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Brief Principles of Macroeconomics...

8th Edition
N. Gregory Mankiw
ISBN: 9781337091985

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BuyFindarrow_forward

Brief Principles of Macroeconomics...

8th Edition
N. Gregory Mankiw
ISBN: 9781337091985
Textbook Problem

If the central bank wants to expand aggregate demand, it can _____ the money supply, which would _____ the interest rate.

  1. a. increase, increase
  2. b. increase, decrease
  3. c. decrease, increase
  4. d. decrease, decrease

To determine

Relation between money supply and aggregate demand.

Answer

Option ‘b’ is correct.

Explanation

Option (b):

By the theory of liquidity preference, an increase in the money supply shifts the money supply curve to the right causing the equilibrium interest rate to decrease. This stimulates consumption and investment, thereby expanding aggregate demand. Thus, option ‘b’ is correct.

Option (a):

Increase in money supply shifts the money supply curve to the right, which lowers the interest rate. Thus, option ‘a’ is incorrect.

Option (c):

By the theory of liquidity preference, a decrease in money supply shifts the money supply curve to the left causing the equilibrium interest rate to increase. This reduces consumption and investment, thereby contracting aggregate demand. Thus, option ‘c’ is incorrect.

Option (d):

Decrease in money supply shifts the money supply curve to the left, which increases the interest rate. Thus, option ‘d’ is incorrect.

Concept

Concept introduction:

Aggregate demand (AD): Aggregate demand refers to the total value of the goods and services that are demanded at a particular price in a given period.

Money supply: Money supply refers to the total amount of monetary assets circulating in an economy during a particular period.

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