Chapter 16, Problem 11QAP

### Introductory Chemistry: A Foundati...

9th Edition
Steven S. Zumdahl + 1 other
ISBN: 9781337399425

Chapter
Section

### Introductory Chemistry: A Foundati...

9th Edition
Steven S. Zumdahl + 1 other
ISBN: 9781337399425
Textbook Problem
3 views

# . Write the conjugate acid for each of the following bases: a. PO 4 3- b. IO 3 - c. NO 3 - d. NH 2 -

Interpretation Introduction

(a)

Interpretation:

The conjugate acid for the base should be determined.

Concept Introduction:

Acid is defined as a substance that gives hydrogen ion/s in the aqueous solution. Similarly, base is a substance that gives hydroxide ions in the aqueous solution. When an acid gives its hydrogen ion, conjugate base is formed and when a base gives its hydroxide ion, conjugate acid is formed.

For example, if HA is an acid, the reaction for formation of conjugate base will be as follows:

HAH++A

Here, A is conjugate base.

Similarly, if BOH is a base, the reaction for formation of conjugate acid will be as follows:

BOHB++OH

Here, B+ is conjugate acid.

Thus, a conjugate base can accept hydrogen ion and conjugate base can accept hydroxide ion.

Explanation

The given base is PO43. Since, it is a base thus; it can accept hydrogen ion and conjugate acid of the given base can be formed as follows:

PO43

Interpretation Introduction

(b)

Interpretation:

The conjugate acid for the base should be determined.

Concept Introduction:

Acid is defined as a substance that gives hydrogen ion/s in the aqueous solution. Similarly, base is a substance that gives hydroxide ions in the aqueous solution. When an acid gives its hydrogen ion, conjugate base is formed and when a base gives its hydroxide ion, conjugate acid is formed.

For example, if HA is an acid, the reaction for formation of conjugate base will be as follows:

HAH++A

Here, A is conjugate base.

Similarly, if BOH is a base, the reaction for formation of conjugate acid will be as follows:

BOHB++OH

Here, B+ is conjugate acid.

Thus, a conjugate base can accept hydrogen ion and conjugate base can accept hydroxide ion.

Interpretation Introduction

(c)

Interpretation:

The conjugate acid for the base should be determined.

Concept Introduction:

Acid is defined as a substance that gives hydrogen ion/s in the aqueous solution. Similarly, base is a substance that gives hydroxide ions in the aqueous solution. When an acid gives its hydrogen ion, conjugate base is formed and when a base gives its hydroxide ion, conjugate acid is formed.

For example, if HA is an acid, the reaction for formation of conjugate base will be as follows:

HAH++A

Here, A is conjugate base.

Similarly, if BOH is a base, the reaction for formation of conjugate acid will be as follows:

BOHB++OH

Here, B+ is conjugate acid.

Thus, a conjugate base can accept hydrogen ion and conjugate base can accept hydroxide ion.

Interpretation Introduction

(d)

Interpretation:

The conjugate acid for the base should be determined.

Concept Introduction:

Acid is defined as a substance that gives hydrogen ion/s in the aqueous solution. Similarly, base is a substance that gives hydroxide ions in the aqueous solution. When an acid gives its hydrogen ion, conjugate base is formed and when a base gives its hydroxide ion, conjugate acid is formed.

For example, if HA is an acid, the reaction for formation of conjugate base will be as follows:

HAH++A

Here, A is conjugate base.

Similarly, if BOH is a base, the reaction for formation of conjugate acid will be as follows:

BOHB++OH

Here, B+ is conjugate acid.

Thus, a conjugate base can accept hydrogen ion and conjugate base can accept hydroxide ion.

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