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Submarine A travels horizontally at 11.0 m/s through ocean water. It emits a sonar signal of frequency f = 5.27 × 10 3 Hz in the forward direction. Submarine B is in front of submarine A and traveling at 3.00 m/s relative to the water in the same direction as submarine A. A crewman in submarine B uses his equipment to detect the sound waves (“pings”) from submarine A. We wish to determine what is heard by the crewman in submarine B. (a) An observer on which submarine detects a frequency f ′ as described by Equation 16.46? (b) In Equation 16.46, should the sign of v s be positive or negative? (c) In Equation 16.46, should the sign of v o be positive or negative? (d) In Equation 16.46, what speed of sound should be used? (e) Find the frequency of the sound detected by the crewman on submarine B.

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Physics for Scientists and Enginee...

10th Edition
Raymond A. Serway + 1 other
Publisher: Cengage Learning
ISBN: 9781337553278
BuyFind

Physics for Scientists and Enginee...

10th Edition
Raymond A. Serway + 1 other
Publisher: Cengage Learning
ISBN: 9781337553278

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Chapter
Section
Chapter 16, Problem 38P
Textbook Problem

Submarine A travels horizontally at 11.0 m/s through ocean water. It emits a sonar signal of frequency f = 5.27 × 103 Hz in the forward direction. Submarine B is in front of submarine A and traveling at 3.00 m/s relative to the water in the same direction as submarine A. A crewman in submarine B uses his equipment to detect the sound waves (“pings”) from submarine A. We wish to determine what is heard by the crewman in submarine B. (a) An observer on which submarine detects a frequency f′ as described by Equation 16.46? (b) In Equation 16.46, should the sign of vs be positive or negative? (c) In Equation 16.46, should the sign of vo be positive or negative? (d) In Equation 16.46, what speed of sound should be used? (e) Find the frequency of the sound detected by the crewman on submarine B.

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Chapter 16 Solutions

Physics for Scientists and Engineers
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Ch. 16.9 - An airplane flying with a constant velocity moves...Ch. 16 - A seismographic station receives S and P waves...Ch. 16 - Two points A and B on the surface of the Earth are...Ch. 16 - You are working for a plumber who is laying very...Ch. 16 - You are working on a senior project and are...Ch. 16 - When a particular wire is vibrating with a...Ch. 16 - (a) Plot y versus t at x = 0 for a sinusoidal wave...Ch. 16 - Consider the sinusoidal wave of Example 16.2 with...Ch. 16 - A sinusoidal wave traveling in the negative x...Ch. 16 - (a) Write the expression for y as a function of x...Ch. 16 - Review. The elastic limit of a steel wire is 2.70 ...Ch. 16 - Transverse waves travel with a speed of 20.0 m/s...Ch. 16 - Why is the following situation impossible? An...Ch. 16 - Tension is maintained in a string as in Figure...Ch. 16 - Transverse pulses travel with a speed of 200 m/s...Ch. 16 - Transverse waves are being generated on a rope...Ch. 16 - In a region far from the epicenter of an...Ch. 16 - A long string carries a wave; a 6.00-m segment of...Ch. 16 - A two-dimensional water wave spreads in circular...Ch. 16 - A horizontal string can transmit a maximum power...Ch. 16 - Show that the wave function y = ln [b(x vt)] is a...Ch. 16 - Show that the wave function y = eb(x vt) is a...Ch. 16 - (a) Show that the function y(x, t) = x2 + v2t2 is...Ch. 16 - A sinusoidal sound wave moves through a medium and...Ch. 16 - Earthquakes at fault lines in the Earths crust...Ch. 16 - An experimenter wishes to generate in air a sound...Ch. 16 - A sound wave propagates in air at 27C with...Ch. 16 - You are at Quincy Quarries Reservation with your...Ch. 16 - A rescue plane flies horizontally at a constant...Ch. 16 - The speed of sound in air (in meters per second)...Ch. 16 - A sound wave moves down a cylinder as in Figure...Ch. 16 - The intensity of a sound wave at a fixed distance...Ch. 16 - The intensity of a sound wave at a fixed distance...Ch. 16 - The power output of a certain public-address...Ch. 16 - A fireworks rocket explodes at a height of 100 m...Ch. 16 - You are working at an open-air amphitheater, where...Ch. 16 - Why is the following situation impossible? It is...Ch. 16 - Show that the difference between decibel levels 1...Ch. 16 - Submarine A travels horizontally at 11.0 m/s...Ch. 16 - When high-energy charged particles move through a...Ch. 16 - Why is the following situation impossible? At the...Ch. 16 - Review. A block with a speaker bolted to it is...Ch. 16 - Review. A block with a speaker bolted to it is...Ch. 16 - A sinusoidal wave in a rope is described by the...Ch. 16 - The wave is a particular type of pulse that can...Ch. 16 - Some studies suggest that the upper frequency...Ch. 16 - An undersea earthquake or a landslide can produce...Ch. 16 - A sinusoidal wave in a string is described by the...Ch. 16 - A rope of total mass m and length L is suspended...Ch. 16 - A wire of density is tapered so that its...Ch. 16 - Why is the following situation impossible?...Ch. 16 - A pulse traveling along a string of linear mass...Ch. 16 - A train whistle (f = 400 Hz) sounds higher or...Ch. 16 - Review. A 150-g glider moves at v1 = 2.30 m/s on...Ch. 16 - Consider the following wave function in SI units:...Ch. 16 - With particular experimental methods, it is...Ch. 16 - A large set of unoccupied football bleachers has...Ch. 16 - A string on a musical instrument is held under...Ch. 16 - Assume an object of mass M is suspended from the...Ch. 16 - Equation 16.40 states that at distance r away from...Ch. 16 - In Section 16.7, we derived the speed of sound in...

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