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Introductory Chemistry: A Foundati...

9th Edition
Steven S. Zumdahl + 1 other
ISBN: 9781337399425

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BuyFindarrow_forward

Introductory Chemistry: A Foundati...

9th Edition
Steven S. Zumdahl + 1 other
ISBN: 9781337399425
Textbook Problem
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Write an equation showing how HCl(g) behaves as an Arrhenius acid when dissolved in water. Write an equation showing how NaOH(s) behaves as an Arrhenius base when dissolved in water.

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation:

The equation should be written which shows the behavior of HCl(g) as an Arrhenius acid when dissolved in water and which shows the behavior of NaOH(s) as an Arrhenius base when dissolved in water.

Concept Introduction:

According to Arrhenius acid-base theory:

Acids are those compounds which increases the amount of protons when dissolved in water whereas bases are those compounds which increases the amount of hydroxide ions when dissolved in water.

Explanation

When HCl(g) dissolved in water, dissociates into H+ and Cl. The equation is given as:

HCl(g)H2OH+(aq)+Cl(aq)

Now, H+ ion reacts with water molecule and form hydronium ion H3O+.

Here, HCl(g) produces H+ ion, thus it behaves as an Arrhenius acid.

Thus, acid is defined as the compound which produces H+ in water

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