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Match the terms with the most suitable description. ____ lineage a. measured in terms of reproductive success ____ half-Life b. geologic change occurs continuously ____ fossils c. geologic change occurs in unusual major events ____ natural selection d. evidence of life in the distant past ____ fitness e. survival of the fittest ____ uniformitarianism f. characteristic of a radioisotope ____ catastrophism g. a line of descent

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Biology: The Unity and Diversity o...

15th Edition
Cecie Starr + 3 others
Publisher: Cengage Learning
ISBN: 9781337408332

Solutions

Chapter
Section
BuyFindarrow_forward

Biology: The Unity and Diversity o...

15th Edition
Cecie Starr + 3 others
Publisher: Cengage Learning
ISBN: 9781337408332
Chapter 16, Problem 15SQ
Textbook Problem
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Match the terms with the most suitable description.

____ lineage a. measured in terms of reproductive success
____ half-Life b. geologic change occurs continuously
____ fossils c. geologic change occurs in unusual major events
____ natural selection d. evidence of life in the distant past
____ fitness e. survival of the fittest
____ uniformitarianism f. characteristic of a radioisotope
____ catastrophism g. a line of descent

Summary Introduction

To match: Each term with their suitable description.

Explanation of Solution

Lineage: g. a line of descent. 

A lineage is a continuous line of descent from the progenitor to the descendent.

Half-life: f. characteristic of a radioisotope.

Half-life is the time taken for one-half of atoms of radioactive isotope to decay, which is a characteristic of a radioisotope.

Fossils: d. evidence of life in the distant past.

Fossils are the traces and leftovers of organisms that lived during the ancient times. The majority of the fossils consist of teeth, seeds, shells, mineralized bones, spores of the ancient organism. Also, the impression of the foot prints, burrows, nests, eggshells, trails, or feces can collectively contribute to the evidence of life during the ancient times.

Natural selection: e. survival of the fittest.

Natural selection is one of the fundamental mechanisms in the evolution. Natural selection is a process where an organism survives an adverse condition by adapting to it. The evolutionary theory proposed by Darwin explained the mechanisms of natural selection using a phrase called “survival of the fittest”. It explains that in a mixed population, the organisms that have a greater adapting ability will survive and reproduce. An adaptive trait can increase the fitness.

Fitness: a. measured in terms of reproductive success...

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