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Chemistry In Focus

7th Edition
Tro + 1 other
Publisher: Cengage Learning,
ISBN: 9781337399692

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BuyFindarrow_forward

Chemistry In Focus

7th Edition
Tro + 1 other
Publisher: Cengage Learning,
ISBN: 9781337399692
Chapter 16, Problem 32E
Textbook Problem
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Explain how proteins are synthesized within cells.

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation:

The process of protein synthesis within cells is to be explained.

Concept Introduction:

 Protein synthesis is the process by which individual cells build their specific proteins.

 DNA contains the genetic material in living organisms. It is stored in the nucleus and the proteins are synthesized from the amino acids in ribosomes.

Explanation of Solution

Making a specified protein requires the formation of mRNA. mRNA carries a copy of the DNA base sequence of a specific gene to the ribosome, where protein synthesis takes place. When a cell needs a protein specified by a particular gene, that portion of the DNA unwinds. A complementary strand of mRNA is formed, which contains the entire code for making the protein. This mRNA is then transported outside the nucleus to the ribosome...

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Chapter 16 Solutions

Chemistry In Focus
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Ch. 16 - DNA Complementarity Draw the complementary strand...Ch. 16 - List the four major classes of biochemical...Ch. 16 - Why are fats more efficient than carbohydrates for...Ch. 16 - What is the definition of a lipid? What is the...Ch. 16 - What is the difference between a saturated and an...Ch. 16 - What does the name carbohydrate mean?Ch. 16 - Why do carbohydrates contain less energy per gram...Ch. 16 - What are the general structural features of...Ch. 16 - What are the two different forms that a...Ch. 16 - What is one important result of the presence of OH...Ch. 16 - Draw the structure of glucose, both in its...Ch. 16 - What is the difference between a monosaccharide, a...Ch. 16 - What is the difference in structure between starch...Ch. 16 - What are proteins? What functions do they serve in...Ch. 16 - What are the general structural features of amino...Ch. 16 - How many different amino acids exist in human...Ch. 16 - What is primary structure in proteins? What kinds...Ch. 16 - Define secondary structure in proteins. What kinds...Ch. 16 - Define tertiary and quaternary structure in...Ch. 16 - What is hemoglobin (Hb)? What is its function?Ch. 16 - What is -keratin? What is its function? How can it...Ch. 16 - What is lysozyme? How was it discovered?Ch. 16 - What is insulin? What is its function?Ch. 16 - Draw a block diagram for the structure of a...Ch. 16 - What is the difference between DNA and RNA?Ch. 16 - What are the four bases found in DNA? List the...Ch. 16 - What is a codon? What is its function? How many...Ch. 16 - What are chromosomes? How many exist in humans?Ch. 16 - What are genes? How many exist in humans?Ch. 16 - Does each cell make every protein specified by the...Ch. 16 - Explain how DNA is replicated within cells.Ch. 16 - Draw a schematic diagram of DNA. Show the...Ch. 16 - Explain how proteins are synthesized within cells.Ch. 16 - What is recombinant DNA?Ch. 16 - Describe how a particular gene or set of genes...Ch. 16 - Explain how recombinant DNA technology has made...Ch. 16 - What are the genetically modified foods? Are they...Ch. 16 - How can genetic engineering be used to prevent...Ch. 16 - How can genetic engineering be used to treat...Ch. 16 - What is the Human Genome Project? What are some of...Ch. 16 - What is cloning? What kind of cloning has been...Ch. 16 - Has cloning been accomplished in humans? In what...Ch. 16 - What are the dangers inherent in applying genetic...Ch. 16 - Explain the difference between therapeutic cloning...Ch. 16 - What are stem cells? Why are scientists interested...Ch. 16 - Which molecule is a triglyceride?Ch. 16 - Which molecule is a triglyceride?Ch. 16 - Which of the following is a saturated fat?Ch. 16 - Classify each of the following fatty acids R...Ch. 16 - Which of the following is a carbohydrate?Ch. 16 - Which of the following is a carbohydrate?Ch. 16 - Draw the structure of sucrose.Ch. 16 - Draw the structure of fructose in both its...Ch. 16 - Classify each of the following carbohydrates as a...Ch. 16 - Classify each of the following carbohydrates as a...Ch. 16 - Which molecule is an amino acid?Ch. 16 - Which molecule is an amino acid?Ch. 16 - Classify each molecule as a lipid, carbohydrate,...Ch. 16 - Classify each molecule as a lipid, carbohydrate,...Ch. 16 - Draw the structure for the dipeptide that would...Ch. 16 - Draw the structure for the dipeptide Ala-Gly. How...Ch. 16 - Draw the structure for the tripeptide Leu-Leu-Leu....Ch. 16 - Draw the structure for the tripeptide Ser-Ser-Ser....Ch. 16 - Give the complement of each of the following...Ch. 16 - Draw the complementary strand for each of the...Ch. 16 - Comment on the relationship between the structure...Ch. 16 - Compare ethanol (CH3CH2OH), the alcohol in...Ch. 16 - Suppose you were a legislator looking at a bill...Ch. 16 - Suppose that scientists produce a genetically...Ch. 16 - What are the ethical issues involved in the...Ch. 16 - Suppose a scientist succeeded in taking one human...Ch. 16 - Classify each of the following as a saccharide, a...Ch. 16 - Classify each of the following as a triglyceride,...Ch. 16 - Genetically engineered foods have met with some...

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