Chapter 15.4, Problem 30E

BuyFind*arrow_forward*

8th Edition

James Stewart

ISBN: 9781285741550

Textbook Problem

(a) A lamp has two bulbs, each of a type with average lifetime 1000 hours. Assuming that we can model the probability of failure of a bulb by an exponential density function with mean µ = 1000, find the probability that both of the lamp’s bulbs fail within 1000 hours.

(b) Another lamp has just one bulb of the same type as in part (a). If one bulb bums out and is replaced by a bulb of the same type, find the probability that the two bulbs fail within a total of 1000 hours.

(a)

To determine

**To find:** The probability of both the bulb fail within 1000 hours.

Explanation

**Given:**

The lifetime of each bulb has an exponential density function and each bulb has an average lifetime of 1000 hours.

**Formula used:**

If

**Calculation:**

The exponential density function is,

Let *X* and *Y* be the independent random variable which denotes the two bulbs of the lamp. Therefore, the exponential density function of each bulb is,

The probability that both the bulbs fails within 1000 hours is denoted by,

Obtain

(b)

To determine

**To find:** The probability of two bulbs fail within a total of 1000 hours.

Sect-15.1 P-1ESect-15.1 P-2ESect-15.1 P-3ESect-15.1 P-4ESect-15.1 P-5ESect-15.1 P-6ESect-15.1 P-7ESect-15.1 P-8ESect-15.1 P-9ESect-15.1 P-10E

Sect-15.1 P-11ESect-15.1 P-12ESect-15.1 P-13ESect-15.1 P-14ESect-15.1 P-15ESect-15.1 P-16ESect-15.1 P-17ESect-15.1 P-18ESect-15.1 P-19ESect-15.1 P-20ESect-15.1 P-21ESect-15.1 P-22ESect-15.1 P-23ESect-15.1 P-24ESect-15.1 P-25ESect-15.1 P-26ESect-15.1 P-27ESect-15.1 P-28ESect-15.1 P-29ESect-15.1 P-30ESect-15.1 P-31ESect-15.1 P-32ESect-15.1 P-33ESect-15.1 P-34ESect-15.1 P-35ESect-15.1 P-36ESect-15.1 P-37ESect-15.1 P-38ESect-15.1 P-39ESect-15.1 P-40ESect-15.1 P-41ESect-15.1 P-42ESect-15.1 P-43ESect-15.1 P-44ESect-15.1 P-47ESect-15.1 P-48ESect-15.1 P-49ESect-15.1 P-50ESect-15.1 P-52ESect-15.2 P-1ESect-15.2 P-2ESect-15.2 P-3ESect-15.2 P-4ESect-15.2 P-5ESect-15.2 P-6ESect-15.2 P-7ESect-15.2 P-8ESect-15.2 P-9ESect-15.2 P-10ESect-15.2 P-11ESect-15.2 P-12ESect-15.2 P-13ESect-15.2 P-14ESect-15.2 P-15ESect-15.2 P-16ESect-15.2 P-17ESect-15.2 P-18ESect-15.2 P-19ESect-15.2 P-20ESect-15.2 P-21ESect-15.2 P-22ESect-15.2 P-23ESect-15.2 P-24ESect-15.2 P-25ESect-15.2 P-26ESect-15.2 P-27ESect-15.2 P-28ESect-15.2 P-29ESect-15.2 P-30ESect-15.2 P-31ESect-15.2 P-32ESect-15.2 P-33ESect-15.2 P-34ESect-15.2 P-35ESect-15.2 P-36ESect-15.2 P-37ESect-15.2 P-38ESect-15.2 P-39ESect-15.2 P-40ESect-15.2 P-45ESect-15.2 P-46ESect-15.2 P-47ESect-15.2 P-48ESect-15.2 P-49ESect-15.2 P-50ESect-15.2 P-51ESect-15.2 P-52ESect-15.2 P-53ESect-15.2 P-54ESect-15.2 P-55ESect-15.2 P-56ESect-15.2 P-57ESect-15.2 P-58ESect-15.2 P-59ESect-15.2 P-60ESect-15.2 P-61ESect-15.2 P-62ESect-15.2 P-63ESect-15.2 P-64ESect-15.2 P-65ESect-15.2 P-66ESect-15.2 P-67ESect-15.2 P-68ESect-15.2 P-69ESect-15.3 P-1ESect-15.3 P-2ESect-15.3 P-3ESect-15.3 P-4ESect-15.3 P-5ESect-15.3 P-6ESect-15.3 P-7ESect-15.3 P-8ESect-15.3 P-9ESect-15.3 P-10ESect-15.3 P-11ESect-15.3 P-12ESect-15.3 P-13ESect-15.3 P-14ESect-15.3 P-15ESect-15.3 P-16ESect-15.3 P-17ESect-15.3 P-18ESect-15.3 P-19ESect-15.3 P-20ESect-15.3 P-21ESect-15.3 P-22ESect-15.3 P-23ESect-15.3 P-24ESect-15.3 P-25ESect-15.3 P-26ESect-15.3 P-27ESect-15.3 P-28ESect-15.3 P-29ESect-15.3 P-30ESect-15.3 P-31ESect-15.3 P-32ESect-15.3 P-33ESect-15.3 P-34ESect-15.3 P-35ESect-15.3 P-36ESect-15.3 P-37ESect-15.3 P-38ESect-15.3 P-39ESect-15.3 P-40ESect-15.3 P-41ESect-15.4 P-1ESect-15.4 P-2ESect-15.4 P-3ESect-15.4 P-4ESect-15.4 P-5ESect-15.4 P-6ESect-15.4 P-7ESect-15.4 P-8ESect-15.4 P-9ESect-15.4 P-10ESect-15.4 P-11ESect-15.4 P-12ESect-15.4 P-13ESect-15.4 P-14ESect-15.4 P-15ESect-15.4 P-16ESect-15.4 P-17ESect-15.4 P-18ESect-15.4 P-19ESect-15.4 P-20ESect-15.4 P-21ESect-15.4 P-22ESect-15.4 P-23ESect-15.4 P-24ESect-15.4 P-27ESect-15.4 P-28ESect-15.4 P-29ESect-15.4 P-30ESect-15.4 P-32ESect-15.4 P-33ESect-15.5 P-1ESect-15.5 P-2ESect-15.5 P-3ESect-15.5 P-4ESect-15.5 P-5ESect-15.5 P-6ESect-15.5 P-7ESect-15.5 P-8ESect-15.5 P-9ESect-15.5 P-10ESect-15.5 P-11ESect-15.5 P-12ESect-15.5 P-13ESect-15.5 P-14ESect-15.5 P-21ESect-15.5 P-22ESect-15.5 P-23ESect-15.5 P-24ESect-15.6 P-1ESect-15.6 P-2ESect-15.6 P-3ESect-15.6 P-4ESect-15.6 P-5ESect-15.6 P-6ESect-15.6 P-7ESect-15.6 P-8ESect-15.6 P-9ESect-15.6 P-10ESect-15.6 P-11ESect-15.6 P-12ESect-15.6 P-13ESect-15.6 P-14ESect-15.6 P-15ESect-15.6 P-16ESect-15.6 P-17ESect-15.6 P-18ESect-15.6 P-19ESect-15.6 P-20ESect-15.6 P-21ESect-15.6 P-22ESect-15.6 P-25ESect-15.6 P-26ESect-15.6 P-27ESect-15.6 P-28ESect-15.6 P-29ESect-15.6 P-30ESect-15.6 P-31ESect-15.6 P-32ESect-15.6 P-33ESect-15.6 P-34ESect-15.6 P-35ESect-15.6 P-36ESect-15.6 P-37ESect-15.6 P-38ESect-15.6 P-39ESect-15.6 P-40ESect-15.6 P-41ESect-15.6 P-42ESect-15.6 P-43ESect-15.6 P-44ESect-15.6 P-45ESect-15.6 P-46ESect-15.6 P-47ESect-15.6 P-48ESect-15.6 P-51ESect-15.6 P-52ESect-15.6 P-53ESect-15.6 P-54ESect-15.7 P-1ESect-15.7 P-2ESect-15.7 P-3ESect-15.7 P-4ESect-15.7 P-5ESect-15.7 P-6ESect-15.7 P-7ESect-15.7 P-8ESect-15.7 P-9ESect-15.7 P-10ESect-15.7 P-11ESect-15.7 P-12ESect-15.7 P-13ESect-15.7 P-14ESect-15.7 P-15ESect-15.7 P-16ESect-15.7 P-17ESect-15.7 P-18ESect-15.7 P-19ESect-15.7 P-20ESect-15.7 P-21ESect-15.7 P-22ESect-15.7 P-23ESect-15.7 P-24ESect-15.7 P-25ESect-15.7 P-26ESect-15.7 P-27ESect-15.7 P-28ESect-15.7 P-29ESect-15.7 P-30ESect-15.7 P-31ESect-15.8 P-1ESect-15.8 P-2ESect-15.8 P-3ESect-15.8 P-4ESect-15.8 P-5ESect-15.8 P-6ESect-15.8 P-7ESect-15.8 P-8ESect-15.8 P-9ESect-15.8 P-10ESect-15.8 P-11ESect-15.8 P-12ESect-15.8 P-13ESect-15.8 P-14ESect-15.8 P-15ESect-15.8 P-16ESect-15.8 P-17ESect-15.8 P-18ESect-15.8 P-19ESect-15.8 P-20ESect-15.8 P-21ESect-15.8 P-22ESect-15.8 P-23ESect-15.8 P-24ESect-15.8 P-25ESect-15.8 P-26ESect-15.8 P-27ESect-15.8 P-28ESect-15.8 P-29ESect-15.8 P-30ESect-15.8 P-31ESect-15.8 P-32ESect-15.8 P-33ESect-15.8 P-34ESect-15.8 P-35ESect-15.8 P-36ESect-15.8 P-37ESect-15.8 P-38ESect-15.8 P-41ESect-15.8 P-42ESect-15.8 P-43ESect-15.8 P-44ESect-15.8 P-45ESect-15.8 P-46ESect-15.8 P-48ESect-15.8 P-49ESect-15.9 P-1ESect-15.9 P-2ESect-15.9 P-3ESect-15.9 P-4ESect-15.9 P-5ESect-15.9 P-6ESect-15.9 P-7ESect-15.9 P-8ESect-15.9 P-9ESect-15.9 P-10ESect-15.9 P-11ESect-15.9 P-12ESect-15.9 P-13ESect-15.9 P-14ESect-15.9 P-15ESect-15.9 P-16ESect-15.9 P-17ESect-15.9 P-18ESect-15.9 P-19ESect-15.9 P-20ESect-15.9 P-21ESect-15.9 P-22ESect-15.9 P-23ESect-15.9 P-24ESect-15.9 P-25ESect-15.9 P-26ESect-15.9 P-27ESect-15.9 P-28ECh-15 P-1RCCCh-15 P-2RCCCh-15 P-3RCCCh-15 P-4RCCCh-15 P-5RCCCh-15 P-6RCCCh-15 P-7RCCCh-15 P-8RCCCh-15 P-9RCCCh-15 P-10RCCCh-15 P-1RQCh-15 P-2RQCh-15 P-3RQCh-15 P-4RQCh-15 P-5RQCh-15 P-6RQCh-15 P-7RQCh-15 P-8RQCh-15 P-9RQCh-15 P-1RECh-15 P-2RECh-15 P-3RECh-15 P-4RECh-15 P-5RECh-15 P-6RECh-15 P-7RECh-15 P-8RECh-15 P-9RECh-15 P-10RECh-15 P-11RECh-15 P-12RECh-15 P-13RECh-15 P-14RECh-15 P-15RECh-15 P-16RECh-15 P-17RECh-15 P-18RECh-15 P-19RECh-15 P-20RECh-15 P-21RECh-15 P-22RECh-15 P-23RECh-15 P-24RECh-15 P-25RECh-15 P-26RECh-15 P-27RECh-15 P-28RECh-15 P-29RECh-15 P-30RECh-15 P-31RECh-15 P-32RECh-15 P-33RECh-15 P-34RECh-15 P-35RECh-15 P-36RECh-15 P-37RECh-15 P-38RECh-15 P-39RECh-15 P-40RECh-15 P-41RECh-15 P-42RECh-15 P-43RECh-15 P-44RECh-15 P-45RECh-15 P-47RECh-15 P-48RECh-15 P-49RECh-15 P-51RECh-15 P-52RECh-15 P-53RECh-15 P-54RECh-15 P-55RECh-15 P-56RECh-15 P-57RECh-15 P-58RECh-15 P-59RECh-15 P-60RECh-15 P-1PCh-15 P-2PCh-15 P-3PCh-15 P-4PCh-15 P-5PCh-15 P-6PCh-15 P-7PCh-15 P-8PCh-15 P-9PCh-15 P-10PCh-15 P-11PCh-15 P-12PCh-15 P-13P

Multivariable Calculus

Calculus: An Applied Approach (MindTap Course List)

Calculus (MindTap Course List)

Single Variable Calculus: Early Transcendentals, Volume I

Calculus: Early Transcendental Functions

Finite Mathematics and Applied Calculus (MindTap Course List)

Precalculus: Mathematics for Calculus (Standalone Book)

Essentials Of Statistics

Essentials of Statistics for The Behavioral Sciences (MindTap Course List)

Calculus (MindTap Course List)

Statistics for The Behavioral Sciences (MindTap Course List)

Single Variable Calculus

Applied Calculus for the Managerial, Life, and Social Sciences: A Brief Approach

Finite Mathematics

Understanding Basic Statistics

Probability and Statistics for Engineering and the Sciences

Contemporary Mathematics for Business & Consumers

Elementary Technical Mathematics

Mathematical Excursions (MindTap Course List)

Elementary Geometry For College Students, 7e

Intermediate Algebra

Mathematical Applications for the Management, Life, and Social Sciences

Single Variable Calculus: Early Transcendentals

Calculus of a Single Variable

Calculus: Early Transcendental Functions (MindTap Course List)

Trigonometry (MindTap Course List)

Elements Of Modern Algebra

Study Guide for Stewart's Multivariable Calculus, 8th

Study Guide for Stewart's Single Variable Calculus: Early Transcendentals, 8th

Elementary Geometry for College Students

Finite Mathematics for the Managerial, Life, and Social Sciences