Science

ChemistryPrinciples of Instrumental Analysis(a) Interpretation: The excited-state and the ground-state population ratios for HCI: N ( v = 1 ) / N ( v = 0 ) is to be calculated. Concept introduction: The excited-state of an atom, molecule or electron is a state in which the electrons have sufficient energy to jump in to another orbital. The ground-state is the state of zero energy level. In this state the electron does not have sufficient energy to jump from the orbital. The Boltzmann equation is used to calculate the ratio of the exited-state and ground state. The concept of the energy difference between these states is also used to calculate the required ratio.Start your trial now! First week only $4.99!*arrow_forward*

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7th Edition

Douglas A. Skoog + 2 others

Publisher: Cengage Learning

ISBN: 9781305577213

Chapter 16, Problem 16.11QAP

Interpretation Introduction

**(a)**

**Interpretation:**

The excited-state and the ground-state population ratios for HCI:

**Concept introduction:**

The excited-state of an atom, molecule or electron is a state in which the electrons have sufficient energy to jump in to another orbital. The ground-state is the state of zero energy level. In this state the electron does not have sufficient energy to jump from the orbital.

The Boltzmann equation is used to calculate the ratio of the exited-state and ground state. The concept of the energy difference between these states is also used to calculate the required ratio.

Interpretation Introduction

**(b)**

**Interpretation:**

The excited-state and the ground-state population ratios for HCI:

**Concept introduction:**

The excited-state of an atom, molecule or electron is a state in which the electrons have sufficient energy to jump in to another orbital. The ground-state is the state of zero energy level. In this state the electron does not have sufficient energy to jump from the orbital.

The Boltzmann equation is used to calculate the ratio of the exited-state and ground state. The concept of the energy difference between these states is also used to calculate the required ratio.