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CHEMISTRY: ATOMS FIRST VOL 1 W/CON...

14th Edition
Burdge
ISBN: 9781259327933

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Chapter
Section
FindFindarrow_forward

CHEMISTRY: ATOMS FIRST VOL 1 W/CON...

14th Edition
Burdge
ISBN: 9781259327933

(a)

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation:

The given species has to be classified as weak or strong acid

Concept Information:

Strong acids and weak acids:

In strong acids, the ionization of acid is complete.  This implies that the concentration of the hydrogen ion or hydronium ion will be equal to the initial concentration of the acid at equilibrium.

The ionization in weak acid is limited to some extent.  Weak acids does not undergo complete ionization.

The strong and weak acid can be classified based on the following:

  • strong acids have low pH value whereas weak acids have high pH value
  • When the Ka is large, it indicates strong acid
  • When the Ka is small, it indicates weak acid
  • If bond strength decreases, acid strength increases

To Classify: HNO3 is a strong or weak acid

(b)

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation:

The given species has to be classified as weak or strong acid

Concept Information:

Strong acids and weak acids:

In strong acids, the ionization of acid is complete.  This implies that the concentration of the hydrogen ion or hydronium ion will be equal to the initial concentration of the acid at equilibrium.

The ionization in weak acid is limited to some extent.  Weak acids does not undergo complete ionization.

The strong and weak acid can be classified based on the following:

  • strong acids have low pH value whereas weak acids have high pH value
  • When the Ka is large, it indicates strong acid
  • When the Ka is small, it indicates weak acid
  • If bond strength decreases, acid strength increases

To Classify: HF is a strong or weak acid

(c)

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation:

The given species has to be classified as weak or strong acid

Concept Information:

Strong acids and weak acids:

In strong acids, the ionization of acid is complete.  This implies that the concentration of the hydrogen ion or hydronium ion will be equal to the initial concentration of the acid at equilibrium.

The ionization in weak acid is limited to some extent.  Weak acids does not undergo complete ionization.

The strong and weak acid can be classified based on the following:

  • strong acids have low pH value whereas weak acids have high pH value
  • When the Ka is large, it indicates strong acid
  • When the Ka is small, it indicates weak acid
  • If bond strength decreases, acid strength increases

To Classify: H2SO4 is a strong or weak acid

(d)

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation:

The given species has to be classified as weak or strong acid

Concept Information:

Strong acids and weak acids:

In strong acids, the ionization of acid is complete.  This implies that the concentration of the hydrogen ion or hydronium ion will be equal to the initial concentration of the acid at equilibrium.

The ionization in weak acid is limited to some extent.  Weak acids does not undergo complete ionization.

The strong and weak acid can be classified based on the following:

  • strong acids have low pH value whereas weak acids have high pH value
  • When the Ka is large, it indicates strong acid
  • When the Ka is small, it indicates weak acid
  • If bond strength decreases, acid strength increases

To Classify: HSO4- is a strong or weak acid

(e)

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation:

The given species has to be classified as weak or strong acid

Concept Information:

Strong acids and weak acids:

In strong acids, the ionization of acid is complete.  This implies that the concentration of the hydrogen ion or hydronium ion will be equal to the initial concentration of the acid at equilibrium.

The ionization in weak acid is limited to some extent.  Weak acids does not undergo complete ionization.

The strong and weak acid can be classified based on the following:

  • strong acids have low pH value whereas weak acids have high pH value
  • When the Ka is large, it indicates strong acid
  • When the Ka is small, it indicates weak acid
  • If bond strength decreases, acid strength increases

To Classify: H2CO3 is a strong or weak acid

(f)

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation:

The given species has to be classified as weak or strong acid

Concept Information:

Strong acids and weak acids:

In strong acids, the ionization of acid is complete.  This implies that the concentration of the hydrogen ion or hydronium ion will be equal to the initial concentration of the acid at equilibrium.

The ionization in weak acid is limited to some extent.  Weak acids does not undergo complete ionization.

The strong and weak acid can be classified based on the following:

  • strong acids have low pH value whereas weak acids have high pH value
  • When the Ka is large, it indicates strong acid
  • When the Ka is small, it indicates weak acid
  • If bond strength decreases, acid strength increases

To Classify: HCO-3 is a strong or weak acid

(g)

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation:

The given species has to be classified as weak or strong acid

Concept Information:

Strong acids and weak acids:

In strong acids, the ionization of acid is complete.  This implies that the concentration of the hydrogen ion or hydronium ion will be equal to the initial concentration of the acid at equilibrium.

The ionization in weak acid is limited to some extent.  Weak acids does not undergo complete ionization.

The strong and weak acid can be classified based on the following:

  • strong acids have low pH value whereas weak acids have high pH value
  • When the Ka is large, it indicates strong acid
  • When the Ka is small, it indicates weak acid
  • If bond strength decreases, acid strength increases

To Classify: HCl is a strong or weak acid

(h)

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation:

The given species has to be classified as weak or strong acid

Concept Information:

Strong acids and weak acids:

In strong acids, the ionization of acid is complete.  This implies that the concentration of the hydrogen ion or hydronium ion will be equal to the initial concentration of the acid at equilibrium.

The ionization in weak acid is limited to some extent.  Weak acids does not undergo complete ionization.

The strong and weak acid can be classified based on the following:

  • strong acids have low pH value whereas weak acids have high pH value
  • When the Ka is large, it indicates strong acid
  • When the Ka is small, it indicates weak acid
  • If bond strength decreases, acid strength increases

To Classify: HCN is a strong or weak acid

(i)

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation:

The given species has to be classified as weak or strong acid

Concept Information:

Strong acids and weak acids:

In strong acids, the ionization of acid is complete.  This implies that the concentration of the hydrogen ion or hydronium ion will be equal to the initial concentration of the acid at equilibrium.

The ionization in weak acid is limited to some extent.  Weak acids does not undergo complete ionization.

The strong and weak acid can be classified based on the following:

  • strong acids have low pH value whereas weak acids have high pH value
  • When the Ka is large, it indicates strong acid
  • When the Ka is small, it indicates weak acid
  • If bond strength decreases, acid strength increases

To Classify: HNO2 is a strong or weak acid

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