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Introductory Chemistry: A Foundati...

9th Edition
Steven S. Zumdahl + 1 other
ISBN: 9781337399425

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BuyFindarrow_forward

Introductory Chemistry: A Foundati...

9th Edition
Steven S. Zumdahl + 1 other
ISBN: 9781337399425
Textbook Problem
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According to Arrhenius, ____________ produce hydrogen ions in aqueous solution, Whereas ____ produce hydroxide ions.

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation:

Complete the following sentence:

According to Arrhenius, ______ produce hydrogen ions in aqueous solution, whereas _____ produce hydroxide ions.

Concept Introduction:

According to Arrhenius acid-base theory:

Acids are those compounds which increases the amount of protons when dissolved in water whereas bases are those compounds which increases the amount of hydroxide ions when dissolved in water.

Explanation

For an example:

When HCl(g) dissolved in water, dissociates into H+ and Cl. The equation is given as:

HCl(g)H2OH+(aq)+Cl(aq)

Here, HCl(g) produces H+ ion, thus it behaves as an Arrhenius acid.

Thus, acid is defined as the compound which produces H+ in water

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