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Understanding Nutrition (MindTap C...

15th Edition
Eleanor Noss Whitney + 1 other
Publisher: Cengage Learning
ISBN: 9781337392693
BuyFind

Understanding Nutrition (MindTap C...

15th Edition
Eleanor Noss Whitney + 1 other
Publisher: Cengage Learning
ISBN: 9781337392693

Solutions

Chapter
Section
Chapter 16, Problem 1ACTQ
Textbook Problem
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How does childhood obesity influence a person’s health and a country’s health care system?

Expert Solution
Summary Introduction

To determine: How childhood obesity influences a person’s health and a country’s healthcare system.

Concept introduction: Obesity is referred to as excess body fat, and body mass index (BMI) is an index to measure it. Childhood obesity is a serious health challenge. BMI percentile is used to measure obesity in children and young people. It takes into account that children and young people are growing at different rates based on their age and sex.

Explanation of Solution

Childhood obesity is a public health issue. It occurs when a child is above their normal weight as per their age and height. The causes may be genetics and behavior or lifestyle. Obesity in children can be serious as it would continue to occur during adulthood also. There is a risk of high cholesterol and high blood pressure, which are the factors that lead to cardiovascular diseases. There are other conditions such as type 2 diabetes, breathing problems, fatty liver disease, and musculoskeletal discomfort. Another factor is psychological issues with children. They include anxiety and low self-esteem, which may lead to depression. The environment and community will also be unhealthy. There will be decreased life expectancy in the case of overweight and obese individuals. This causes health burden, and thus impacts health expenditures. The healthcare cost would influence healthcare systems as well.

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