BuyFindarrow_forward

Introductory Chemistry: A Foundati...

9th Edition
Steven S. Zumdahl + 1 other
ISBN: 9781337399425

Solutions

Chapter
Section
BuyFindarrow_forward

Introductory Chemistry: A Foundati...

9th Edition
Steven S. Zumdahl + 1 other
ISBN: 9781337399425
Textbook Problem
4 views

. Consider 0.25 M solutions of the following salts: NaCl. RbOC1, KI, Ba(ClO4),, and NH4NO3. For each salt, indicate whether the solution is acidic, basic, or neutral.

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation:

Considering 0.25 M solutions of the salts: NaCl, RbOCl, KI, Ba(ClO4 )2 and NH4 NO3, whether the solution is acidic, basic or neutral should be indicated.

Concept Introduction:

When a salt is dissolved in water, it reacts with water to produce H3 O+ and OH-. This is called Hydrolysis reaction. Based on the strength of ion acts as acid or base, the pH of the solution varies. A salt can be made either by reacting strong acid, strong base or weak acid, strong base or strong acid, weak base or weak acid, weak base.

Salts that are made from strong acid strong base do not undergo hydrolysis. So the pH will remain neutral at 7. Salts that are from weak acids and strong base undergo hydrolysis and give a pH greater than 7 which is basic. Salts from strong acids and weak bases undergo hydrolysis and give a pH less than 7 which is acidic. Salts from weak acids and weak bases also undergo hydrolysis, but in order to find the pH of the solution we have to consider the dissociation constants of the acid and the base. Whichever the stronger will determine whether it is acidic or basic.

Explanation

NaCl is made from the strong base NaOH and strong acid HCl. So the NaCl solution is neutral. Na+ does not alter the H+ concentration and Cl- does not attract H+ from water.

RbOCl is made from the strong base RbOH and weak acid HOCl. So the RbOCl solution is basic. The anion in the salt OCl- will accept proton from the water leaving OH-.

KI is made from the strong base KOH and strong acid HI. So the KI solution is neutral. K+ does not alter H+ concentration and I- does not attract protons from the water.

Ba(ClO4 )2 is made from strong base Ba(OH)2 and strong acid HClO4...

Still sussing out bartleby?

Check out a sample textbook solution.

See a sample solution

The Solution to Your Study Problems

Bartleby provides explanations to thousands of textbook problems written by our experts, many with advanced degrees!

Get Started

Chapter 16 Solutions

Show all chapter solutions add
Ch-16 P-2ALQCh-16 P-3ALQCh-16 P-4ALQCh-16 P-5ALQCh-16 P-6ALQCh-16 P-7ALQCh-16 P-8ALQCh-16 P-9ALQCh-16 P-10ALQCh-16 P-11ALQCh-16 P-12ALQCh-16 P-13ALQCh-16 P-14ALQCh-16 P-15ALQCh-16 P-16ALQCh-16 P-17ALQCh-16 P-1QAPCh-16 P-2QAPCh-16 P-3QAPCh-16 P-4QAPCh-16 P-5QAPCh-16 P-6QAPCh-16 P-7QAPCh-16 P-8QAPCh-16 P-9QAPCh-16 P-10QAPCh-16 P-11QAPCh-16 P-12QAPCh-16 P-13QAPCh-16 P-14QAPCh-16 P-15QAPCh-16 P-16QAPCh-16 P-17QAPCh-16 P-18QAPCh-16 P-19QAPCh-16 P-20QAPCh-16 P-21QAPCh-16 P-22QAPCh-16 P-23QAPCh-16 P-24QAPCh-16 P-25QAPCh-16 P-26QAPCh-16 P-27QAPCh-16 P-28QAPCh-16 P-29QAPCh-16 P-30QAPCh-16 P-31QAPCh-16 P-32QAPCh-16 P-33QAPCh-16 P-34QAPCh-16 P-35QAPCh-16 P-36QAPCh-16 P-37QAPCh-16 P-38QAPCh-16 P-39QAPCh-16 P-40QAPCh-16 P-41QAPCh-16 P-42QAPCh-16 P-43QAPCh-16 P-44QAPCh-16 P-45QAPCh-16 P-46QAPCh-16 P-47QAPCh-16 P-48QAPCh-16 P-49QAPCh-16 P-50QAPCh-16 P-51QAPCh-16 P-52QAPCh-16 P-53QAPCh-16 P-54QAPCh-16 P-55QAPCh-16 P-56QAPCh-16 P-57QAPCh-16 P-58QAPCh-16 P-59QAPCh-16 P-60QAPCh-16 P-61QAPCh-16 P-62QAPCh-16 P-63QAPCh-16 P-64QAPCh-16 P-65APCh-16 P-66APCh-16 P-67APCh-16 P-68APCh-16 P-69APCh-16 P-70APCh-16 P-71APCh-16 P-72APCh-16 P-73APCh-16 P-74APCh-16 P-75APCh-16 P-76APCh-16 P-77APCh-16 P-78APCh-16 P-79APCh-16 P-80APCh-16 P-81APCh-16 P-82APCh-16 P-83APCh-16 P-84APCh-16 P-85APCh-16 P-86APCh-16 P-87APCh-16 P-88APCh-16 P-89APCh-16 P-90APCh-16 P-91APCh-16 P-92APCh-16 P-93APCh-16 P-94APCh-16 P-95APCh-16 P-96APCh-16 P-97APCh-16 P-98APCh-16 P-99APCh-16 P-100APCh-16 P-101APCh-16 P-102APCh-16 P-103APCh-16 P-104APCh-16 P-105APCh-16 P-106CPCh-16 P-107CPCh-16 P-108CP

Additional Science Solutions

Find more solutions based on key concepts

Show solutions add

In this nation, stringent controls make it difficult to obtain a bogus nutrition credential. T F

Nutrition: Concepts and Controversies - Standalone book (MindTap Course List)

25-61 Why is replication called semiconservative?

Introduction to General, Organic and Biochemistry

A charge of 170 C is at the center of a cube of edge 80.0 cm. No other charges are nearby. (a) Find the flux th...

Physics for Scientists and Engineers, Technology Update (No access codes included)

How is the Coriolis effect involved in equatorial upwelling?

Oceanography: An Invitation To Marine Science, Loose-leaf Versin