You are working at an open-air amphitheater, where rock concerts occur regularly. The venue has powerful loudspeakers mounted on 10.6-m-tall columns at various locations surrounding the audience. The loudspeakers emit sound uniformly in all directions. There are ladder steps sticking out from the columns, to help workers service the loudspeakers. Many times, audience members break through the protective fencing around the columns and climb upward on the columns to get a better view of the performers. The upcoming concert is by a group that states that several very-high-volume pulses of sound occur in their concerts, and these sounds are part of their artistic expression. The amphitheater owners are worried about people climbing the columns and being too close to the loudspeakers when these peak sounds are emitted. They do not want to be held responsible for injuries to audience members’ ears. Based on past performances of the group, you determine that the peak sound level is 150 dB measured 20.0 cm from the speakers on the columns. The owners ask you to determine the heights on the columns at which to mount impassable barricades to keep people from getting too close to the speakers and hearing sound above the threshold of pain.

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Physics for Scientists and Enginee...

10th Edition
Raymond A. Serway + 1 other
Publisher: Cengage Learning
ISBN: 9781337553278
BuyFind

Physics for Scientists and Enginee...

10th Edition
Raymond A. Serway + 1 other
Publisher: Cengage Learning
ISBN: 9781337553278

Solutions

Chapter
Section
Chapter 16, Problem 35P
Textbook Problem

You are working at an open-air amphitheater, where rock concerts occur regularly. The venue has powerful loudspeakers mounted on 10.6-m-tall columns at various locations surrounding the audience. The loudspeakers emit sound uniformly in all directions. There are ladder steps sticking out from the columns, to help workers service the loudspeakers. Many times, audience members break through the protective fencing around the columns and climb upward on the columns to get a better view of the performers. The upcoming concert is by a group that states that several very-high-volume pulses of sound occur in their concerts, and these sounds are part of their artistic expression. The amphitheater owners are worried about people climbing the columns and being too close to the loudspeakers when these peak sounds are emitted. They do not want to be held responsible for injuries to audience members’ ears. Based on past performances of the group, you determine that the peak sound level is 150 dB measured 20.0 cm from the speakers on the columns. The owners ask you to determine the heights on the columns at which to mount impassable barricades to keep people from getting too close to the speakers and hearing sound above the threshold of pain.

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Chapter 16 Solutions

Physics for Scientists and Engineers
Ch. 16.9 - An airplane flying with a constant velocity moves...Ch. 16 - A seismographic station receives S and P waves...Ch. 16 - Two points A and B on the surface of the Earth are...Ch. 16 - You are working for a plumber who is laying very...Ch. 16 - You are working on a senior project and are...Ch. 16 - When a particular wire is vibrating with a...Ch. 16 - (a) Plot y versus t at x = 0 for a sinusoidal wave...Ch. 16 - Consider the sinusoidal wave of Example 16.2 with...Ch. 16 - A sinusoidal wave traveling in the negative x...Ch. 16 - (a) Write the expression for y as a function of x...Ch. 16 - Review. The elastic limit of a steel wire is 2.70 ...Ch. 16 - Transverse waves travel with a speed of 20.0 m/s...Ch. 16 - Why is the following situation impossible? An...Ch. 16 - Tension is maintained in a string as in Figure...Ch. 16 - Transverse pulses travel with a speed of 200 m/s...Ch. 16 - Transverse waves are being generated on a rope...Ch. 16 - In a region far from the epicenter of an...Ch. 16 - A long string carries a wave; a 6.00-m segment of...Ch. 16 - A two-dimensional water wave spreads in circular...Ch. 16 - A horizontal string can transmit a maximum power...Ch. 16 - Show that the wave function y = ln [b(x vt)] is a...Ch. 16 - Show that the wave function y = eb(x vt) is a...Ch. 16 - (a) Show that the function y(x, t) = x2 + v2t2 is...Ch. 16 - A sinusoidal sound wave moves through a medium and...Ch. 16 - Earthquakes at fault lines in the Earths crust...Ch. 16 - An experimenter wishes to generate in air a sound...Ch. 16 - A sound wave propagates in air at 27C with...Ch. 16 - You are at Quincy Quarries Reservation with your...Ch. 16 - A rescue plane flies horizontally at a constant...Ch. 16 - The speed of sound in air (in meters per second)...Ch. 16 - A sound wave moves down a cylinder as in Figure...Ch. 16 - The intensity of a sound wave at a fixed distance...Ch. 16 - The intensity of a sound wave at a fixed distance...Ch. 16 - The power output of a certain public-address...Ch. 16 - A fireworks rocket explodes at a height of 100 m...Ch. 16 - You are working at an open-air amphitheater, where...Ch. 16 - Why is the following situation impossible? It is...Ch. 16 - Show that the difference between decibel levels 1...Ch. 16 - Submarine A travels horizontally at 11.0 m/s...Ch. 16 - When high-energy charged particles move through a...Ch. 16 - Why is the following situation impossible? At the...Ch. 16 - Review. A block with a speaker bolted to it is...Ch. 16 - Review. A block with a speaker bolted to it is...Ch. 16 - A sinusoidal wave in a rope is described by the...Ch. 16 - The wave is a particular type of pulse that can...Ch. 16 - Some studies suggest that the upper frequency...Ch. 16 - An undersea earthquake or a landslide can produce...Ch. 16 - A sinusoidal wave in a string is described by the...Ch. 16 - A rope of total mass m and length L is suspended...Ch. 16 - A wire of density is tapered so that its...Ch. 16 - Why is the following situation impossible?...Ch. 16 - A pulse traveling along a string of linear mass...Ch. 16 - A train whistle (f = 400 Hz) sounds higher or...Ch. 16 - Review. A 150-g glider moves at v1 = 2.30 m/s on...Ch. 16 - Consider the following wave function in SI units:...Ch. 16 - With particular experimental methods, it is...Ch. 16 - A large set of unoccupied football bleachers has...Ch. 16 - A string on a musical instrument is held under...Ch. 16 - Assume an object of mass M is suspended from the...Ch. 16 - Equation 16.40 states that at distance r away from...Ch. 16 - In Section 16.7, we derived the speed of sound in...

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