   Chapter 16, Problem 101AP ### Introductory Chemistry: A Foundati...

9th Edition
Steven S. Zumdahl + 1 other
ISBN: 9781337399425

#### Solutions

Chapter
Section ### Introductory Chemistry: A Foundati...

9th Edition
Steven S. Zumdahl + 1 other
ISBN: 9781337399425
Textbook Problem
3 views

# . Calculate the hydrogen ion concentration, in moles per liter, for solutions with each of the following pH values. a. pH = 8.34 b. pH = 5.90 c. pH = 2.65 d. pH = 12.6

Interpretation Introduction

(a)

Interpretation:

The hydrogen ion concentration should be calculated.

Concept Introduction:

The concentration of hydrogen ions in a solution determines the acidity of a solution. If concentration of hydrogen ion is more than the solution is more acetic, if it is low, solution is less acidic.

The pH of solution is defined as negative log of hydrogen ion concentration thus, it can be calculated as follows:

pH=logH+

Here, H+ is concentration of hydrogen ion.

Similarly, pOH of a solution is defined as negative log of hydroxide ion concentration thus, it can be calculated as follows:

pOH=logOH

Here, OH is concentration of hydroxide ion.

pH and pOH of a solution are related to each other as follows:

pH+pOH=14

In a pH scale, if the value of pH is below 7 the solution is said to be acidic in nature, if the pH value is above 7 it is said to be basic in nature. At pH 7, the solution is neutral.

Explanation

Given Information:

The pH of solution is 8.34

Calculation:

From the pH of solution, hydrogen ion concentration can be calculated as follows:

pH=logH+

Rearranging,

H+=10pH</

Interpretation Introduction

(b)

Interpretation:

The hydrogen ion concentration should be calculated.

Concept Introduction:

The concentration of hydrogen ions in a solution determines the acidity of a solution. If concentration of hydrogen ion is more than the solution is more acetic, if it is low, solution is less acidic.

The pH of solution is defined as negative log of hydrogen ion concentration thus, it can be calculated as follows:

pH=logH+

Here, H+ is concentration of hydrogen ion.

Similarly, pOH of a solution is defined as negative log of hydroxide ion concentration thus, it can be calculated as follows:

pOH=logOH

Here, OH is concentration of hydroxide ion.

pH and pOH of a solution are related to each other as follows:

pH+pOH=14

In a pH scale, if the value of pH is below 7 the solution is said to be acidic in nature, if the pH value is above 7 it is said to be basic in nature. At pH 7, the solution is neutral.

Interpretation Introduction

(c)

Interpretation:

The hydrogen ion concentration should be calculated.

Concept Introduction:

The concentration of hydrogen ions in a solution determines the acidity of a solution. If concentration of hydrogen ion is more than the solution is more acetic, if it is low, solution is less acidic.

The pH of solution is defined as negative log of hydrogen ion concentration thus, it can be calculated as follows:

pH=logH+

Here, H+ is concentration of hydrogen ion.

Similarly, pOH of a solution is defined as negative log of hydroxide ion concentration thus, it can be calculated as follows:

pOH=logOH

Here, OH is concentration of hydroxide ion.

pH and pOH of a solution are related to each other as follows:

pH+pOH=14

In a pH scale, if the value of pH is below 7 the solution is said to be acidic in nature, if the pH value is above 7 it is said to be basic in nature. At pH 7, the solution is neutral.

Interpretation Introduction

(d)

Interpretation:

The hydrogen ion concentration should be calculated.

Concept Introduction:

The concentration of hydrogen ions in a solution determines the acidity of a solution. If concentration of hydrogen ion is more than the solution is more acetic, if it is low, solution is less acidic.

The pH of solution is defined as negative log of hydrogen ion concentration thus, it can be calculated as follows:

pH=logH+

Here, H+ is concentration of hydrogen ion.

Similarly, pOH of a solution is defined as negative log of hydroxide ion concentration thus, it can be calculated as follows:

pOH=logOH

Here, OH is concentration of hydroxide ion.

pH and pOH of a solution are related to each other as follows:

pH+pOH=14

In a pH scale, if the value of pH is below 7 the solution is said to be acidic in nature, if the pH value is above 7 it is said to be basic in nature. At pH 7, the solution is neutral.

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