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Introductory Chemistry: A Foundati...

9th Edition
Steven S. Zumdahl + 1 other
ISBN: 9781337399425

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BuyFindarrow_forward

Introductory Chemistry: A Foundati...

9th Edition
Steven S. Zumdahl + 1 other
ISBN: 9781337399425
Textbook Problem
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. How is the strength of an acid related to the fact that a competition for protons exists in aqueous solution between water molecules and the anion of the acid?

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation:

How the strength of an acid related to the fact that a competition for protons exists in an aqueous solution between water molecules and the anion of the acid should be explained?

Concept Introduction:

When an acid dissolves in water, a proton is transferred from the acid to water. (Forward reaction)

HA(aq)+H2O(l)H3O+(aq)+A-(aq)

In this reaction conjugate acid H3 O+ and conjugate base A- is produced. This conjugate acid and conjugate base can react with each other. (Backward reaction)

H3O+(aq)+A-(aq)HA(aq)+H2O(l)

This reaction reforms the acid and water.

Therefore the reaction can occur in both directions; Forward and reverse directions.

HA(aq)+ H2OH3O+(aq)+ A-(aq)

Products of the forward reaction are the reactants of reverse reaction.

Explanation

Given information:

When an acid dissolves in water, a proton is transferred from the acid to water. (Forward reaction)

HA(aq)+H2O(l)H3O+(aq)+A-(aq)

In this reaction conjugate acid H3 O+ and conjugate base A- is produced. This conjugate acid and conjugate base can react with each other. (Backward reaction)

H3O+(aq)+A-(aq)HA(aq)+H2O(l)

This reaction reforms the acid and water.

Therefore the reaction can occur in both directions; Forward and reverse directions.

HA(aq)+ H2OH3O+(aq)+ A-(aq)

Products of the forward reaction are the reactants of reverse reaction

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