BuyFindarrow_forward

Introductory Chemistry: A Foundati...

9th Edition
Steven S. Zumdahl + 1 other
ISBN: 9781337399425

Solutions

Chapter
Section
BuyFindarrow_forward

Introductory Chemistry: A Foundati...

9th Edition
Steven S. Zumdahl + 1 other
ISBN: 9781337399425
Textbook Problem
1 views

. Buffered solutions are mixtures of a weak acid and its conjugate ate base. Explain why a mixture of a strong acid and its conjugate base (such as HCl and Cl-) is not buffered.

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation:

The reason for a mixture of a strong acid and its conjugate base is not buffered should be explained.

Concept Introduction:

A buffer solution can be defined as an aqueous solution which is capable of resisting pH changes upon addition of small amounts of a strong base and a strong acid as well as upon dilution by distilled water(or in general water).The action that corresponds to keep the resistance to any changes on pH is known as “ buffering”. A buffer solution has a distinct definite pH value and hence is valuable in reaction conditions where one needs to maintain the pH value at a constant value. Blood is an example of a natural buffer which usually maintains the pH value around 7.4.

There can be two main kinds of buffer systems depending on the pH values that one needs to achieve in preparation of the buffer solutions. The two main kinds are acidic and basic buffer solutions. In both these kinds of buffer solutions there are two main constituents.

In an acidic buffer a weak acid and its conjugate base are the two main components in the buffer system.

Whereas in a basic buffer solution a weak base and its conjugate acid are the two main components in the buffer system.

In order for a solution to successfully function as a buffer solution it must contain a conjugate acid base pair which involves a weak acid/base.

Explanation

According to Lowry-Bronsted acid base theory an acid is defined as a substance that is capable of donating protons (H+ ions) whereas a base is a substance that is capable of abstracting protons (H+ ions).

In a general acid equilibrium shown by equation (2), an acid would donate a proton to water to form a conjugate base of the form A-.Then the conjugate base A- will have the ability to function as a base by abstracting an H+ from hydronium io0n to become HA (acid form).The extent to which this backward reaction occur depends on the strength of the acid...

Still sussing out bartleby?

Check out a sample textbook solution.

See a sample solution

The Solution to Your Study Problems

Bartleby provides explanations to thousands of textbook problems written by our experts, many with advanced degrees!

Get Started

Chapter 16 Solutions

Show all chapter solutions add
Ch-16 P-2ALQCh-16 P-3ALQCh-16 P-4ALQCh-16 P-5ALQCh-16 P-6ALQCh-16 P-7ALQCh-16 P-8ALQCh-16 P-9ALQCh-16 P-10ALQCh-16 P-11ALQCh-16 P-12ALQCh-16 P-13ALQCh-16 P-14ALQCh-16 P-15ALQCh-16 P-16ALQCh-16 P-17ALQCh-16 P-1QAPCh-16 P-2QAPCh-16 P-3QAPCh-16 P-4QAPCh-16 P-5QAPCh-16 P-6QAPCh-16 P-7QAPCh-16 P-8QAPCh-16 P-9QAPCh-16 P-10QAPCh-16 P-11QAPCh-16 P-12QAPCh-16 P-13QAPCh-16 P-14QAPCh-16 P-15QAPCh-16 P-16QAPCh-16 P-17QAPCh-16 P-18QAPCh-16 P-19QAPCh-16 P-20QAPCh-16 P-21QAPCh-16 P-22QAPCh-16 P-23QAPCh-16 P-24QAPCh-16 P-25QAPCh-16 P-26QAPCh-16 P-27QAPCh-16 P-28QAPCh-16 P-29QAPCh-16 P-30QAPCh-16 P-31QAPCh-16 P-32QAPCh-16 P-33QAPCh-16 P-34QAPCh-16 P-35QAPCh-16 P-36QAPCh-16 P-37QAPCh-16 P-38QAPCh-16 P-39QAPCh-16 P-40QAPCh-16 P-41QAPCh-16 P-42QAPCh-16 P-43QAPCh-16 P-44QAPCh-16 P-45QAPCh-16 P-46QAPCh-16 P-47QAPCh-16 P-48QAPCh-16 P-49QAPCh-16 P-50QAPCh-16 P-51QAPCh-16 P-52QAPCh-16 P-53QAPCh-16 P-54QAPCh-16 P-55QAPCh-16 P-56QAPCh-16 P-57QAPCh-16 P-58QAPCh-16 P-59QAPCh-16 P-60QAPCh-16 P-61QAPCh-16 P-62QAPCh-16 P-63QAPCh-16 P-64QAPCh-16 P-65APCh-16 P-66APCh-16 P-67APCh-16 P-68APCh-16 P-69APCh-16 P-70APCh-16 P-71APCh-16 P-72APCh-16 P-73APCh-16 P-74APCh-16 P-75APCh-16 P-76APCh-16 P-77APCh-16 P-78APCh-16 P-79APCh-16 P-80APCh-16 P-81APCh-16 P-82APCh-16 P-83APCh-16 P-84APCh-16 P-85APCh-16 P-86APCh-16 P-87APCh-16 P-88APCh-16 P-89APCh-16 P-90APCh-16 P-91APCh-16 P-92APCh-16 P-93APCh-16 P-94APCh-16 P-95APCh-16 P-96APCh-16 P-97APCh-16 P-98APCh-16 P-99APCh-16 P-100APCh-16 P-101APCh-16 P-102APCh-16 P-103APCh-16 P-104APCh-16 P-105APCh-16 P-106CPCh-16 P-107CPCh-16 P-108CP

Additional Science Solutions

Find more solutions based on key concepts

Show solutions add

Fried banana or vegetable snack chips make a healthy everyday snack choice for vegetarians. T F

Nutrition: Concepts and Controversies - Standalone book (MindTap Course List)

Which of Earths internal zones is the largest?

Fundamentals of Physical Geography

How does a muscle fiber incur an oxygen debt?

Human Biology (MindTap Course List)

Explain the structure and function of the endomembrane system.

Biology: The Dynamic Science (MindTap Course List)