turnover and the average number of days required to sell inventory

To determine

Prepare the following financial ratios.

  1. (a) Working capital
  2. (b) Current ratio
  3. (c) Quick ratio
  4. (d) Return on owner’s equity
  5. (e) Accounts receivable turnover and average number of days require to collect receivables.
  6. (f) Inventory turnover and average number of days required to sell inventory
Explanation

Ratio analysis: The analysis of a company using the financial ratios and comparing its trends and measure its performance within the company and the companies of the industry is known as ratio analysis. The main categories of ratio analyses are liquidity ratios, profitability ratios, activity ratios, and leverage ratios.

(a)

Compute working capital.

Working capital =Current assets Current liabilites=$86,650 $43,420=$43,230

(b)

Compute current ratio.

Current ratio =Current assetsCurrent liabilities=$86,650$43,420=2.0to1

(c)

Compute quick ratio.

Quick ratio =Quick assetsCurrent liabilites=($10,180+26,420)$43,420=0.84to 1

(d)

Compute return on owners’ equity.

Return on owners' equity=Net incomeAverage owners' equity=$17,130($50,000+$67,330)2=$17,130$58,665=29.2%

(e)

Compute accounts receivable turnover

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