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Introductory Chemistry: A Foundati...

9th Edition
Steven S. Zumdahl + 1 other
ISBN: 9781337399425

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BuyFindarrow_forward

Introductory Chemistry: A Foundati...

9th Edition
Steven S. Zumdahl + 1 other
ISBN: 9781337399425
Textbook Problem
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. You mix a solution of a strong acid with a pH of 4 and an equal volume of a strong acid solution with a pH of 6. Is the final pH less than 4, between 4 and 5, 5, between 5 and 6, or greater than 6? Explain.

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation:

Final pH of a acid solution after mixing a solution of strong acid with a pH of 4 and an equal volume of a strong acid solution with a pH of 6 should be calculated.

Concept Introduction:

The [H+ ] in an aqueous solution is typically small, using the p scale in the form of pH scale provides a convenient way to represent solution’s acidity.

The pH is defined as pH = - log [H+]

So [H+] = antilog [- pH].

Explanation

[H+ ] of strong acid with pH 4 = antilog [- pH]

= antilog [-4]

= 1×104 M

[H+ ] of strong acid with pH 6 = antilog [- pH]

= antilog [-6]

= 1×106 M

Total [H+ ] in final solution =

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