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Cardiopulmonary Anatomy & Physiolo...

7th Edition
Des Jardins + 1 other
ISBN: 9781337794909

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Section
BuyFindarrow_forward

Cardiopulmonary Anatomy & Physiolo...

7th Edition
Des Jardins + 1 other
ISBN: 9781337794909
Textbook Problem

Case 1

Why did metabolic acidosis develop? ________________________________________

_________________________________________________________________________

_________________________________________________________________________

Summary Introduction

To review:

The reason for the development of metabolic acidosis in the given case.

Introduction:

An old woman has been admitted to the hospital, showing left ventricular failure and severe renal failure. The laboratory report revealed the pH (potential of hydrogen) as 7.29, partial pressure of carbon dioxide as 32 millimeters of mercury (mm Hg), bicarbonate (HCO3-) levels as 17 milliequivalent per liter (mEq/L), and partial pressure of oxygen as 64 mm Hg. The kidneys maintain the HCO3- and H+ levels in the blood.

Explanation

Given information:

Please refer to Clinical Application Case-1.

The kidneys are responsible for the secretion of hydrogen ions and the conservation of bicarbonate ions. As the renal function is affected, this function also decreases. The poor blood supply to the kidneys in the old woman’s case causes the failure of the kidneys to maintain the blood HCO3- and H+ levels...

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