In a 0.080 M solution, what percent of the is present as has to be calculated.
Strong base and weak base:
Strong base dissociates into its constituent ions fully. It produces more of hydroxide ions while dissolved in water. Weak bases partially dissociates into its constituent ions.
According to Bronsted-Lowry, strong base is a good proton acceptor whereas weak base is a poor proton acceptor
Since, the ionization of a weak base is incomplete, it is treated in the same way as the ionization of a weak acid.
The ionization of a weak base is given by the below equation.
The equilibrium expression for the ionization of weak base will be,
is base ionization constant,
is concentration of hydroxide ion
is concentration of conjugate acid
is concentration of the base
A quantitative measure of the degree of ionization is percent ionization.
For a weak, base percent ionization can be calculated as follows,
To Calculate: The percent of the is present as in the given solution