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CHEMISTRY: ATOMS FIRST VOL 1 W/CON...

14th Edition
Burdge
ISBN: 9781259327933

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FindFindarrow_forward

CHEMISTRY: ATOMS FIRST VOL 1 W/CON...

14th Edition
Burdge
ISBN: 9781259327933
Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation:

The pH of the given 1-L solution containing 0.150 mole of CH3COOH and 0.100 mole of HCl has to be calculated

Concept Information:

Acid ionization constant Ka :

Acids ionize in water. Strong acids ionize completely whereas weak acids ionize to some limited extent.

The degree to which a weak acid ionizes depends on the concentration of the acid and the equilibrium constant for the ionization.

The ionization of a weak acid HA can be given as follows,

HA(aq)H+(aq)+A-(aq)

The equilibrium expression for the above reaction is given below.

Ka=[H+][A-][HA]

Where Ka is acid ionization constant,

[H+]   is concentration of hydrogen ion

[A-]   is concentration of acid anion

[HA] is concentration of the acid

pH definition:

The concentration of hydrogen ion is measured using pH scale. The acidity of aqueous solution is expressed by pH scale.

The pH of a solution is defined as the negative base-10 logarithm of the hydrogen or hydronium ion concentration.

pH=-log[H+]

To Calculate: The pH of the given 1-L solution containing 0.150 mole of CH3COOH and 0.100 mole of HCl

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