BuyFind

Introductory Chemistry: A Foundati...

9th Edition
Steven S. Zumdahl + 1 other
Publisher: Cengage Learning
ISBN: 9781337399425
BuyFind

Introductory Chemistry: A Foundati...

9th Edition
Steven S. Zumdahl + 1 other
Publisher: Cengage Learning
ISBN: 9781337399425

Solutions

Chapter
Section
Chapter 16, Problem 52QAP
Textbook Problem
25 views

. Calculate the hydrogen ion concentration, in moles per liter, for solutions with each of the following pH or pOH values.

a. pOH = 4.99

h. pH = 7.74

c. pOH = 10.74

d. pH = 2.25

Expert Solution
Interpretation Introduction

(a)

Interpretation:

The hydrogen ion concentration should be calculated.

Concept Introduction:

The concentration of hydrogen ions in a solution determines the acidity of a solution. If concentration of hydrogen ion is more than the solution is more acetic, if it is low, solution is less acidic.

The pH of solution is defined as negative log of hydrogen ion concentration thus, it can be calculated as follows:

pH=log[H+]

Here, [H+] is concentration of hydrogen ion.

Similarly, pOH of a solution is defined as negative log of hydroxide ion concentration thus, it can be calculated as follows:

pOH=log[OH]

Here, [OH] is concentration of hydroxide ion.

pH and pOH of a solution are related to each other as follows:

pH+pOH=14

In a pH scale, if the value of pH is below 7 the solution is said to be acidic in nature, if the Ph value is above 7 it is said to be basic in nature. At pH 7, the solution is neutral.

Explanation of Solution

Given Information:

The pOH of solution is 4.99

Calculation:

From the pOH of solution, pH can be calculated as follows:

pH+pOH=14

On rearranging,

pH=14pOH

Putting the values,

pH=144.99=9.01

Now, from pH, hydrogen ion concentration can be calculated as follows:

pH=log[H+

Expert Solution
Interpretation Introduction

(b)

Interpretation:

The hydrogen ion concentration should be calculated.

Concept Introduction:

The concentration of hydrogen ions in a solution determines the acidity of a solution. If concentration of hydrogen ion is more than the solution is more acetic, if it is low, solution is less acidic.

The pH of solution is defined as negative log of hydrogen ion concentration thus, it can be calculated as follows:

pH=log[H+]

Here, [H+] is concentration of hydrogen ion.

Similarly, pOH of a solution is defined as negative log of hydroxide ion concentration thus, it can be calculated as follows:

pOH=log[OH]

Here, [OH] is concentration of hydroxide ion.

pH and pOH of a solution are related to each other as follows:

pH+pOH=14

In a pH scale, if the value of pH is below 7 the solution is said to be acidic in nature, if the Ph value is above 7 it is said to be basic in nature. At pH 7, the solution is neutral.

Expert Solution
Interpretation Introduction

(c)

Interpretation:

The hydrogen ion concentration should be calculated.

Concept Introduction:

The concentration of hydrogen ions in a solution determines the acidity of a solution. If concentration of hydrogen ion is more than the solution is more acetic, if it is low, solution is less acidic.

The pH of solution is defined as negative log of hydrogen ion concentration thus, it can be calculated as follows:

pH=log[H+]

Here, [H+] is concentration of hydrogen ion.

Similarly, pOH of a solution is defined as negative log of hydroxide ion concentration thus, it can be calculated as follows:

pOH=log[OH]

Here, [OH] is concentration of hydroxide ion.

pH and pOH of a solution are related to each other as follows:

pH+pOH=14

In a pH scale, if the value of pH is below 7 the solution is said to be acidic in nature, if the Ph value is above 7 it is said to be basic in nature. At pH 7, the solution is neutral.

Expert Solution
Interpretation Introduction

(d)

Interpretation:

The hydrogen ion concentration should be calculated.

Concept Introduction:

The concentration of hydrogen ions in a solution determines the acidity of a solution. If concentration of hydrogen ion is more than the solution is more acetic, if it is low, solution is less acidic.

The pH of solution is defined as negative log of hydrogen ion concentration thus, it can be calculated as follows:

pH=log[H+]

Here, [H+] is concentration of hydrogen ion.

Similarly, pOH of a solution is defined as negative log of hydroxide ion concentration thus, it can be calculated as follows:

pOH=log[OH]

Here, [OH] is concentration of hydroxide ion.

pH and pOH of a solution are related to each other as follows:

pH+pOH=14

In a pH scale, if the value of pH is below 7 the solution is said to be acidic in nature, if the Ph value is above 7 it is said to be basic in nature. At pH 7, the solution is neutral.

Want to see this answer and more?

Bartleby provides explanations to thousands of textbook problems written by our experts, many with advanced degrees!

See solution

Chapter 16 Solutions

Introductory Chemistry: A Foundation
Show all chapter solutions
Ch. 16 - Explain why Cl- does not affect the pH of an...Ch. 16 - Write the general reaction for an acid acting in...Ch. 16 - Differentiate among the terms concentrated,...Ch. 16 - What is meant by “pH”? True or false: A strong...Ch. 16 - Consider two separate solutions: one containing a...Ch. 16 - Why is the pH of water at 25 °C equal to 7.00? 6....Ch. 16 - Can the pH of a solution be negative? Explain.Ch. 16 - Stanley’s grade-point average (GPA) is 3.28. What...Ch. 16 - . A friend asks the following: “Consider a...Ch. 16 - . Mixing together aqueous solutions of acetic acid...Ch. 16 - . Could a buffered solution be made by mixing...Ch. 16 - . Consider the equation:...Ch. 16 - . Choose the answer that best completes the...Ch. 16 - . You mix a solution of a strong acid with a pH of...Ch. 16 - . The following figures are molecular-level...Ch. 16 - . Answer the following questions concerning...Ch. 16 - What are some physical properties that...Ch. 16 - Write an equation showing how HCl(g) behaves as an...Ch. 16 - According to the Brøsted-Lowry model, an acid is a...Ch. 16 - How do the components of a conjugate acid—base...Ch. 16 - 5. Given the general equation illustrating the...Ch. 16 - According to Arrhenius, ____________ produce...Ch. 16 - Which of the following do not represent a...Ch. 16 - Which of the following do not represent a...Ch. 16 - In each of the following chemical equations,...Ch. 16 - . In each of the following chemical equations,...Ch. 16 - . Write the conjugate acid for each of the...Ch. 16 - . Write the conjugate acid for each of the...Ch. 16 - . Write the conjugate base for each of the...Ch. 16 - . Write the conjugate base for each of the...Ch. 16 - . Write a chemical equation showing how each of...Ch. 16 - . Write a chemical equation showing how each of...Ch. 16 - . What does it mean to say that an acid is strong...Ch. 16 - . What does it mean to say that an acid is weak in...Ch. 16 - . How is the strength of an acid related to the...Ch. 16 - . A strong acid has a weak conjugate base, whereas...Ch. 16 - . Write the formula for the hydronium ion. Write...Ch. 16 - . Name four strong acids. For each of these, write...Ch. 16 - . Organic acids contain the carboxyl group Using...Ch. 16 - . What is an oxyacid? Write the formulas of three...Ch. 16 - 25. Which of the following acids have relatively...Ch. 16 - . The “Chemistry in Focus” segment Plants Fight...Ch. 16 - . Water is the most common amphoteric substance,...Ch. 16 - . Anions containing hydrogen (for example. HCO3and...Ch. 16 - . What is meant by the iou-product constant for...Ch. 16 - . What happens to the hydroxide ion concentration...Ch. 16 - . Calculate the [H+] in each of the following...Ch. 16 - . Calculate the [H+] in each of the following...Ch. 16 - . Calculate the [OH-] in each of the following...Ch. 16 - . Calculate the [OH-] in each of the following...Ch. 16 - 35. For each pair of concentrations, tell which...Ch. 16 - . For each pair of concentrations, tell which...Ch. 16 - . Why do scientists tend to express the acidity of...Ch. 16 - . Using Fig. 16.3, list the approximate pH value...Ch. 16 - . For a hydrogen ion concentration of 2.33106M,...Ch. 16 - . The “Chemistry in Focus” segment Garden-Variety...Ch. 16 - . Calculate the pH corresponding to each of the...Ch. 16 - . Calculate the pH corresponding to each of the...Ch. 16 - . Calculate the pH corresponding to each of the...Ch. 16 - . Calculate the pH corresponding to each of the...Ch. 16 - 45. Calculate the p1-I corresponding to each of...Ch. 16 - . Calculate the pOH value corresponding to each of...Ch. 16 - . For each hydrogen ion concentration listed,...Ch. 16 - . For each hydrogen ion concentration listed,...Ch. 16 - . Calculate the hydrogen ion concentration, in...Ch. 16 - . Calculate the hydrogen ion concentration, in...Ch. 16 - . Calculate the hydrogen ion concentration, in...Ch. 16 - . Calculate the hydrogen ion concentration, in...Ch. 16 - . Calculate the pH of each of the following...Ch. 16 - . Calculate the pH of each of the following...Ch. 16 - 55. When 1 mole of gaseous hydrogen chloride is...Ch. 16 - . A bottle of acid solution is labeled “3 M HNO3.”...Ch. 16 - . Calculate the hydrogen ion concentration and the...Ch. 16 - . Calculate the pH of each of the following...Ch. 16 - . What characteristic properties do buffered...Ch. 16 - . What two components make up a buffered solution?...Ch. 16 - . Which component of a buffered solution is...Ch. 16 - . Which component of a buffered solution consumes...Ch. 16 - . Which of the following combinations would act as...Ch. 16 - . A buffered solution is prepared containing...Ch. 16 - . The concepts of acid-base equilibria were...Ch. 16 - . Strong buses are bases that completely ionize in...Ch. 16 - . 01 the following conditions, which indicate an...Ch. 16 - . Of the following conditions, which indicate a...Ch. 16 - . Buffered solutions are mixtures of a weak acid...Ch. 16 - . Of the following acids, which have relatively...Ch. 16 - . Is it possible for a solution to have...Ch. 16 - . Despite HCI’s being a strong acid, the pH of...Ch. 16 - . According to Arrhenius, bases are species that...Ch. 16 - . According to the Brønsted-Lowry model, a base is...Ch. 16 - 75. A conjugate acid-base pair Consists of two...Ch. 16 - . Acetate ion, C2H3O2- , has a stronger affinity...Ch. 16 - . An acid such as HCl that strongly conducts an...Ch. 16 - . Draw the structure of the carboxyl group. —COOH....Ch. 16 - . Because of _________ , even pure water contains...Ch. 16 - . The ion-product constant for water, Kw, has the...Ch. 16 - . The number of________ in the logarithm of a...Ch. 16 - . A solution with pH = 9 has a (higher/lower)...Ch. 16 - . A 0.20 M HCI solution contains ________ M...Ch. 16 - . A buffered solution is one that resists a change...Ch. 16 - . A(n) _________ solution contains a conjugate...Ch. 16 - . When sodium hydroxide, NaOH, is added dropwise...Ch. 16 - . When hydrochloric acid, HCI. is added dropwise...Ch. 16 - . The following are representations of acid-base...Ch. 16 - . In each of the following chemical equations,...Ch. 16 - . Write the conjugate acid for each of the...Ch. 16 - . Write the conjugate base for each of the...Ch. 16 - . Of the following combinations, which would act...Ch. 16 - . Which of the following bases have relatively...Ch. 16 - . Calculate [H+] in each of the following...Ch. 16 - . Calculate [OH-] in each of the following...Ch. 16 - . Calculate the pH corresponding to each of the...Ch. 16 - . Calculate the pH of each of the solutions...Ch. 16 - . Calculate the pH corresponding to each of the...Ch. 16 - . Calculate the pOH corresponding to each of the...Ch. 16 - . For each hydrogen or hydroxide ion concentration...Ch. 16 - . Calculate the hydrogen ion concentration, in...Ch. 16 - . Calculate the hydrogen ion concentration, in...Ch. 16 - . Calculate the hydrogen ion concentration, in...Ch. 16 - . Calculate the hydrogen ion concentration and the...Ch. 16 - . Write the formulas for three combinations of...Ch. 16 - . Choose pairs in which the species listed first...Ch. 16 - . Complete the table for each of the following...Ch. 16 - . Consider 0.25 M solutions of the following...

Additional Science Textbook Solutions

Find more solutions based on key concepts
Show solutions
Name the following compounds: SO3 HNO2 Mg3N3 HI(aq) Cu3(PO4)2 CuSO45H2O

General Chemistry - Standalone book (MindTap Course List)

Insufficient dietary protein can have severe consequences, but excess dietary protein cannot cause harm. T F

Nutrition: Concepts and Controversies - Standalone book (MindTap Course List)

What are the base-pairing rules for DNA? a. AG, TC b. AT, GC c. AC, TG d. AA, GG, CC, TT

Biology: The Unity and Diversity of Life (MindTap Course List)

Why do biologists often use model organisms in their research?

Biology: The Dynamic Science (MindTap Course List)

How much work is required, using an ideal Carnot refrigerator, to change 0.500 kg of tap water at 10.0C into ic...

Physics for Scientists and Engineers, Technology Update (No access codes included)

How are the heaviest elements (uranium or gold) thought to be formed?

Oceanography: An Invitation To Marine Science, Loose-leaf Versin

Which of these diseases is caused by bacteria? a. flu b. AIDS c. measles d. syphilis

Biology: The Unity and Diversity of Life (MindTap Course List)

Why are features like the Moons maria not observed on Mercury?

Foundations of Astronomy (MindTap Course List)