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Introductory Chemistry: A Foundati...

9th Edition
Steven S. Zumdahl + 1 other
ISBN: 9781337399425

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BuyFindarrow_forward

Introductory Chemistry: A Foundati...

9th Edition
Steven S. Zumdahl + 1 other
ISBN: 9781337399425
Textbook Problem

. Calculate the hydrogen ion concentration, in moles per liter, for solutions with each of the following pH or pOH values.

a. pOH = 4.99

h. pH = 7.74

c. pOH = 10.74

d. pH = 2.25

Interpretation Introduction

(a)

Interpretation:

The hydrogen ion concentration should be calculated.

Concept Introduction:

The concentration of hydrogen ions in a solution determines the acidity of a solution. If concentration of hydrogen ion is more than the solution is more acetic, if it is low, solution is less acidic.

The pH of solution is defined as negative log of hydrogen ion concentration thus, it can be calculated as follows:

pH=log[H+]

Here, [H+] is concentration of hydrogen ion.

Similarly, pOH of a solution is defined as negative log of hydroxide ion concentration thus, it can be calculated as follows:

pOH=log[OH]

Here, [OH] is concentration of hydroxide ion.

pH and pOH of a solution are related to each other as follows:

pH+pOH=14

In a pH scale, if the value of pH is below 7 the solution is said to be acidic in nature, if the Ph value is above 7 it is said to be basic in nature. At pH 7, the solution is neutral.

Explanation

Given Information:

The pOH of solution is 4.99

Calculation:

From the pOH of solution, pH can be calculated as follows:

pH+pOH=14

On rearranging,

pH=14pOH

Putting the values,

pH=144.99=9.01

Now, from pH, hydrogen ion concentration can be calculated as follows:

pH=log[H+

Interpretation Introduction

(b)

Interpretation:

The hydrogen ion concentration should be calculated.

Concept Introduction:

The concentration of hydrogen ions in a solution determines the acidity of a solution. If concentration of hydrogen ion is more than the solution is more acetic, if it is low, solution is less acidic.

The pH of solution is defined as negative log of hydrogen ion concentration thus, it can be calculated as follows:

pH=log[H+]

Here, [H+] is concentration of hydrogen ion.

Similarly, pOH of a solution is defined as negative log of hydroxide ion concentration thus, it can be calculated as follows:

pOH=log[OH]

Here, [OH] is concentration of hydroxide ion.

pH and pOH of a solution are related to each other as follows:

pH+pOH=14

In a pH scale, if the value of pH is below 7 the solution is said to be acidic in nature, if the Ph value is above 7 it is said to be basic in nature. At pH 7, the solution is neutral.

Interpretation Introduction

(c)

Interpretation:

The hydrogen ion concentration should be calculated.

Concept Introduction:

The concentration of hydrogen ions in a solution determines the acidity of a solution. If concentration of hydrogen ion is more than the solution is more acetic, if it is low, solution is less acidic.

The pH of solution is defined as negative log of hydrogen ion concentration thus, it can be calculated as follows:

pH=log[H+]

Here, [H+] is concentration of hydrogen ion.

Similarly, pOH of a solution is defined as negative log of hydroxide ion concentration thus, it can be calculated as follows:

pOH=log[OH]

Here, [OH] is concentration of hydroxide ion.

pH and pOH of a solution are related to each other as follows:

pH+pOH=14

In a pH scale, if the value of pH is below 7 the solution is said to be acidic in nature, if the Ph value is above 7 it is said to be basic in nature. At pH 7, the solution is neutral.

Interpretation Introduction

(d)

Interpretation:

The hydrogen ion concentration should be calculated.

Concept Introduction:

The concentration of hydrogen ions in a solution determines the acidity of a solution. If concentration of hydrogen ion is more than the solution is more acetic, if it is low, solution is less acidic.

The pH of solution is defined as negative log of hydrogen ion concentration thus, it can be calculated as follows:

pH=log[H+]

Here, [H+] is concentration of hydrogen ion.

Similarly, pOH of a solution is defined as negative log of hydroxide ion concentration thus, it can be calculated as follows:

pOH=log[OH]

Here, [OH] is concentration of hydroxide ion.

pH and pOH of a solution are related to each other as follows:

pH+pOH=14

In a pH scale, if the value of pH is below 7 the solution is said to be acidic in nature, if the Ph value is above 7 it is said to be basic in nature. At pH 7, the solution is neutral.

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