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Fundamentals of Physical Geography

2nd Edition
James Petersen
ISBN: 9781133606536

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BuyFindarrow_forward

Fundamentals of Physical Geography

2nd Edition
James Petersen
ISBN: 9781133606536
Textbook Problem

What are the three main types of alpine glacier and what distinguishes them from one another?

To determine

The three main types of alpine glacier and the difference between them.

Explanation

Glaciers are large masses of flowing ice. The two major categories of glaciers are alpine and continental.

Alpine glaciers are found in high elevation region where the temperature and precipitation conditions required for glacier formation result in places such as mountainous terrain. There are three types of alpine glaciers, namely cirque, valley and piedmont glaciers.

Alpine glaciers are fed by snow and ice in mountain areas, and occupy valleys that were previously created by stream erosion. The glaciers flow downslope because of the gravitational force owing to their own weight.

Cirques: The alpine glaciers those are restricted to distinctive steep-sided amphitheater-like depressions are called alpine cirque glaciers. A cirque is formed by glacial erosion near high mountain peaks at valley head...

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